Flashcards in Basics Deck (13):
What suggests an inflammatory arthritis?
Morning stiffness over 30 mins
Systemic symptoms e.g. fatigue, weight loss
What suggests a non-inflammatory arthritis?
Pain worst at end of day
No systemic symptoms
No morning stiffness
What is in a musculoskeletal history?
Pain, swelling, stiffness
Acute or chronic
Affect on function
What are the HLA-B27 associated conditions?
What is uniform swelling of a joint called?
How should fractures be described on x-ray?
Patient details, penetration, view
Site of fracture
Type of fracture
Simple or comminuted
What are the x-ray features of osteoarthritis?
Loss of joint space
How does septic arthritis present?
Single, hot, red swollen joint
Rapid referral to orthopaedics
How is septic arthritis managed?
Joint aspiration --> microscopy and culture
How does osteomyelitis present?
Single red, hot, swollen joint
Indolent and subacute
Follows a local infection
Common in diabetic ulcers
How is osteomyelitis managed?
MRI is gold standard
Often staph infection - flucloxacillin
How is ankylosing spondylitis managed?
NSAIDs + physio