Body Planes & Directions Flashcards Preview

Molina2020 Principles of Health Science > Body Planes & Directions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Planes & Directions Deck (24)
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1

dorsal cavity

posterior/dorsal surface of the body and surrounds the brain and the spinal cord

2

cranial cavity

the bones of the skill create the cranial cavity to protect the brain

3

spinal (vertebral) cavity

formed by the vertebrae of the spine and surrounds the spinal cord

4

ventral cavity

located on the anterior/ventral surface of the body which contains the chest and abdomen

5

thoracic cavity

the portion of the ventral cavity superior to the diaphragm

6

pleural cavities

the spaces surrounding each lung

7

pericardial cavity

space where the heart is located

8

abdominopelvic cavity

the portion of the ventral cavity inferior to the diaphragm

9

sagittal

divides the body or organ vertically into right and left unequal parts

10

midsagittal

divides the body or organ vertically into equal right and left parts

11

frontal/coronal

a vertical plane dividing the body or organ into anterior and posterior parts

12

transverse

a horizontal plane dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior section

13

superior

upper or above something

14

inferior

lower or below something

15

anterior or ventral

front, in front of

16

posterior

after, behind, following, toward the rear

17

medial

toward the mid-line, middle, away from the side

18

lateral

toward the side of the body, away from the midline

19

proximal

toward or near the trunk

20

distal

away from, farther from the origin or attachment to the body

21

dorsal

near the upper surface, toward the back

22

ventral

toward the bottom, toward the belly

23

cranial

refers to the head of the body

24

internal

inside the body