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Flashcards in Bible Test 1/29 Deck (49)
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1

3 universal standards that are denied by postmodernism

logic, rationality, truth

2

Statistical evidence in Europe and US that gives reason for Christians to know about other religions and apologetics

Christian population has decreased while non-Christian and unaffiliated population has increased

3

3 acts of reason

Simple Apprehension, Judgment, Proving/Reasoning

4

Simple Apprehension

Mind "lays hold", what a thing is, not affirming or denying it

5

Judgment

Affirming or denying that the thing apprehended is or will be

6

Proving/Reasoning

Mind moves from known truth to new truth

7

Says that what's good and right for one person isn't necessarily so for another

Relativism

8

Classical vs. Contemporary Tolerance

Classical: putting up with what one takes to be false
Contemporary: Accepting all views as true

9

What does Matthew 7:1 say and does it mean a Christian should be silent on certain issues?

"Judge not, lest you be judged"
No, because Ephesians 4:13 says to speak the truth in love; also John 7:24

10

4 ways to reach a relativist

1. Ask why they hold the view
2. Distinguish between truth and attitude
3. Distinguish between person and belief
4. Emphasize idolatry as building identity on anything not God

11

All things under control of 1 being

Monism

12

World is controlled by 2 opposing supernatural powers of equal strength, reality can be divided into 2 different substances

Dualism

13

One true God of Islam

Allah

14

"Submission"/"submission to Allah"

Islam

15

one who submits to Allah

Muslim

16

Indivisible oneness of God; Allah is one forever separate from creation

Tawhid

17

most serious islamic sin; ascribing any partnerships to God

Shirk

18

Legal system of Islam and the standard of both secular and religious law

Sharia

19

Authoritative but non-binding legal opinion given by mufti (legal scholar)

Fatwa

20

Civil wars caused between 4 caliphs after the death of Muhammad

Fitna

21

Angel

Jinn

22

Declaration (confession of muslim faith)

Shahada

23

The Prayers

Salat

24

The Fast

Sawm

25

The Alms

Zakat

26

The Pilgrimage

Hajj

27

top 5 religions of the world

Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism

28

6 points of divergence between Christianity and other religions

1. Christian God is personal
2. Christ is Savior
3. People have great value
4. History is purposeful and linear
5. Salvation by grace, not works
6. Hope of resurrection

29

Founder of Islam

Muhammad

30

2 publications of Islam

Qur'an, Hadith