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Flashcards in Basic Principles of Criminal Liability Deck (8)
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what is a crime

"an action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by the law"


what is common law

is law that is formed based on judicial precedent


what is meant by actus reus

the conduct/action of the offence


what is the mens rea of a crime?

Mental element of the act.


what did Ferguson Macdonald say about mens rea?

"An act is not criminal unless the mind is also criminal"


what is meant by the term 'causation'

the link between the accused's action and the resulting crime.


give a case example of causation

Kimminds v Normand 1993 "there was a causal connection between the denial and end result"


what is the phrase for intervening act, and what does it mean?

novus actus interveniens, the intervening act that breaks the chain of causation and diverts criminal liability