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Socials 10: WW1 > Battles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Battles Deck (26)
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1

Who?: 2nd battle of Ypres

Canadians, French, British vs Germans

2

When? : 2nd battle of Ypres

April 22-24 1915

3

Location?: 2nd battle of Ypres

Near Ypres, Belgium

4

What?: 2nd battle of Ypres

French and British on front lines
New weapon: chlorine gas
French has soldiers were unprotected and fled

5

Canada: 2nd battle of Ypres

Canadians 1st experience of WW1
Established reputation
Held ground against chlorine gas

6

Casualties: 2nd battle of Ypres

65 000

7

Who?: battle of Somme

British Offensive (with Canadians & Newfoundlanders)

8

When?: battle of the Somme

July 1, 1916-November 1916

9

Location?: battle of the Somme

Near the Somme river, France

10

What?: battle of the Somme

British attack with a “barrage”
Germans ready
Biggest British disaster

11

Canada: battle of the somme

Gained reputation as “shock troops”

12

Casualties: battle of the Somme

624 000 over 58 000 lives

13

Who?: battle of vimy ridge

Canadians vs Germans

14

When?: battle of Vimy Ridge

April 9, 1917

15

Location: battle of Vimy ridge

Vimy, France

16

What: battle of Vimy ridge

Key German stronghold
French and British were unsuccessful taking back the ridge
Germans retreated within hours of Canadians arrival

17

Canada: Vimy Ridge

First time Canadians fought solo
Symbol of Canadian pride and nationalism
Victory provides new hope for triple entente

18

Casualties: Vimy ridge

3598 Canadian lives

19

Who: passchendaele

British empire (Canadians) vs Germans

20

When: 3rd battle of Ypres passchendaele

July to October 1917

21

Location: passchendaele

Small Belgium village

22

What: passchendaele

Marshland
Heavy artillery bombardment destroyed surface of land

23

Canada: passchendaele

Canadians succeeded against major challenges
General Currie in command
9 Victoria crosses
Reputation as best fighting force

24

Casualties: passchendaele

16 000 Canadian lives
330 000 British casualties

25

Total Canadian casualties

60 000 lives
234 000 wounded

26

Total war casualties

8 million lives
20 million wounded