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Flashcards in Biochem Deck (36):
0

Water solution that has more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions?

Acid solution

1

Polysaccharide made up if glucose molecules bonded in long chains and is used by animals to store energy

Glycogen

2

Large complex molecules that all contain carbon, hydrogen, and usually oxygen

Organic compounds

3

Chemical bond invoking equal sharing of electron pairs

Covalent bond

4

Tendency for atoms to gain lose or share electrons so it's outermost energy level has 8 electrons

Octet rule

5

Type of triglyceride that contains less than Max number of hydrogen atoms die to double covalent bonding

Unsaturated fat\oil

6

Portion dissolved

Solute

7

Type of carbohydrate that is polysaccharide and is used by plants to store food for a rainy day

Starch

8

Atom that gains or looses electrons

Ion

9

Nucleic acid stores genetic code for heredity

DNA

10

Type of carbohydrate that can be used got immediate energy

Monosaccharide

11

Proteins are made up of long strings if peptide bonded molecules called

Amino acids

12

Organic Compounds that include triglycerides, phospholipids, steroids, vitamins, waxes and cholesterol which are classified based on insolubility in water

Lipids

13

Carbohydrate formed by many monosaccharides covalently bonded together into long chains

Polysaccharides

14

Substance acted upon by enzyme during reaction

Substrate

15

Example of disaccharide

Sucrose or lactose

16

Example of monosaccharide

Glucose or fructose

17

A carbohydrate that is a polysaccharide and is used by plants for structural support

Cellulose

18

DNA and RNA belong to what group of organic compounds?

Nucleic acids

19

Splitting of polysaccharide into monosaccharides using addition of water molecule

Hydrolysis reaction

20

Type of organic molecule insoluble in water

Lipid

21

Attachment of bonding arrangement shown by

Structural formula

22

The atom carbon has a tendency to make how many covalent bonds to reach octet rule

4

23

Liquid portion of solution

Solvent

24

Used to illustrate proton neutron and electron configurations

Bohr model

25

6.9 ph?

Acid

26

Smallest subdivision of element that still retains properties

Atom

27

Smallest subdivision of compound that still retains properties

Molecules

28

Type of covalent bond why describes linking of amino acids to proteins

Peptide bond

29

Ph 7?

Neutral solution

30

Weak bonds b/to atoms of opposite charges due to loss or gain of e-

Ionic bonds

31

Type of carbohydrate made up of two covalently bonded monosaccharides

Disaccharide

32

Macromolecules made up of nucleotides that consist of nitrogen bases, 5-carbon pentose sugars, and phosphate groups

Nucleic Acids

33

Carbohydrate that is a polysaccharide and is used by insects as protective exoskeleton

Chitin

34

Weak bonds among polar molecules

Hydrogen bonds

35

Form of covalent bond where there is unequal sharing of electron pairs creating polar molecule

Polar covalent