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Flashcards in Biological Molecules and Supplementary Information Deck (10)
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1

Why are functional groups important?

Because each functional group imparts specific chemical properties

2

What are macromolecules?

Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleus acids

3

What does 'monosaccharides' mean?

Single 'simple' sugars

4

What are disaccharides?

Double sugars that consists of two monosaccharides, which are joined dehydration synthesis

5

What is dehydration synthesis?

Condensation reaction

6

What are polysaccharides?

Chains of monosaccharides; they consist many monomer sugars

7

What is Chitin?

The exoskeleton and surgical thread that are found on the outside surface of various insects

8

What are the functions of Carbohydrates?

- Energy source
- Energy storage
- Structural support
- Transport energy source
- Cell surface signals, immune response, cell-cell recognition

9

What are Trans Fats?

Partially hydrogenated oils; triglycerides, naturally unsaturated fatty acid tails have been chemically altered to be more saturated by adding Hydrogen atoms

10

Why are Trans Fats unhealthy?

They are associated with:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Reduction of membrane integrity
- Free radical damage