Block 1: Connective Tissue, Cartilage Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Block 1: Connective Tissue, Cartilage Deck (81)
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1

Which of the following is NOT primarily composed of connective tissue?
-blood
-bone
-tendon
-intervertebral disc
-myometreum

Myometreum

2

what is the myometruem composed of

muscular tissue

3

Which connective tissue cell types contain properties of smooth muscle cells?
-fibroblast
-myofibroblast
-plasma cells
-mast cell

myofibroblast

4

what contains properties of both fibroblasts and smooth muscles cells

myofibroblast

5

Which cell is a connective tissue macrophage?
a. Kupffer cells
b. Histiocyte
c. Dust cell
d. Langerhans cell
e. Microglia

histiocyte

6

Which of the following can be classified as "specialized connective tissue"?
a. Mesenchyme
b. Mucous connective tissue
c. Dense connective tissue
d. Blood
e. Loose connective tissue

Blood

7

Which of the following can be classified as "embryonic connective tissue"?
a. Cartilage
b. Mucous connective tissue
d. Adipose tissue
d. Bone
e. Blood

Mucous connective tissue

8

embryonic connective tissue contains what

mesenchym and mucous connective tissue

9

What type of tissue makes up the dermis of the skin?
a. Mucous connective tissue
b. Mesenchyme
c. Loose irregular connective tissue
d. Dense irregular connective tissue
e. Dense regular connective tissue

Dense irregular tissue

10

What type of adipose tissue tends to increase as humans age?
a. Brown adipose tissue
b. White adipose tissue
c. Unilocular adipose tissue
d. Multilocular adipose tissue
e. Both b and c

white adipose tissue and unilocular adipose tissue

11

which tissue is multilocular adipose tissue

brown adipose tissue

12

Which of the following would be best suited to differentiate collagen fibers from other fibers?
a. Wright's stain
b. Hematoxylin and eosin stain
c. Sudan stain
d. Silver impregnation
e. Masson's trichrome stain

Mason's trichrome stain

13

lipids are best visible in what stain

sudan stain

14

what is good for reticular stain

silver impregnation

15

What is the connective tissue covering which surrounds cartilage?
a. Perimysium
b. Periosteum
c. Perichondrium
d. Perineurium
e. Endosteum

perichondrium

16

Where does cartilage come from?
a. Ectoderm
b. Endoderm
c. Mesenchyme
d. Connective tissue
e. None of the above

mesenchyme

17

What is the mature cell in cartilage called?
a. Chondrocyte
b. Chondroblast
c. Osteocyte
d. Osteoclast
e. Bone lining cell

chondrocyte

18

Regarding the blood supply to cartilage:a. Cartilage has minimal circulationb. Cartilage has a duel circulationc. Cartilage is highly vasculard. Cartilage is avasculare. There is nothing unique about the blood supply to cartilage

cartilage is avascualr

19

Which type of cartilage is characterized by the presence of thick bundles of collagen fibers?
a. Hyaline cartilage
b. Elastic cartilage
c. Fibrocartilage
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

fibrocartilage

20

What percent of the matrix of cartilage is water?
a. 0
b. 10-40
c. 40-60
d. 60-80
e. 80-100

60-80

21

Which type of cartilage forms the epiphyseal growth plate?
a. Hyaline cartilage
b. Elastic cartilage
c. Fibrocartilage
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

hyaline cartilage

22

What type of tissue makes up the rings of the trachea?a. Hyaline cartilageb. Fibrocartilagec. Elastic cartilaged. Both a and be. Both a and c

hyaline cartilage

23

What type of tissue makes up the epiglottis?
a. Hyaline cartilage
b. Fibrocartilage
c. Elastic cartilage
d. Both a and b
e. Both a and c

elastic tissue

24

Which type of cartilage is present in the temporomandibular joint?
a. Hyaline cartilage
b. Elastic cartilage
c. Fibrocartilage
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

fibrocartilage

25

What structure is called yellow cartilage?
a. Hyaline cartilage
b. Elastic cartilage
c. Fibrocartilage
d. Compact bone
e. Spongy bone

elastic cartilage

26

What cell produces the cartilaginous matrix?a. Chondrocyteb. Chondroblastc. Osteocyted. Osteoclaste. Bone lining cell

chondroblast

27

Which type of cartilage is found in the larynx?
a. Hyaline cartilage
b. Elastic cartilage
c. Fibrocartilage
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above

hyaline and elastic cartilage

28

Which of the following is NOT a glycosaminoglycan in cartilage?a. Chondroitin sulfateb. Proteoglycansc. Keratan sulfated. Hyaluronic acide. All of the above are glycosaminoglycans in cartilage

proteoglycans

29

Which type of cartilage is characterized by a glassy matrix?a. Hyaline cartilageb. Elastic cartilagec. Fibrocartilaged. All of the abovee. None of the above

hyaline cartilage

30

Which cartilage has thick bundles of collagen fibers in the matrix

fibrocartilage