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Flashcards in Block 2 Deck (76)
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1

Which structure, with the neck of the condyle forms the sigmoid notch?

The coronoid process

2

What is the pulse rate of a patient following a cardiac arrest?

None

3

What is angular cheilitis?

Inflammation of the corners of the mouth

4

What is the side effect of Xerostomia (dry mouth)?

Higher risk of dental caries

5

What does the Zygonatic arch form?

Cheek bones

6

What causes insulin deficiency?

Insufficient production of the hormone insulin by the pancreas

7

What are the first signs of an anaphylactic shock?

Swelling

8

Which tooth is notation 23 in the FDI charting system?

Upper left permanent canine

9

Which is the most common factor to the occurrence of apthous ulcers?

Stress

10

Which condition is more prevalent in an elderly patient?

Gingival recession

11

A BPE code 4 indicates:

Pocket present deeper than 5.5mm

12

The predisposing factors of acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis are:

Stress and heavy smoking

13

For consent to be valid it must be:

Informed

14

Which act gives the dental nurse a duty of care to ensure immunity is maintained?

The health and safety at work act 1974

15

Inflammation of the tongue is also known as:

Glossitis

16

What microorganism is involved with herpes simplex?

Virus

17

Which of the following is pre malignant?
Viral infection
Herpetic ulcerations
Abscess
Leukoplakia

Leukoplakia

18

What medical condition can affect the periodontal tissue?

Diabetes

19

What effect is often seen in patients who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?

Poor wound healing

20

Which of the following options is the tissue where a squamous cell carcinoma is more likely to be seen?
Gingival
Deciduous teeth
Floor of the mouth
Lymph nodes

Gingival

21

What is it called when a child can give consent?

Gillick competence

22

What does CPITN stand for?

Community periodontitis Index of Treatment Needs

23

What is the name of the triangular piece of tissue between adjacent teeth?

Interdental papilla

24

What medicine is used to treat ANUG?

Metronidazole

25

What is the position of the parotid salivary gland?

Between the ramus of the mandible and the ear

26

What does code 3 stand for on a BPE chart?

Pocket present up to 5.5mm

27

What type of material is alginate?

Irreversible hydro-colloid

28

What deciduous tooth is notation 65 in FDI charting?

Upper left second molar

29

What is the first sign of respiratory arrest?

Wheezing

30

A patient with a red, cracked and crusty skin at the corners of the mouth has what condition?

Angular chelitis

31

Where does gaseous exchange occur?

Alveoli

32

Which nerve supplies sensation to all lower teeth?

Inferior dental nerve

33

What lies beneath dentine?

Pulp

34

What orthodontic device specifically uses the oral musculature to allow controlled movement of the mandible?

Functional appliance

35

What is the drug Epanutin used to treat?

Epilepsy

36

Calculus formation occurs as a result of an accumlation of what?

Plaque and saliva

37

An ulcer with a raised, rolled and hardened edge would indicate what medical condition?

Oral cancer

38

Which of the following emergency drugs must be administered intramuscular rather than orally?
Hydrocortisone
Glyceryl trinitrate
Salbutamol
Aspirin

Hydrocortisone

39

Which condition is more prevalent in elderly patients?

Root surface caries

40

What is the drug glyceryltrinitrate used for?

Angina

41

What condition is managed by the use of acyclovir?

Herpes Simplex

42

What is a cancerous lesion called?

Squamous cell carcinoma

43

What type of drug is epanutin?

Anticonvulsant

44

Which vessel supplies blood to the head and neck?

Cartoid artery

45

What articulates with the head of the condyle to form the temporomandibular joint?

Sigmoid notch

46

Corticosteroids are prescribed to treat what?

Arthritis

47

Informed consent must be:

Sufficient

48

What may indicate gingivitis?

False pockets

49

Enamel is composed of:

Prisms

50

What 2 actions should be taken for an unconscious patient having a stroke?

Put in a horizontal position and secure and check airway

51

Grade 2 tooth mobility is:

Side to side movement more than 2mm

52

What often occurs in older patients due to age related changes to their teeth?

Root curvature

53

The vertical distance between the incisal edge of the upper and lower anterior teeth is known as:

Overbite

54

A BPE code 2 means:

Calculus detected

55

What is the function of the temporal muscle?

Pulls the mandible backwards to close the mouth

56

Where is the master muscle located?

The outer surface of the zygomatic arch

57

The main function of the masseter muscle is to:

Close the mandible

58

Which of the following is the consequence of advanced periodontal disease?
False pocket
Mobility
True pocket
Apical Abscess

Mobility

59

Which structure are the gingival fibres attached to?

Lamina dura

60

Which nerve supples the upper anterior teeth?

Superior anterior nerve

61

What is the largest cranial nerve?

Trigeminal

62

What is the V cranial nerve called?

Trigeminal

63

What is the natural ph within the mouth?

7.0

64

The heart is a muscular pumping organ, situated in the thoracic cavity. Which one of the following options is the most likely blood vessel through which the left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs?
Aorta
Inferior vena cava
Pulmonary artery
Pulmonary vein
Superior vena cava

Pulmonary vein.
The pulmonary vein is the only vein in the body to carry oxygenated blood.

65

An anatomical feature is found specifically in larger veins, to prevent the backflow of blood. Which of the following options is this feature?
Muscular walls
Rich blood supply
Thick elastic layer
Thin endothelium
Valves

Valves.
Larger veins contain one-way valves along their inner walls, so that the blood can flow in one direction only.

66

A patient has recently been diagnosed with bronchitis and can no longer undergo treatment under inhalation sedation. What effect does this condition have on the bronchi?

inflammation.

67

The correct recognition of a medical emergency is achieved by identifying the signs and symptoms present. Which of the following signs will occur during anaphylactic shock?
Cyanosis
Grey pallor
Hypotension
Hypoxia
Weak pulse

Hypotension.
The casualty experiences a catastrophic fall in blood pressure during this medical emergency.

68

The temporomandibular joint is surrounded by several pairs of muscles that allow chewing movements to occur. Contraction of which of the following allows the mandible to bite forwards, onto the incisal tooth edges?
Buccinator
Lateral pterygoid
Masseter
Medial pterygoid
Temporalis

Lateral pterygoid

69

A patient attends for extraction of the upper left canine tooth under local anaesthesia. Which of the following nerve pairs require anaesthetising to carry out this procedure?
Anterior superior dental and greater palatine
Anterior superior dental and long buccal
Anterior superior dental and nasopalatine
Middle superior dental and greater palatine
Middle superior dental and nasopalatine

Anterior superior dental and nasopalatine.
These two nerves supply the anterior segment of the maxilla.

70

The foramen magnum is a bony hole in the cranium that allows the exit of the spinal cord into the cervical vertebrae. In which bone is the foramen situated?
Frontal bone
Occipital bone
Parietal bone
Sphenoid bone
Temporal bone

Occipital bone

71

The cranium is made up of several bony plates that create a large cavity to enclose the brain. Which bone forms the anterior base of this cavity?
Frontal bone
Occipital bone
Parietal bone
Sphenoid bone
Temporal bone

Sphenoid bone

72

Teeth are made up of various layers of tissue, many of which are composed of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals. Which tooth tissue layer also contains hollow tubes?
Amelodentinal junction
Cementum
Dentine
Enamel
Pulp

Dentine

73

How many roots and cusps does an upper permanent second molar have?

Three roots and four cusps.

74

How many roots and cusps does an upper permanent first molar have?

Three roots and five cusps.

75

How many roots and cusps does a lower permanent first molar have?

Two roots and five cusps.

76

How many roots and cusps does a lower permanent third molar have?

Two roots and four cusps.