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Flashcards in BEC- Information Technology Deck (70)
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2
BEC

Which IT personnel roles should always be segregated?

Operators

Programmers

Librarians

3
BEC

What are the duties of a systems analyst?

Designs or purchases IT system

Responsible for flowcharts

Liason between Users and Programmers

Note: Think IT Manager

4
BEC

What is the primary duty of a Systems Administrator?

A Systems Administrator controls database access.

5
BEC

What are the duties of a Systems Programmer?

Writes- Updates- Maintains- & Tests software- systems- and compilers

7
BEC

Which duties should a Systems Programmer NOT have?

In order to maximize internal control- a Systems Programmer should NOT have application programming duties/abilities or be an Operator on the system.

8
BEC

What are the duties of a Systems Operator?

Schedules and Monitors Jobs
Runs IT Help Desk

9
BEC

What duties should a System Operator NOT have?

For internal control purposes- they should not be a Programmer on the system."

10
BEC

If it is not possible to segregate duties in an IT System- what actions should be taken to compensate for internal control purposes?

Include Computer Logs.

Control Group should review the logs.

11
BEC

What is the purpose of a Management Information System (MIS)?

To assist with decision making.

12
BEC

What is an Accounting Information System (AIS)?

A type of Management Information System (MIS) that processes accounting transactions.

13
BEC

What are the characteristics of an Executive Information System (EIS)?

Specialized for Company Executive needs

Assists with Strategy Only

No Decision-Making Capabilities

14
BEC

What are the characteristics of an Expert System (ES)?

Computer uses reasoning

Structured

No human interpretation needed

15
BEC

What are the characteristics of a Decision Support System (DSS)?

Computer provides data

Gives Interactive Support

Human interpretation needed

16
BEC

What are the characteristics of an Ad Hoc computer report?

User initiates the report.

The report is created upon demand.

17
BEC

When are Exception reports generated?

Exception reports are produced when Edit Tests- Check Digits- or Self-Checking Digits identify a problem

18
BEC

What is a query?

A type of Ad Hoc report- initiated by a user.

19
BEC

What is End-User Computing?

The User develops and executes their own application.

20
BEC

What is the primary benefit of E-commerce?

E-commerce makes business transactions easier.

21
BEC

What are the risks of E-commerce?

Compromised data or theft.

Less paper trail for auditors.

22
BEC

What are the benefits of Electronic Data Interchange?

Uses globally-accepted standards

Efficient

23
BEC

What is a File Server?

A file server stores shared programs and documents.

24
BEC

What is the purpose of a Database?

Located on a File Server- a Database allows users to share documents.

25
BEC

What is the purpose of a LAN (Local Area Network)?

It connects computers in close proximity.

26
BEC

What is the purpose of a WAN (Wide Area Network)?

It connects computers that are far apart.

27
BEC

What are the characteristics of a VAN (Value-Added Network)?

Privately-owned Network

Serves as 3rd Party Between 2 Companies

Routes EDI Transactions

Accepts wide range of Protocols

Very Costly

28
BEC

What is the purpose of a Firewall?

Prevents unauthorized access to a network.

29
BEC

What are the characteristics of a virus?

Takes over a computer

Needs a host program to run

30
BEC

What are the characteristics of a computer worm?

Takes over multiple computers

Doesn't need a host program to run

31
BEC

What is the purpose of Automated Equipment Controls?

They prevent and detect hardware errors.

32
BEC

What is RAM?

Random Access Memory.

Internal memory in the computer used during immediate processing.