Flashcards in Block 1 and 2 Deck (45):
Required Certificates and their duration
student pilot certificate 60 months if under 40 otherwise 24 months
Medical certificate 60 months if under 40 otherwise 24 months
other pilot certificates don't have an expiration date
Limitations as a Student Pilot
no passengers, not for hire, no international, 3 miles day 5 miles night, visual surface reference required, logbook limitations, cannot be a required pilot
A - Airworthiness
R - Registration
R - Radio license (only for international)
O - Operating Handbook
W - Weight and Balance
Required pre-flight actions
runway lengths at intended airports and airplane flight manual with takeoff and landing distances required
Air Speed Markings - White Arc
Full Flap Operating Range
Air Speed Markings - Green Arc
Normal Operating Range
Air Speed Markings - Yellow Arc
Vno Operations in smooth air and with caution
Air Speed Markings - Red Line
Vne Maximum Speed
Stalling Speed in landing configuration at the most forward COG
Maximum Flap Extended Speed
Maximum structural cruising speed - go above only in smooth air with caution
Never Exceed Speed
Maneuvering Speed - Max for abrupt controls movement
Best angle of climb - altitude over distance
Best rate of clime - altitude over time
Max/Min Oil Level
8/5 (6 at OSU)
OSU Fuel Reserves
1. Local – aircraft must have at least two hours* of fuel prior to departure for a one hour only local flight. Minimum landing fuel will be one hour* reserve.
2. Cross-country – there must be at least two hours* reserve at each point of landing.
0-20degrees - 30kts
20-60degrees - 30kts
60-90degrees - 30kts
0-20degrees - 20kts
20-60degrees - 10kts
60-90degrees - 5kts
Fuel Capacity Cessna 172
Standard Tanks - 43G 40G Usable
Long Range Tanks - 54G 50G Usable
Integral Tanks - 68G 62G Usable
How an engine produces power
4 stroke -
Intake - draws fuel and air in
Compression - piston compresses air fuel mixture
Power - electric spark ignites fuel air mixture expanding to push piston up
Exhaust - piston compresses to expel remnants
Fuel Burn Cessna 172
8.5 GPH @ 75%
7.8GPH @ 70%
Cool an overheating engine
Increase airspeed (Descend)
Leaving an airplane unattended (OSU)
1) Control locks will be in place
2) aircraft must be secured by wing and tail tie downs
3) flaps placed in the retracted position.
Indications of Carb Ice
Loss of RPM
Apply Carb Heat
Penalty of Carb Heat
Loss of RPM
Flap Operating Range Cessna 172
Left Turning Tendencies
All four left-turning factors are greatest when the airplane is at full power and low airspeed.
The torque of the engine causes a left rolling tendency. For each and every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. As viewed from the cockpit, the crankshaft on an American-made engine rotates clockwise. The opposite reaction is for the airframe to roll to the left.
The propeller propels air currents around and about the airframe in a clockwise direction (as viewed from the rear). The airstream strikes the left side of the vertical stabilizer and rudder, yawing the nose of the airplane to the left.
Gyroscopic precession from the rotation of the crankshaft and propeller causes the airplane to yaw to the left.
In nose high attitudes, a left-turning tendency results from the fact that the descending propeller blade takes a bigger bite out of the air than does the ascending blade, which is on the left. This P-factor adds to the left-turning tendency when the airplane is in a nose-high attitude.
Altitude presented on altimeter adjusted for atmospheric pressure
Height above Mean Sea Level (MSL)
Altitude above ground level (varies with ground height)
29.92 used above 18000 ft
Used to determine the air density deviations from standard temperature
Air Speed (Pitot and Static)
Vertical Speed (Static)
OSU Tower Frequency
OSU Ground Frequency
OSU ATIS Frequency
OSU Practice Area Frequency
Arrival for runways lower than 20
1) Report over or West of O'Shaughnessy Dam: advise Tower of intentions; either full stop or touch-and-go (closed traffic).
2) Tower will instruct OSU traffic to enter left base for 09L or 09R, as appropriate.
3) Proceed South from O’Shaughnessy so as to remain over or West of the Scioto River.