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Flashcards in Blood Vessels Deck (11):

Iliolumbar artery

Runs to the iliac fossa deep tool psoas major. Supplies muscles of ilium and posterior abdominal wall


Lateral sacral artery

Passes in front of the sacral plexus to supply sacral muscles as well as spinal meninges and roots of the spinal nerves


Superior gluteal artery

Runs between lumbosacral trunk and S1 to exit the pelvis via the greater sciatic foramen. Supplies muscles in the buttocks


Inferior gluteal artery

Runs between sacral nerve and meet the pelvis to the greater sciatic foramen. Supplies gluteal muscles


Internal pudendal artery

Leaves the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen passing between piriformis and the coccygeus


Obturator artery

Runs through the upper part of the obturator foramen to supply muscles of the medial thigh


Umbilical artery

Supplies the bladder and turns into the medial umbilical ligament


Uterine artery

give superior branch to the uterus and a vaginal branch to the vagina. Also runs to the ovarian artery as the artery of Sampson


Vaginal artery

Arises from the uterine artery to supply the vagina


Middle rectal artery

Supplies the muscular layer of lower rectal him and upper anal canal may also contribute to sex organs


Differences in male and female vasculature

In the mail the artery of ductus deference corresponds to the uterine artery.

The inferior vesicle artery corresponds to the vaginal artery.

The middle rectal artery not only supplies anal canal but also the prostate, seminal vesicles and ureter