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Flashcards in Block 1 and 2 Deck (45):
1

Required Certificates and their duration

student pilot certificate 60 months if under 40 otherwise 24 months

Medical certificate 60 months if under 40 otherwise 24 months

other pilot certificates don't have an expiration date

2

Limitations as a Student Pilot

no passengers, not for hire, no international, 3 miles day 5 miles night, visual surface reference required, logbook limitations, cannot be a required pilot

3

Required Documents

A - Airworthiness
R - Registration
R - Radio license (only for international)
O - Operating Handbook
W - Weight and Balance

4

Required pre-flight actions

runway lengths at intended airports and airplane flight manual with takeoff and landing distances required

5

Air Speed Markings - White Arc

Full Flap Operating Range

6

Air Speed Markings - Green Arc

Normal Operating Range

7

Air Speed Markings - Yellow Arc

Vno Operations in smooth air and with caution

8

Air Speed Markings - Red Line

Vne Maximum Speed

9

Vs0

Stalling Speed in landing configuration at the most forward COG

10

Vs

Stalling Speed

11

Vfe

Maximum Flap Extended Speed

85 110

12

Vno

Maximum structural cruising speed - go above only in smooth air with caution

127

13

Vne

Never Exceed Speed

158

14

Va

Maneuvering Speed - Max for abrupt controls movement

2400 99
2000 92
1600 82

15

Vx

Best angle of climb - altitude over distance

16

Vy

Best rate of clime - altitude over time

17

Max/Min Oil Level

8/5 (6 at OSU)

18

OSU Fuel Reserves

1. Local – aircraft must have at least two hours* of fuel prior to departure for a one hour only local flight. Minimum landing fuel will be one hour* reserve.
2. Cross-country – there must be at least two hours* reserve at each point of landing.

19

OSU X-Wind

Dual -
0-20degrees - 30kts
20-60degrees - 30kts
60-90degrees - 30kts

Solo -
0-20degrees - 20kts
20-60degrees - 10kts
60-90degrees - 5kts

20

Fuel Capacity Cessna 172

Standard Tanks - 43G 40G Usable
Long Range Tanks - 54G 50G Usable
Integral Tanks - 68G 62G Usable

21

How an engine produces power

4 stroke -
Intake - draws fuel and air in
Compression - piston compresses air fuel mixture
Power - electric spark ignites fuel air mixture expanding to push piston up
Exhaust - piston compresses to expel remnants

22

Fuel Burn Cessna 172

8.5 GPH @ 75%
7.8GPH @ 70%

23

Cool an overheating engine

Increase airspeed (Descend)
Decrease RPM

24

Leaving an airplane unattended (OSU)

1) Control locks will be in place
2) aircraft must be secured by wing and tail tie downs
3) flaps placed in the retracted position.

25

Indications of Carb Ice

Loss of RPM
Apply Carb Heat

26

Penalty of Carb Heat

Loss of RPM

27

Flap Operating Range Cessna 172

33-85 KIAS

28

Left Turning Tendencies

All four left-turning factors are greatest when the airplane is at full power and low airspeed.

Torque Reaction
Slip Stream
Precession
P Factor

29

Torque Reaction

The torque of the engine causes a left rolling tendency. For each and every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. As viewed from the cockpit, the crankshaft on an American-made engine rotates clockwise. The opposite reaction is for the airframe to roll to the left.

30

Slip Stream

The propeller propels air currents around and about the airframe in a clockwise direction (as viewed from the rear). The airstream strikes the left side of the vertical stabilizer and rudder, yawing the nose of the airplane to the left.

31

Precession

Gyroscopic precession from the rotation of the crankshaft and propeller causes the airplane to yaw to the left.

32

P Factor

In nose high attitudes, a left-turning tendency results from the fact that the descending propeller blade takes a bigger bite out of the air than does the ascending blade, which is on the left. This P-factor adds to the left-turning tendency when the airplane is in a nose-high attitude.

33

Indicated Altitude

Altitude presented on altimeter adjusted for atmospheric pressure

34

True Altitude

Height above Mean Sea Level (MSL)

35

Absolute Altitude

Altitude above ground level (varies with ground height)

36

Pressure Altitude

29.92 used above 18000 ft

37

Density Altitude

Used to determine the air density deviations from standard temperature

38

Gyroscopic Instruments

Attitude Indicator
Directional/Heading Indicator

39

Pitot/Static Instruments

Air Speed (Pitot and Static)
Vertical Speed (Static)
Altimeter (Static)

40

OSU Tower Frequency

118.8

41

OSU Ground Frequency

121.7

42

OSU ATIS Frequency

121.35

43

OSU Practice Area Frequency

122.75

44

Arrival for runways lower than 20

1) Report over or West of O'Shaughnessy Dam: advise Tower of intentions; either full stop or touch-and-go (closed traffic).
2) Tower will instruct OSU traffic to enter left base for 09L or 09R, as appropriate.
3) Proceed South from O’Shaughnessy so as to remain over or West of the Scioto River.

45

Arrival for runways higher than 20

1. Report over or near the town of Powell (Race Track): advise Tower of intentions; either full stop or touch-and-go (closed traffic).
2. Tower will instruct OSU traffic to enter right base for 27L or 27R, as appropriate.
3. Proceed Southeast from Powell so as to fly right base over the Olentangy Freeway (Route 315).
4. Tower will sequence and clear traffic for 27L or 27R.
5. Runways 32 and 23 may also be used as part of this arrival procedure depending on wind and traffic