Biochemical Profiles Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biochemical Profiles Pt. 1 Deck (43)
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1

how do we know if bilirubin is conjugated or not?

in urine= conjugated

Not in urine= unconjugated

2

what are symptoms of hypoglycemia

sweating
hunger
trembling
anxiety
confusion
blurred vision

3

FBG level of 70-99 means

normal

4

FBG 100-126

prediabetic

5

FBG greater than 126

Diabetic

6

If diabetes is suspected in borderline cases do a ________ test

A1c test

7

OGTT is used for diagnosing

diabetes
usually 2 hr test

8

If a patient has a low A1c test that indicates

a low likelihood of diabetes. normal range is 4-6%

9

when do we test for gestational diabetes

24-28 weeks

10

who is more likely to have hypglycemia?

diabetic patient

11

what is reactive hypoglycemia

aka postprandial, occurs within 4 hrs after meals less than 70

12

Fasting hypoglycemia is

postabsorptive, related to disease and various medications less than 50

13

whipples triad is likely caused by

hypoglycemia, relief of sympotms when glucose is raised

14

Bun testing measures what

amount of urea nitrogen in the blood

15

Azotemia means

elevated blood levels of BUN

16

BUN test tells us function of what structures

metabolic function of liver and excretory function of the kidneys

17

what two tests indicate kidney function

BUN and Creatinine

18

whats a better indicator of renal disease BUN or creatinine

Creatinine

19

Gout of the big toe is aka

Podagra

20

Proteins are increased in what disease

MM

21

albumin is a measure of

liver function

22

True or False
If the albumin is low and globulins are high then the total proteins maybe normal

TRUE

23

If you have a reversed A/G ratio we should think

MM

24

The A/G ration should normally be

exceeding 1.0

25

Bilirubin measure the exrcretory function of the

liver

26

when conjugated bilirubin is increased it is highly specific for what disease

of the liver/bile ducts

27

ALP is important when testing for

liver and bone disorders

28

what are the 3 causes of Chondrocalcinosis

DJD
Primary CPPD
Cation disease

29

PAP levels are used to determine

diagnosing prostate cancer, and monitoring treatment

30

what is the most sensitive test for Prostate cancer

PSA, higher the number the worse the cancer