Flashcards in Behavioural, emotional and cognitive characteristics of OCD Deck (4)
Diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- OCD is an anxiety disorder.
- Characterised by DSM-V as a disorder whereby the patient shows repetitive behaviour (compulsions) and obsessive thinking.
- External component as it can be seen by others.
- Compulsions are repetitive actions that are performed to reduce anxiety created by obsessions.
- The person feels they must perform these otherwise something dreadful will happen - increasing anxiety.
- Anxiety levels created by obsessions and compulsive behaviour might become so high that the person might not be able to conduct meaningful interpersonal relationships.
- Some OCD sufferers attempt to reduce anxiety by avoiding situations that may trigger it. E.g those who wash their hands continuously might avoid coming into contact with germs by never emptying bins.
- Obsessions and compulsions are a source of considerable anxiety and distress.
- Sufferers are aware that their OCD is excessive and this causes feelings of embarrassment and shame.
- Might be aware that they cannot consciously control their OCD which leads to feelings of distress.
- Anxiety might be accompanied by low mood and lack of enjoyment.
- Compulsive behaviour brings some relief from anxiety, but this is temporary.
Guilt and disgust:
- Feelings of disgust may be directed against something external like dirt, germs or self.