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1. CLASP Alcohol > Biochemistry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biochemistry Deck (11)
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1

How does alcoholism affect the pancreas?

presents with episodes of acute pancreatitis

2

How does alcoholism affect glucose levels?

makes the body hypoglyceamic

3

What tests can distinguish between chronic alcoholism or not?

MCV (higher if chronic)
triglycerides (increased synthesis if chronic)
GGT (marker of chonic alcohol intake)

4

How does alcohol affect red blood cells?

stops their maturation

5

What does high MCV indicate?

lots of immature RBC so lots of alcohol

6

What is the formula for serum osmolarity?

2 x [Na]

7

What is an Osmolal gap?

difference in measured osmolarity and the osmolarity the patient should have

8

What is Ethylene glycol found in?

anti freeze

9

What indicates an upper GI bleed?

high urea

10

Where is ALP found?

liver (bile canaliculi)
small intestine (epithelium)
kidneys (proximal tubules)
placenta
bone (osteoblasts)

11

Where is GGT found?

cell membranes of bile ducts
found in liver, kidneys, prostate