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Flashcards in Behavioral Science Deck (22):
1

NTs that inhibit aggression

serotonin and GABA
dopamine and NE facilitate aggression

2

violent people have what in their medical history

head injury

3

substances that facilitate aggression

amphetamines, PCP, high dose alcohol, anabolic steroids

4

where are signs of abuse on a pregnant woman?

baby line
breasts & abdomen

5

personality style:
asks for help but then does not comply with the physician's advice

passive-aggressive

6

age infant shows separation anxiety

12-15 months

7

age of social smile

2-3 months

8

When do startle, palmar, Babinski and rooting reflexes typically disappear?

during the first year
Babinski is normal during first 2 years

9

age when stranger anxiety begins

7 months

10

Caused by decreased orexin production
Hallucinations ( hypnagogic going to sleep; hypnopompic post-sleep)
Start off in REM sleep
Cataplexy = loss of all muscle tone after strong emotional stimulus)
Excessive daytime sleepiness

Narcolepsy
Tx: amphetamines, modafinil, nighttime sodium oxybate

11

Overdose can cause delirium and life-threatening CV collapse

Barbiturates

12

Long-acting opioid antagonist used for relapse prevention once detoxified

Naltrexone

13

High potency typical antipsychotics

Trifluoperazine, fluphenazine, haloperidol
Adv: EPS symptoms

14

Low potency antipsychotics

Chlorpromazine
Thioridazine

15

Treatment for EPS

Benztropine
Diphenhydramine

16

Antipsychotics that cause eye changes

Chlorpromazine - corneal deposits
Thioridazine - retinal deposits

17

Atypical antipsychotic with significant side effect requiring weekly monitoring

Clozapine
Causes agranulocytosis. Do WBC weekly

18

Hyperthermia, confusion, myoclonus, cardiovascular collapse
Flushing
Diarrhea
Seizures

Serotonin syndrome
Tx: cyproheptadine (5-HT2 antagonist)

19

All TCAs end in what?

-iptyline or -ipramine
Except doxepin and amoxapine

20

Increases NE and DA by unknown mechanism
Used for smoking cessation

Bupropion

21

Alpha2 antagonist causes increased NE and 5-HT
Potent 5-HT receptor antagonist

Mirtazapine

22

Used primarily for insomnia
Can cause priapism, postural hypotension, sedation

Trazodone