What is Eustress?
stress that improves health and function
Where is the limbic system?
It rings the thalamus
What is the James Lange Theory?
An emotional stimuli is interpreted by the cortex which triggers an experience depending on the feedback from the ANS and somatic nervous system
What is the Cannon-Bard Theory?
Emotional stimuli have two independent excitatory effects
Lesions to which area of the brain prevent fear conditioning?
bilateral lesions to the medial geniculate nucleus
Which part of the brain is involved in contextual fear?
Why is the hippocampus thought to be involved with contextual fear?
Because it is involved in spatial memory
Which part of the brain is active during reappraisal and suppression paradigms?
medial prefrontal lobes
What are the medial prefrontal lobed linked to?
what are the effects of stress on the hippocampus mediated by?
elevated glucocorticoid levels
What are glucocorticoid levels mediate by?
induced by corticosterone and blocked by adrenalectomy
What is psychoneuroimmunology?
psychology + nervous system + immune system
What do stresses stimulate in order to trigger glucocorticoids?
which are of the brain is activated by stress?
anterior pituitary adrenal cortex
What does the adrenal medulla increase?
nephrite and norepinephrine
what does cytokines cause?
inflammation, fever and peptide hormones
What is the Kluver-Bucy Syndrome?
results from amygdala damage or the removal of anterior temporal lobes
Increase sex drive with anything, consumption of anything edible and lack of fear are symptoms of what syndrome?
what does the zygomaticus major control?
the lip muscles
what does the orbicularis oculi control?
muscles near the eye
What is the Duchenne Smile?
A genuine smile, only genuine smiles cause the orbicularis oculi muscles to be used
what kind of process is the Cannaon- Bard theory?
What did Bard’s research of sham rage lead him to conclude?
that the hypothalamus and adjoining structures play critical roles in the expression of emotion
What is a causal factor in gastric ulcers?
What do macrophages participate in?
the cell-mediated immune reaction
what is the innate immune system?
the first component in the immune system which reacts quickly
what is subordination stress?
when conspecific threat becomes an enduring feature of daily life- dominance hierarchy
what is a reappraisal paradigm?
participants are instructed to reinterpret a picture to change their emotional reaction to it
what are suppression paradigms?
participants are directed to inhibit their emotional reactions to unpleasant films or pictures
what is intraspecific defence?
defence against social aggression
what is predatory aggression?
stalking or killing with the intent of eating the target
What is target site concept?
the idea that any type of aggression is aimed at a specific site on the body