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Flashcards in basic legal concepts Deck (17)
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1

meaning of law

a set of enforceable rules of conduct which set down guidelines for relationships between people and organizations in society

2

what are customs

a type of behavior or tradition that is followed by a group by mutual consent

3

what are rules

codes of discipline that differ between organizations, can have legal sanctions

4

what are laws

binding to the whole community, can be enforced and have sanctions

5

what are values

things that are considered important, these values are often reflected in the law
eg. right to own property

6

what are ethics

things that a society considers to be right and wrong

7

characteristics of just laws

-applied equally
-based on values
-aims to reduce inequalities
- accessible

8

what is equality

equal treatment to everyone although can have different outcomes

9

what is equity

different treatment but for the same outcome

10

what is procedural fairness

body of principles to ensure fairness and justice of decision-making procedures in courts, fair treatment before the law eg. right of the defendant

11

what is rule of law

that all people including the government are held accountable to the law

12

what is anarchy

a state of disorder due to absence or no recognition of authority (no governing body)

13

what is tyranny

cruel or unfair treatment by people in positions of power

14

utilitarianism

achieving the greatest good for the greatest number

15

fairness

the outcome is fair on individuals, not too harsh

16

access

how accessible the law is and for people to understand laws and procedures

17

nature of justice is made up of

- equality
- fairness
- access