Big List - Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Big List - Unit 5 Deck (16):
1

Civil Law

The type of law dealing with the rights and relationships of private citizens.

2

Constitutional Law

The type of law relating to the interpretation of the Constitution.

3

Criminal Law

The type of law dealing with crimes and providing for their punishment.

4

Original Jurisdiction

A court’s authority to hear & decide a case for the first time.

5

Appellate Jurisdiction

A court’s authority to hear a case on appeal.

6

Majority Opinion

The view of the Supreme Court justices who agree with a particular ruling.

7

Concurring Opinion

A Supreme Court opinion by one or more justices who agree with the majority’s conclusion but wish to offer different reasons.

8

Minority Opinion

A Supreme Court opinion by one or more justices who disagree with the majority’s conclusion.

9

Judicial Review

The power of the court’s to establish the constitutionality of national, state or local acts of government, established by Marbury v. Madison.

10

Writ of Mandamus

A court order that commands a government official to take a particular action.

11

Double Jeopardy

the act of bringing a person to trial a second time for the same crime.

12

Eminent Domain

The government’s right to take control of private property for public use.

13

Establishment Clause

The part of the first amendment that prohibits the establishment of a national religion.

14

Exclusionary Rule

The rule that evidence gathered in violation of the Constitution cannot be presented in trial.

15

Indictment

A legal statement charging a person with a crime or other offense.

16

Precedent

A judicial decision that is used as a standard in later similar cases.