Biotechnology (Chapter 7) Flashcards Preview

Biology > Biotechnology (Chapter 7) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biotechnology (Chapter 7) Deck (36):
0

What are the crops that are often used in artificial cloning?

Bananas and Irish potatoes

1

A field of artificially cloned sweet potatoes would be _____ reproduced.

Asexually

2

Which of these is not a potential problem with gene therapy?

A) it is short duration
B) Viral vectors may lead to infection
C) Human embryos must be destroyed for gene therapy
D) Some diseases are caused by multiple gene interaction

C) Human embryos must be destroyed for gene therapy

3

A vineyard of seedless grapes is_____.

An artificial clone

4

_____ DNA is DNA that has been formed by placing two pieces of DNA from different sources together

Recombinant

5

True or False

Embryonic stem cells cannot be obtained without the destruction of an embryo.

True

6

True or False

One goal of gene therapy is to replace a malfunction gene with one that functions properly.

True

7

True or False

The charge given to Adam in Genesis 1:28 is sometimes called the Dominion mandate.

True

8

True or False

The goal of therapeutic cloning is to provide a baby for a couple who desires one.

False

9

True or False

The work of the Human Genome project revealed that vast amounts of the human are junk DNA that is essentially useless.

False

10

True or False

Genetic engineering is the manipulation of chromosomes or gene by an artificial means.

True

11

True or False

Genetic engendering can involve a single gene being taken from one genome and plugged into another genome.

True

12

The first successfully cloned mammal, Dolly was a_______.

Sheep

13

The use if living organisms to create products or to facilitate the production of products is________.

Biotechnology

14

What do we call an agent that is used to carry a new gene from one organism to another during genetic engineering?

vector

15

In 2003 scientist reviewed that they had discovered every human gene.
This was called________.

The Human genome project

16

The semantic cell nuclear transfer is used in what?

cloning

17

True or False

Taking a leaf from a plant and making it grow into a new plant is an example of cloning.

True

18

True or False

Scientific cell nuclear transfer is an example of cloning.

True

19

Which old testament person used selective breeding?

Jacob

20

What type of clone is a vineyard yard of seedless grapes?

Artificial cloning

21

What DNA is used to produce incline bacteria?

Recombinant

22

What has been suggested for future spinal cord injuries?

Stem cell research

23

What type of cell has been specialized to perform a particular function?

differentiated

24

A small circular piece of DNA or bacteria is called_______.

Plasmid

25

Genesis 9:6 (Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.) could be used to oppose what?

embryonic stem cell research

26

What important body chemical has been massed produced by genetic engineering?

insulin

27

Artificially cloned potatoes used what for of reproduction?

asexually

28

what is a genetic modified substance that is usually found in your wardrobe.

Cotton

29

Embryonic stem cells cannot be obtained without the destruction of_____.

embryos

30

What is the group of organisms with an identical genetic makeup?

clones

31

What is the manipulation of gens or chromosomes artificially?

genetic engineering

32

The use of living organisms to create products is known as what?

biotechnology

33

What involves a single gene taken from one genome and being from one genome and being placed into another genome?

genetic engineering

34

The complete record of an entire species genes is called its_______.

genome

35

RFLP is used to create what?

DNA finer printing.