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Charles Darwin

father of modern science. Developed idea of adaption

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Creationist

one who believes that the universe, the earth, life, and humanity are the product of the creation of an all-powerful god

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Cultural relativism

each culture is unique and relative to itself

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cutlure

learned transmitted behaviour

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Dendrochology

tree-ring dating. The age of the tree can be determined and associated with the site at which it was found

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Ethnology

comparative study of culture

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Ethnography

cultural discription

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Fixidity

Aline with creationalism. Things are fixed in form, no change over time. -Things wiped out and started over again

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Laetoli footprint

Fossil footprint. Supports evolution

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Historical archaeology

study of relatively recent documented periods using material culture as well as text

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Holocene epoch

geological time we are in

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hominid

Our Family
-Any creature believed to be in the direct human line.
-Bipedal locomotion is the single most salient characteristic of the hominids.

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homo sapion sapiens

our biological species. The only surviving Hominid

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insitu

things in place. (artifacts you can not move)

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Law of superposition

stating that in any undisturbed sequence of rocks deposited in layers, the youngest layer is on the top and the oldest layer is on the bottom.
-Each layer being older then the one above it

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Holocene Epoch

the recent and current geological epoch. Followed the pleistocene

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Linguistics

Anthropological study of language

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Lucy

common name of Australopithecus

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Osterdontokratic

The tool kit Australopithecus used. They built out of bone, teeth, and horn.

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Pleistocene epoch

geological epoch beginning about 2.6 million years ago.
-Marked by a succession of colder periods (glacial)

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Prehistoric Archaeology

When we have no written record. Study from material remains

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Primate

our biological order

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Prosimins

first primates

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quarterary period

Period we are currently in, started 2 million years ago

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Radiometric

form of absolute dating, implies you can measure decay

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relative dating

dating developed by comparison

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sexual dimorphism

different size in male and female

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stratigraphy

layers of the earth

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uniformatarism

same events today, happened years ago. We can use today to explain things before

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unilineal evolution

The no longer accepted view that all cultures change or evolve along the same pathway.