Flashcards in Biochemistry Deck (11)
How does alcoholism affect the pancreas?
presents with episodes of acute pancreatitis
How does alcoholism affect glucose levels?
makes the body hypoglyceamic
What tests can distinguish between chronic alcoholism or not?
MCV (higher if chronic)
triglycerides (increased synthesis if chronic)
GGT (marker of chonic alcohol intake)
How does alcohol affect red blood cells?
stops their maturation
What does high MCV indicate?
lots of immature RBC so lots of alcohol
What is the formula for serum osmolarity?
2 x [Na]
What is an Osmolal gap?
difference in measured osmolarity and the osmolarity the patient should have
What is Ethylene glycol found in?
What indicates an upper GI bleed?
Where is ALP found?
liver (bile canaliculi)
small intestine (epithelium)
kidneys (proximal tubules)