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Flashcards in BP and Cardiovascular risk Deck (5)
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1

What are secondary causes of HTN?

Renal parenchymal disease
Renovascular disease
Primary aldosteronism
Phaeochromocytoma
Cushings

2

Grade 2 hypertensive retinopathhy

AV nipping

index of end organ damage but not indicative of malignant hypertension

3

Grade 3 hypertensive retinopathy

blot haemorrhages
cotton wool infarcts

4

grade 4 hypertensive retinopathy

loss of disc margin, flame haemorrhages - peripapillary haemorrhages, papilloedema

constitutes malignant hypertension along with grade 3 hypertension

5

How would you treat malignant HTN?

Orally on the ward
Atenolol
Bendrofluazide
Amlodipine
Nifedipine