Biochem 2 Wk 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biochem 2 Wk 2 Deck (48)
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1


Compound

Carbonyl

2

Name the three energy systems

ATP - PC (Phosphagen and Creatine Phosphate Systems)

Glycolysis (Anerobic)

Aerobic System (Krebs and Electron transport)

3

ATP-PC System synopsis (3 facts)

Coupled Reaction Fast replacement

Short duration (5-10 sec)

Predominates in short explosive activity

4

ATP-PC Key enzyme

Creatine Kinase

5

ATP-PC Reactants

ADP, AMP, Pi

6

ATP-PC Products

ATP

7

Glycolysis Products

ATP, NADH, pyruvate, lactic acid alaninne

8

Glycolysis Reactants


Glucose, ADP, AMP, Pi

9


Glycolysis Key Enzymes

Hexokinase

Phosphofructokinase (PFK)

Pyruvate Kinase

10


Oxidation is

the addition of oxygen, removal of hydrogen, or the removal of electrons from an element or compound

11

Reduction is

the removal of oxygen, addition of hydrogen, or the addition of electrons from an element or compound

12


Aerobic System Location

Krebs - cytosol

ETC - mitochondria

13

Aerobic Pathway Reactants

Fat, Carb, Protein

ADP, AMP, Pi, Acetyl, Citrate, NAD, FAD

14

Aerobic Pathway Key enzyme


Dehydrogenases

15


Carb Storage amounts in muscles and liver:


300-400g in body

70-100g in liver

16

Fat store amount for 70kg male


100,000 kcal triglycerides

17

Free amino acid pool size:


100-200g

less than 2% of total body protein (12kg)

1/2 of free poll in intracellular skeletal muscle

18

Respritory Quotent (RQ) definition

Ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide expired to the volume of oxygen consumed.

19

Respritory quotent of 1 means


the body is burning pure carbs

20

A respritory quotent of .71 means


the body is burning pure fat

21

At rest the body burns ___ % fat


70%

22

During exercise the body burns ___% fat


50%

23


Percent VO2 max range of highest fat burning:


~55-75%

24

High RQ means the muscles are being  exercised T/F


True

25

Compound

Aldehyde

26


Compound

Keytone

27

COOH or

Carboxyl

28

Compound

Ester

29

Compound

OH

Hydroxyl

30

Compound

MH3

Methyl