Flashcards in Bible: General Deck (22)
How many books are in the Bible? How many in the OT? How many in the NT?
• There are 66 books in the Bible
• There are 39 books in the OT
• There are 27 books in the NT
Where in the OT would you find the Ten Commandments?
• Exodus 20:2-17
• Deuteronomy 5:6-21
Where in the NT would you find the law summarized? (Give two references/Quote one)
• Matthew 7:12 12 So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.
• Matthew 22:37-40 And he said to him, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets."
• Luke 10:27: [Jesus] answered: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind'; and, 'Love your neighbor as yourself.’”
Locate two passages about the revelation of God in nature?
• Psalm 19:1-2 “The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork. 2 Day to day pours out speech, and night to night reveals knowledge.”
• Romans 1:19-20 “For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.”
Name the general divisions of the OT and the books in each.
The Law/Torah, the Prophets, and the Psalms/Writings
• The Law: Gen, Ex, Lev, Num, Deut
• The Prophets: Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, Amos, Hosea, Micah, Isaiah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Obadiah, Joel, Jonah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
• The Writings: Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, the Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Esther, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra-Nehemiah, Daniel
Give a general outline of OT history from the perspective of the covenant, including key passages.
Covenant of Works
• Between God and Adam/Eve in the Garden
Covenant of Redemption
• Among the members of the Trinity
Covenant of Grace
• Adam/Eve (Genesis 3:15, 21)
• Noah (Genesis 9:8-17)
• Abraham (Genesis 15:1-21; 17:1-27)
• Moses (Exodus 19-24, especially 24)
• David (2 Samuel 7:5-16)
• New Covenant (Jeremiah 33:19-22)
Name the general divisions of the NT and the books in each.
• Gospels (4)
• Acts (1)
• Epistles (21)
• Revelation (1)
Which are the ‘Prison Epistles’?
• Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon
Which are the ‘Pastoral Epistles’?
• 1-2 Timothy, Titus
Which are the ‘Catholic’ or ‘General’ Epistles?
• James, 1-2 Peter, 1-3 John, and Jude
What are the distinctive features of each of the four gospels?
• Matthew: Israel’s King or Messiah/Fulfillment of OT/ Jewish leaders/ Jesus’ teaching /Sermon on Mount/Parables of the Kingdom/Olivet Discourse
• Mark: Jesus as Christ and Son of God/Caesarea Philipi moment/Discipleship/Immediately
• Luke: Birth Narrative/Focus on Outcasts/Focus on Women and Gentiles/ Parables of Good Samaritan and Prodigal Son
• John: The Word/Father-Son/Signs/eternal life/ “I am” statements
Locate and discuss at least two passages that deal with law and grace.
- John 1:17 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
- Romans 4:16 16 That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring- not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,
- Romans 6:14-15 14 For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace. 15 What then? Are we to sin because we are not under law but under grace? By no means!
- Galatians 3:13-14 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”— 14 so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promised Spirit through faith.
What are the basic elements found in each of the sermons recorded in Acts?
• Jesus, Lord and Christ- His life/death/resurrection in accordance with Scripture
• Repent/Faith/Baptism/Holy Spirit
Tribes of Israel
Levi (not allotted land)
Types of Offerings
(1) Burnt, (2) Grain, (3) Fellowship (4) Sin, (5) Guilt
- Sabbath: Rest of people and animals (weekly)
- Sabbath Year: Rest for land (yearly)
- Year of Jubilee: Help for poor (50 years)
-Passover: Remember the Exodus
- Unleavened Bread: Remember How
Firstfruits Recognize Lord’s bounty
- Weeks: (Pentecost/Harvest) Show joy and thankfulness over harvest
- Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah): Present Israel before the Lord for His favor
- Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper): Cleans priests and people from sin
- Tabernacles (Booths/Ingathering): Memorialize journey from Egypt to Canaan
- Sacred Assembly Commemorate closing cycle of feasts
- Purim: Remind of national deliverance under Esther
Outline the life of Christ
Infancy of Jesus: Matthew describes the birth of Jesus, the adoration of the Magi, the flight into Egypt, the slaughter of the Holy Innocents, and the return to Nazareth.Luke gives a sketch of the birth, of the adoration of the shepherds, of the circumcision, of the purification of the Virgin, and of the return to Nazareth.
The birth, the adoration of the shepherds, the circumcision, the adoration of the Magi, the purification, the flight into Egypt, the slaughter of the Innocents, the return to Nazareth
Hidden Life: It was in the seclusion of Nazareth that Jesus spent the greatest part of His earthly life. The inspired records are very reticent about this period: Luke, 2:40-52; Mark 6:3; John 6:42; 7:15, are about the only passages which refer to the hidden life.
Public Life: Baptism/Temptations in the Wilderness/Miracles/Teachings/Confrontations
Passion: Last Supper/Garden/Betrayal/Trials/Scourged/Carries Cross/Death/Buried
Name, locate and briefly discuss three of Jesus’ miracles.
- Water to Wine: John 2 (First of John's signs manifesting Christ's glory)
- Healing a Paralytic: Matt 9:2; Mark 2:3; Luke 5:18 (Proved Jesus can forgive sins)
- Raising of Lazarus: John 11:43 (Foreshadows Jesus’ Resurrection)
Name, locate and briefly discuss three of Jesus’ parables.
- Hidden Treasure: Matt. 13:44
- The Good Samaritan: Luke 10:30-37
- Prodigal Son: Luke 15:11-32
- Good Shepherd: John 10:1-16
Give a general outline of OT history, including key dates.
- Creation to the Flood (3900-2245)
- The Flood to the Exodus (2245-1446)
• Abraham (1955)
• Captivity in Egypt (1665)
• Moses (1528)
- The Exodus and the Wilderness (1446-1406)
- The Promised Land and the Nation (1406-)
• Conquest complete (1402)
• The Judges (1368)
• Samuel (1068)
- The Kings (1050)
• David (1042-972 or 1010-970)
- The Divided Kingdom
• Northern Kingdom (722)
• Southern Kingdom (586)
- Return from Babylon (458 or 538 - Mike's Date)
Relate the writing of the Pauline epistles to the life of Paul.
- Conversion (Acts 9): AD 33
- First Missionary Journey (Acts 13-14): AD 46-48 (Galatians from Antioch)
- Second Missionary Journey (Acts 15-18): AD 49-52 (1-2 Thessalonians from Corinth)
- Third Missionary Journey (Acts 18-21): AD 53-57 (1 Corinthians from Ephesus, 2 Corinthians from Macedonia, Romans from Corinth)
- First Roman Imprisonment (Acts 21-28): AD 59-62 (Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon, Philippians)
- Fourth Missionary Journey: AD 62-67 (1 Timothy and Titus from Philippi)
- Second Roman Imprisonment: AD 68 (2 Timothy)