Blood Pressure/Hypertension Flashcards Preview

Hospital Dentistry - ABGD Oral Boards > Blood Pressure/Hypertension > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Pressure/Hypertension Deck (24)
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1

What are the new Blood Pressure Guidelines?

2

What is the new range for "Normal" for BP?

Systolic: Less Than 120

Diastolic: Less Than 80

3

What is the new "Elevated" BP range?

Systolic: 120-129

Diastolic: Less than 80

4

What is considered Stage 1 Hypertension?

Systolic: 130-139

Diastolic: 80-89

5

What is Stage 2 Hypertension?

Systolic: 140 or higher

Diastolic: 90 or higher

6

What is the range for Hypertensive Crisis?

Systolic: Higher than 180

Diastolic: Higher than 120

*Consult you doctor immediately

7

What % of hypertensive patients are unaware?

21%

8

What % of patients are treated for hypertension?

70.9%

9

What % of patients are controlled/uncontrolled regarding hypertension?

47.8% Controlled

52.2% Poorly Controlled

10

Waht is the cutoff for blood pressure where you would need to refer and would hault dental treatment?

Systolic: 180-209

Dyastolic: 110-119

11

If the BP cuff is too wide, the BP will be...

Low

12

If the BP cuff is too narrow, the BP will be ...

High

13

What is the difference between Primary and Secondary Hypertension?

14

What are some risk factors for hypertension?

  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Sex (males > females)
  • Ethnicity
  • Diet
  • Alcohol Intake
  • Incresed Body Mass
  • Cigarette Smoking
  • Lack of Exercise

15

How do you dentally manage Hypertension patients?

  • Keep appointments short
  • Schedule morning visits

16

What drug in dentistry should you avoid if treating a patient with significant hypertension?

Epinephrine

17

Most Hypertension drugs are B.A.D...what are they?

  • Beta-Blockers
  • ACE Inhibitors
  • Diuretics

18

What does ASA stand for?

American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system

19

What is a ASA I pt?

Normal healthy patient

20

What is an ASA 2 patient?

Mild systemic disease - controlled

21

What is an ASA 3 pt?

Severe systemic disease (not controlled)

22

What is an ASA 4 pt?

Disease that is a constant threat to life

23

What is a ASA 5 pt?

Moribund patient

24

What is a ASA 6 pt?

Brain dead - organ donor