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Flashcards in Bones And Tissue Deck (52):
1

Appendicular skeleton

Upper limbs
Lower limbs
Shoulder girdle
Pelvic girdle

2

Shapes of bones

Long
Short
Flat
Irregular

3

Long bones

Longer than it is wide

4

Short bones

As long as it is wide

5

Flat bones

Contains a flat surface

6

Irregular

Includes everything else

7

Bone joint

Where 2 bones meet

8

3 types of joints

Fibrous
Cartilagenous
Synovial

9

Fibrous joints

No movement
Bones fuse together
Ex) skull, pelvis, sternum, coccyx

10

Cartilaginous

Minimal movement
Connected by cartilage
Ex) pubis, ribs to the sternum

11

Types of synovial joints

Ball and socket
Ellipsoid
Hinge
Pivot
Plane
Saddle

12

Ball and socket joints

Most range of movement
360 movement
Ex) pelvic, pectoral girdles

13

Ellipsoid

Limited movement compared to ball and socket joints
360 movement
Ex) atlas to the skull

14

Hinge

Movement in one plane
Back and forth movement
Ex) elbow, knee

15

Pivot

Rotation along axis
Ex) radius, ulna

16

Plane

Flat joint
Bones can slide past each other
Ex) spine, carpals, tarsals

17

Saddle

Rocking 360
Ex) thumb

18

5 major functions of the skeleton

Support
Protection
Movement
Storage
Red blood cell production

19

Epithelial tissue

Lining that covers internal/external structures
Separates self from environment

20

Functions of epithelial tissue

Protection
Gateway- controls movement of particles
Secretion
Absorption

21

Simple

Single layer of cells

22

Stratified

Multiple layers

23

Squamous

Flat

24

Cuboidal

Cubes

25

Columnar

Column shaped

26

Pseudostratified

False

27

Transitional

Can change from cuboidal to squamous

28

Connective tissue

Connects structures

29

Types of connective tissue

Loose
Adipose
Dense collagenous
Dense elastic
Blood
Bone

30

Dense collagenous

Tendons
Ligaments

31

Tendons

Connect muscle to bone

32

Ligaments

Connects bone to bone

33

Types of cartilage

Hyaline
Fibrocartilage
Elastic

34

Hyaline

Joints on end of bones

35

Fibrocartilage

In between vertebrae

36

Elastic

Nose and ears

37

Muscle tissue

Makes movement possible through contraction

38

Functions of muscle tissue

Movement
Body temperature

39

Types of muscle tissue

Skeletal
Cardiac smooth

40

Skeletal muscle

Voluntary
Striated
Attaches to skeleton
Moves skeleton

41

Cardiac

Involuntary
Striated
Heart muscle

42

Smooth

Involuntary
Not striated
Abdominal organs

43

Nervous tissue

Communication

44

Action potential

Sends communications

45

Dendrites

Receives communications

46

Neurons consists of

Nucleus
Cell body
Dendrites
Schwaan cells
Axon

47

Epiphysis

Ends of bones

48

Diaphysis

Middle of the bone

49

Bone marrow

Red marrow
Yellow marrow

50

Red marrow is

Red blood cells

51

Yellow marrow

Fat

52

Medullary cavity

Made of cancellous bone or spongy bone