Basic Vowels Flashcards Preview

Learning Biblical Hebrew - Kutz > Basic Vowels > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Vowels Deck (34):
1

Which consonants are occasionally vowels?

ו י ה Waw yod heh

2

Patach is written? And said?

Line beneath, said short a (aqua)

3

Qamets is written? And said?

T beneath, long a (father)

4

Segol is written? And said?

Three dots below, short e in pets

5

Tsere is written? And said?

Two dots, side by side. Long e like they

6

Hireq, (chireq) is written? And said?

Single dot below. Short i sound like pit

7

Hireq Yod is written? And said?

Dot beneath and next letter is י yod. Pronounced long i like ski (eee)

8

Qantas qaton is written? And said?

T beneath the letter. Pronounced short o like (hop)
Appears same as Qamats, for now words will usually be qamats (long a sound rather than short o)

9

Holem (cholem) written? Said?

A dot top right above the next letter, or on top of a vav. וֹ pronounced long o as in hope.

10

Qibbuts is written? And said

Three diagonal dots beneath, pronounced short u. Like rucksack

11

Shureq written? Said?

Next to a vav/waw וּ said a long u. As in rule

12

אָ

Qamets, long A [father] (or gametes qaton short o, [hop])

13

אַ

Patach, short A [aqua]

14

אֶ

Segol, short e [pet]

15

אֻ

Qibbuts, short u [pull]

16

אֵ

Tsere, long E, [they]

17

אִ

Hireq, short i, [pit]

18

אִי

Hireq Yod, Long i, [ski]

19

אֹ

Cholem, long o [hope]

20

אוּ

Shureq, long u [rule]

21

אוֹ

Cholem, long o [hope]

22

אָה

Qamets, long a [father] H is silent.

23

אָהּ

Qamets, long a [father] H is an aspirated at end of long a

24

אְ

Shewa, sometimes vocal, sometimes silent.

25

אְר Vocal or Silent?

Vocal, always at start of word.

26

בַאְר Vocal or Silent?

Silent, it's after a short vowel.

27

בָאְר Vocal or Silent?

Vocal it's after a long vowel.

28

בָאְאְר Vocal or silent?

Double Shewa in middle are always Silent, then vocal.

29

בָאְ Vocal or Silent

End of word shewa is always silent.`

30

בראְאְ Silent or Vocal

Double shewa at the end is always silent.

31

וְּ Vowel or consonant

Double consonant, letters can only have one vowel sound, the shewa shows the dagesh is a dagesh forte.

32

A dagesh on a BGD KPhT letter after a vowel sound is a forte or lene?

Forte.

33

A dagesh on a BGT KPhT after a shewa is a dagesh...lene or forte?

Lene.

34

יהּ
What does is this dot called and what does it do?

Mappiq
H-dot makes the H have an aspiration at the end. Melka and melka-h are spelt similar מלכה and הלכהּ whilst in melka the H Is part of the qamats on the kaf making a long aa sound at end of work the dagesh means you must pronounce the Heh too, in the for of a added H aspiration.