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Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (68):
1

Which IGT is Bordeaux within?

Atlantique IGT

2

Standard Bordeaux AOP Wine styles

Red White Rose or Clairet

3

Define Clairet

a darker more aromatic style of rose that evokes the original claret wines shipped to England

4

Red Grapes Allowed for Bordeaux AOP

Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Carmenere

5

Why is Assemblage Important?

insurance for the blend, Merlot is harvested earlier (safety from late summer rains) and Cabernet Sauvignon can avoid early spring frosts

6

What is the most widely planted grape of Bordeaux

Merlot

7

What type of soil does Merlot Prefer?

clay based soils, delays natural vigor

8

What soil does Cabernet Sauvignon prefer?

well-drained gravel, best for roots to dig deep, undergo water stress. has problems ripening in colder limestone/clay soils

9

What soil does Cabernet Franc prefer?

limestone soil, promotes acid

10

Typical Medoc Blend?

2/3 Cabernet Sauvignon 1/3 Blend of Merlot and Cabernet Franc

11

Typical Right Bank Blend?

3/4 Merlot to 1/4 Cabernet Frac

12

Where would you find Petit Verdot?

small amounts on left bank, virtually non existent on the right (b.c. LAST TO RIPEN)

13

What is another name for Malbec? Where is it used?

Pressac, On the Right Bank (like merlot performance wise)

14

Name two former grapes previously allowed for AOC reds?

Saint Macaire and Gros Vredot

15

Main Basic Bordeaux AOP Blanc

Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle

16

Other Bordeaux AOP Blanc blending grapes?What percentage of these is allowed?

30%, Ugni Blanc, Merlot Blanc, Colombard

17

What oak barrel is typically used? What size?

225L Barrique for top Chateaux, entry level usually large oak barrels

18

Climate of Bordeaux?

Maritime

19

What bodies of water affect Bordeaux?

Atlantic, Gironde Estuary (Dordogne R. Bank) and Garrone L Bank)

20

any forrest that help bordeaux?

coastal pine forests protect Medoc from harsh winds

21

What are the biggest worries climate wise for Bordeaux?

Rain at harvest, Wet springs and Humidity cause mold and rot problems

22

Name 3 American Diseases that Affected Bordeaux around late 1800's

Oidium (powdery mildew) Phylloxera (Root Louse) Pernospera (downey Mildew)

23

What is the bordeaux mixture, what is it used for

lime copper sulfate and water used to combat pernospera (downy mildew)

24

What are the dutch drainage channels, when were they created?

1600's Jalles

25

What style of wine did the Dutch prefer?

sweet white wines, full bodied reds, germanic technique of burning sulfur candle in barrel

26

What style of wine did the British prefer?

Light red clairets

27

wine brokers of bordeaux?

courtiers, control trade and financial backing for wineries

28

CIVB? When established?

1948, Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux or Bordeaux Wine Council

29

Pruning methods for Left and Right Bank, and Sweet wines?

Left Bank- Double Guyot (cane prune)
Right Bank- Single Guyot (cane prune)
Dessert wine- Cordon Training (Spur Training) smaller berries--attract botrytis

30

Name two sorting methods popular in Bordeaux?

Optical Sorter and Density Sorter

31

How would you typically break the cap in Bordeaux?

Remontage= Pump over, helps yeasts form, can help with extraction

32

Typical wine making practices?

full destemming, chaptalization to gain alcohol and body, fermentation in large oak or epoxy lined concrete, assemblage, malo in barrel

33

Why was the 1855 classification created? By Who?

Napoleon III for the Universal Exposition in Paris based on price

34

What is Cru Artisan?

44 producers in Medoc, for 150 years, use the designation due to land work and craft for low finance operations, officially recognized in 2002

35

What is Cru Bourgeois?

1932 classification dividing properties into 3 categories: became official in 2003
Bourgeois Exceptionnel
Cru Bourgeois Superior
Crus Bourgeois
Legally stopped

36

When was cru bourgeois reinstated?

2008, but only as a quality indicator, must apply regularly to blind tasting pannel

37

How long is the Medoc?

50 miles

38

Medoc AOP

made up of Haut Medoc and surrounding communes, technically for wines north of St. Estephe in Bas-Medoc

39

What is the Medoc AOP like?

sparse vineyards intermingled with forest, pasture and mixed agriculture, lots of Jalles (reversal of swampland)

40

What is the wine focus of the Medoc?

devoted to red, only 123 acres of white planted, small modest estates with higher percentage of Merlot as better in waterlogged clay heavy soil

41

Dutch unearthed gravel mounds, deep gravel beds?

Croupes

42

St Estephe AOP describe

Brawn, sturdy full bodied reds with slightly higher percentage of Merlot due to higher amount of clay in soil

43

Pauillac AOP Describe

Classic Claret, Gravel topsoil at its deepest point, Austere Pencil Shavings, Cigarbox, Black Currant

44

Saint Julien AOP Describe

Elegant Style, Ceder/Blackcurrant, 80% is classified AOP wine , less wine than other communes, but great quality

45

Two houses in Moulis AOP

Chasse-Spleen, Poujeaux

46

Margaux AOP Describe

Largest Commune, thin sandy gravel over limestones "GRAVEL ISLAND" shallow crops more clay in outside areas, Floral exotic, finesses wines

47

Villages of Margaux AOP?

Soussans, Margaux, Cantenac, Labarde, Arsac

48

What was the first chateaux to estate bottle? When?

Mouton Rothschild in 1924 entire production

49

First major chateaux to opt out of Em Primeur?

Latour

50

Where is Ch. Pape Clement? as a gift to bordeaux when?

Graves AOP 1305

51

Graves Soil?

similar to medoc but sandier in South

52

Boulbenes?

mix of sand gravel and light clay

53

Graves AOP Styles?

white and red

54

When were Graves wines classified? how many classified?

1959, 13 estates for Red, 9 for White

55

When did Chateau La Tour Haut Brion produce its final vintage?

2005, RED now supply wine for La Mission Haut Brion second wine

56

When did Chateau Laville Haut-Brion produce its final vintage?

2008, WHITE now supply wine for La Mission Haut Brion

57

Pessac Leognan AOP created when?

1987, red and white wines

58

Pessac communes?

Leognan, Cadaujac, Canejan, Gradignan, Martillac, Merignac, Saint Medard d'Eyrans, Talence, Villenave d'Orons

59

Graves Supérieures AOP?

Sweet wine appellation for min RS 34 g/L

60

What sub AOPs are included in Graves Superieures AOP?

Sauternes, Barsac, Cerons

61

Sauternes AOP is made of of which villages?

Barsac, Preignac, Bommes, Fargues, Sauternes

62

What are two other names for noble rot?

Botryis Cinerea or Porriture Noble

63

What grapes are used for Sauternes production?

Semillon Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle

64

Sauternes is influenced by which rivers, how?

Ciron (cold morning mists) and Garonne (warm )

65

How are dry wines of this region categorized?

Bordeaux or Bordeaux Superior

66

Name two famous dry wines of the region

Yquems "Y" or Rieussec "R" (owned by Rothschild)

67

Minimum must weight for Sauternes

221 g/L

68

Minimum RS for Sauternes

45g/L