Bloody Problems Flashcards Preview

NAVLE take 2 > Bloody Problems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bloody Problems Deck (30)
Loading flashcards...
1

Hereditary Macrothrombocytopenia in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

Congenital thrombocytopenia;

2

Cyclic Hematopoiesis in Gray Collie Dogs

Congenital thrombocytopenia;

3

Fetal and Neonatal Alloimmune Thrombocytopenia

Congenital thrombocytopenia;

4

Primary Immune-mediated Thrombocytopenia

Acquired thrombocytopenia

5

Rickettsial Diseases

Acquired thrombocytopenia

6

Vaccine-induced Thrombocytopenia

Acquired thrombocytopenia

7

Drug-indiced Thrombocytopenia

Acquired thrombocytopenia

8

Von Willebrands Disease

Congenital Platelet Function Disorders

9

Chédiak-Higashi Syndrome

Congenital Platelet Function Disorders

10

Canine Thrombopathia

Congenital Platelet Function Disorders

11

Bovine Thromopathia

Congenital Platelet Function Disorders

12

Glanzmann Thrombasthenia

Congenital Platelet Function Disorders

13

Cutaneous Asthenia

Vascular Disorder

14

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Acquired Vascular Disorders

15

Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia

Primary or Secondary to neoplasia, infectious agents, drugs, or vaccinations. Immune system developed antibodies to circulating RBCs. Treatment: Preds, Cyclosporine, Azathioprine (contraindicated in cats)

16

Alloimmune Hemopysis (Neonatal Isoerythrolysis )

IMHA of newborn horses (especially thoroughbreds), mules, cattle, pigs, cats, and rarely dogs. Caused by ingestion of maternal colostrum containing antibodies to one of the neonate's blood group antigens (previous pregnancy, untyped transfusion, and Babes and Anaplasma vaccines in cattle). Type B cats have naturally occurring antibodies to type A blood.

17

Microangiopathic Hemolysis

RBC damage secondary to turbulent flow through abnormal vessels. Secondary to heart worms, vascular tumors, splenic torsion, DIC, EIA in horses, African Swine Fever an Chronic Classical Swine Fever.

18

Metabolic causes of Hemolysis

Hypophosphatemia in cattle, sheep and goats 2-6 weeks postpartum, or with diabetes mellitus, hepatic lipidosis and referring syndrome in cats and dogs.

19

Pyruvate Kinase deficiency Hemolysis

Basenjis, Beagles, West Highland Terriers, Cairn Terriers, and other breeds, as well as Abyssinian and Somali cats.

20

Phosphofructokinase deficiency

English Springer Spaniels - leads to shortened RBC life span and regenerative anemia. Hemolytic crisis is set off by alkalosis secondary to excessive excitement or exercise.

21

Porphyria

Hereditary hemoglobinopathy described in cattle, cats and pigs. Most prevalent in holstein cattle. Affected calves fail to thrive and are photosensitive. Teeth of affected animals fluoresce under ultraviolet light.

22

Non-regenerative anemias

Nutritional, chronic disease, renal disease, and primary bone marrow disease

23

Anaplasmosis

"gall sickness" domestic and wild ruminants, tropical and sub-tropical regions. Invade bloods cells (other than erythrocytes) of their mammalian hosts. Bovine anaplasmosis economically significant.

24

Bovine Anaplasmosis

A marginale - 17 different tick vectors, calves more resistant than older cattle. Seriously when mature cattle with no previous exposure are exposed. Can relapse with decreased immunity. Progressive anemia due to extravascular destruction of infected and non-infected erythrocytes. PM - anemic and jaundiced. Treatment: tetracycline antibiotics and imidocarb

25

Babesiosis

Transmitted by ticks (Rhipicephalus spp.), economically important in cattle. Calves have a degree of immunity, developed immunity. PM: enlarged friable spleen, swollen liver, large gallbladder containing thick granular bile, congested dark kidneys, general anemia and jaundice. Treatment: Diminasene acetate and Imidocarb dipropionate. Zoonotic risk.

26

Cytoauxzoonosis

Emerging, life threatening disease of domestic cats. Cytauxzoon felis of the family Theileriidae transmitted by the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum). Bobcat is the natural host. Occurred in cats despite routine tick prevention applications - collar best prevention method.

27

Hemotropic Mycoplasmas

Dog - M haemocanis; Cat - M haemofelis; Pig - M suis or parvum; Cattle - M wenyonii; sheep and goats - M ovis; llamas and alpacas - M haemolamae. Transmitted by blood transfusions or contaminated needles or arthropod vectors. Causes hemolytic anemia w/ large range in severity (more severe in animals that have been splenectomized). Extravascular - regenerative anemia. Can detect in Wright-stained blood smear. Treat with tetracyclines. Generally, species-specific - may infect immunocompromised people.

28

Feline Infectious Anemia

Caused by hemotropic mycoplamosis, primarily in outdoor male cats. Diagnose from blood PCR.

29

Old World Hepatozooniosis

Disease of wild and domestic carnivores, caused by Hepatozoon canis. Transmitted by brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus).

30

American Canine Hepatozooniosis

a