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Flashcards in Body And Forensics Deck (48):
1

Lab officers

Assist in preparing tests

2

Crime scene investigator

Investigate the crime scene

3

Latent print examiner

Finds finger prints at crime scenes and examine them

4

Firearms examiner

Help the court by providing evidence such as serial numbers

5

Tool mark examiner

Analyses weapons and marks on a victim

6

Document examiner

They examine printed and digital items

7

Trace evidence examiner

Examine any evidence found at a crime scene

8

Forensic pathologist

They determine the cause of death from the victim

9

Forensic anthropologist

Look at bones for evidence

10

Forensic odontological

Examine teeth and bite marks

11

Forensic entomologist

Study insects

12

Field officers

Head investigator at the crime scene

13

DNA profiler

Collects DNA to match to a suspect

14

Crime scene photographer

Takes photos of evidence from the crime scene

15

Toxicologist

Examines chemicals found at the crime scene

16

Forensic psychiatrist

Focuses on the interface of law and mental health

17

Coroner

Asks question to find out how someone died if it was unknown

18

Police officer

They are the first to the crime scene and find evidence

19

Polygraph examiner

Uses a machine to see if someone is lieing

20

Blood stain analysts

Investigates the blood found at the crime scene

21

Forensic accountant

Keeps all files / records from crimes

22

Arson and fire examiner

Investigate intentionally started fires

23

Forensic artist

Draws people who are suspected / witnesses / victims

24

Forensic serologist

Examine bodily fluids

25

Forensic psychologist

Determine if someone is sane

26

Criminology

Determines why the suspect committed the crime

27

Digital forensic experts

Recovers the material found in digital devices

28

What is trace evidence

A unit of evidence created by when objects contact

29

What are five examples of trace evidence

Fibres
Hair
Soil
Pollen
Gunshot residue

30

What is always left at the crime scene

DNA
fingerprints
Trace evidence

31

What is impression evidence

Objects that have retained the characterises of other objects through direct contact

32

What are features for tire tracks

Tread patterns
Width and depth of tread
Unique characteristics due to damage

33

What are features for tool marks

Dimensions of the impression
Ridges or striation patterns
Defects
Paint chips

34

What are features for shoe prints

Tread patterns
Wear patterns
Material defects or damages
Other trace materials

35

What are features for bite marks

Type of bite
Characteristics of teeth
Colour of area
Swab for bodily fluids

36

What is anthropometry

The study of measurements of bones and body parts

37

When might it be used and why = anthropometry

It could be used if there were no fingerprints to find the measurements of someone

38

What are the three fundamentals that criminal investigators use when looking at fingerprints

A fingerprint is an individual
A fingerprint pattern
Fingerprint ridges

39

What are the 3 main types of fingerprints

Arches
Loops
Whorls

40

What are latent prints

Impressions left by friction ridge skin on a surface

41

Why do we use powder when dusting prints

So we can lift them off with tape

42

What are the six groups of human hair

Scalp hair
Beard hair
Under arm hair
Eyebrow hair
Pubic hair
General body hair

43

What is hair made of

The protein keratin

44

What are the 3 layers of hair

Medulla
Cortex
Cuticle

45

Why does BPA stand for

Blood pattern analysis

46

What can investigators learn from the analysis of blood splatter

Position and movements
Number of blows
Type of injury
How long ago the crime was
Which wound was inflected


47

How do hairs and fibres differ

They have different sizes and textures

48

What is the difference between man made and synthetic fibres

Natural fibres have a rough surface whereas man made fibres are smooth