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Flashcards in BRASHEAR Deck (82):
1

ABSENCE OF MIDDLE OR INTERCALARY SEGMENT OF A LIMB

PHOCOMELIA

2

CONGENITAL FLEXION CONTRACTURE OF FINGERS

CAMPTODACTYLY

3

HEREDITARY SYNDACTYLY CHARACTERIZED BY POINTING OF HEAD IN THE REGION OF THE ANTERIOR FONTANEL

APERT'S SYNDROME / ACROCEPHALO SYNDACTYLY

4

INCOMPLETE CONGENITAL FIBROUS ANKYLOSIS OF MANY JTS/ LIMBS

ARTHROGRYPOSIS MULTIPLEX CONGENITA

5

WEBBED FINGERS

SYNDACTYLY

6

SUPERNUMERY DIGITS

POLYDACTYLY

7

MAIN EN TRIDENT , MC DWARFISM

ACHONDROPLASTIC

8

DWARFISM WHERE ABNORMALITIES ARE NOT OBVIOUS AT BIRTH

NORMAL FACE AND CRANIUM

PSEUDO ACHONDROPLASIA

9

HITCH HIKER'S THUMB
SHORT LIMB, MULTIPLE JT CONTRACTURES, EXTERNAL EAR DEFORMITY
, AR

DIASTROPHIC DWARFISM

10

DWARFISM SEEN IN RICKETS WITH METAPHYSEAL CHANGES
AD/AR

METAPHYSEAL CHONDRODYSPLASIA / METAPHYSEAL DYSOSTOSIS

11

DWARFISM WITH POLYDACTYLY , DYSPLASTIC FINGERNAILS AND DISTAL SHORTENING OF FA AND LEGS , AR

ELLIS VAN CREVELD SYNDROME / CHONDRO ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA

12

DWARFISM WITH IRREGULAR STIPPLED CALCIFICATION OF EPIPHYSES , MONGOLOID FASCIE

STIPPLED EPIPHYSIS
/ CHONDRODYSPLASIA PUNCTATA

13

ALBERG-SCHONBERG DISEASE

OSTEOPETROSIS OR MARBLE BONE

14

SPOTTED BONES

OSTEOPOIKILOSIS

15

SYMMETRIC EXPANSION AND SCLEROSIS OF DIAPHYSES OF LONG BONES

ENGELMANN'S DSE / PROGRESSIVE DIAPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA

16

LONGITUDINAL STRIATIONS IN CANCELLOUS BONE

OSTEOPATHIA STRIATA

17

FRAGILITAS OSSIUM / BRITTLE BONES
BLUE SCLERA

OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA

18

FATAL LIPID STORAGE DISORDER OF INFANTS

NIEMANN PICK DSE

19

D/O ORGAN OF LIPID METABOLISM AND STORAGE

GOUCHER'S DSE

20

INFANTILE CORTICAL HYPEROSTOSIS , SWELLING OF JAW IN INFANTS 1-4 MOS., PAINFUL SWELLING , SUBPERIOSTEAL NEW BONE FORMATION ON THE SHAFT OF LONG BONES

CAFFEY'S DSE

21

EXTREMELY LOW AMOUNT OF ALKALINE PHOSPHATE

HYPOPHATASIA

22

OSTEOID MATRIX PRODUCED BY TUMOR CELLS

MC PRIMARY MALIGNANT BONE TUMOR

OSTEOSARCOMA

23

SUNBURST EFFECT

OSTEOSARCOMA

24

CODMAN'S TRIANGLE

OSTEOSARCOMA

25

ONION SKIN TYPE OF PERIOSTEAL BONE

EWINGS SARCOMA

26

MALIGNANT TUMOR OF MEDULLARY ORIGIN

EWING'S SARCOMA

27

MALIGNANT TUMOR FROM SMOOTH MUSCLE

LEIOMYOSARCOMA

28

MALIGNANT TUMOR OF STRIATED MUSCLES

RHABDOMYOSARCOMA

29

TRACTION FOR FEMORAL SHAFT FX (7 MOS.)

BRYANT'S FX

30

WEIGHT'S AND PULLEYS THAT WILL GO UP AND DOWN WITH THE PATIENT WITHOUT DISTURBING THE FX

BALANCE TX

31

ALLOWS 10 - 35 LBS OF TRACTION FORCE FOR REDUCING DISLOCATIONS OF CERVICAL VERTBEBRAE

CRUTCHFIELD, BARTON

32

EXCISION ARTHROPLASTY OF THE HIP

GIRDLESTONE

33

TRANSFER OF SUBSCAPULARIS TO THE GLENOID LABRUM

PUTTI PLATT

34

TRANSFER OF SUBSCAP TO LATERAL LIP OF BICIPITAL GROOVE

MAGNUSON STACK

35

TRANSFER OF CORACOID PROCESS TO ANTERIOR GLENOID RIM
+ SH OF BICEPS AND CORACOBRACHIALIS

BRISTOW

36

RESECTION OF DISTAL CLAVICLE, TRANSFER OF CORACOACROMIAL LIGAMENT OF ACROMION TO CLAVICLE FOR DISLOC

WEAVER DUNN

37

EXCISION OF DISTAL 2 CM OF CLAVICLE: AC JOINT FX OF CHILDREN

MUMFORD

38

FX SEEN IN THE DISTAL FOURTH OF THE RADIUS WHERE MILD ANGULATION CAUSES BUCKLING OR BULGING OF CORTEX ON THE COMPRESSION SIDE

TORUS FRACTURE

39

FX INVOLVES THE CARTILAGE; ALL THE WAY THRU THE GROWTH PLATE (SALTER AND HARRIS)

I

40

TRANSVERSES THE BONY EPIPHYSIS AND INVOLVES THE CARTILAGE PLATE

III

41

CRUSHING OF PART OF THE GROWTH PLATE , WORST PROGNOSIS

V

42

INVOLVES EPIPHYSIS, METAPHYSIS AND GROWTH PLATE

IV

43

INVOLVES PLATE AND A TRIANGULAR SEGMENT OF METAPHYSIS, PASSES ACROSS GROWTH PLATE AND UP THROUGH METAPHYSIS

II

44

FX DOES NOT CLINICALLY FIRM IN 20 WKS (TIBIA) , 10 WKS (HUMERUS) , 20 WKS (FEMUR)

DELAYED UNION

45

NON UNION FX

> 6 MOS p INJURY

46

MC site of nonunion in LE

lower third of tibia

47

STAGE 1 LCPD

NECROSIS

48

STAGE 2 LCPD

FRAGMENTATION

49

STAGE 3 LCPD

REVASCULARIZATION

50

STAGE 4 LCPD

REMODELING

51

STAGE 5 LCPD

HEALED

52

(+) CRESCENT SIGN

LCPD

53

(+) SIGN FOR RYDER'S/CRAIG'S TEST

>15 DEGREES OF ANTEVERSION

54

SNAPPING HIP AKA?

COXA SALTANS/ DANCER'S HIP

55

MC CAUSE OF LATERAL KNEE PAIN

ITB FRICTION SYNDROME

56

MC CONTUSED MUSCLE

QUADS

57

MC STRAINED MM

SH OF BICEPS FEMORIS

58

MORTON'S TOE AFFECTS?

WEB SPACE BET 3RD AND 4TH TOES

59

CONGENITAL SHORTENING OF 1ST MT

METATARSUS ATAVICUS

60

TORTICOLLIS D/T CXN OF SCAR TISSUE P BURN

CICATRICIAL

61

TORTICOLLIS D/T RA , OA , AS

ARTHRITIC

62

TORTICOLLIS D/T PSYCHOGENIC INABILITY TO CONTROL NECK

HYSTERICAL

63

TORTICOLLIS D/T CNS OR CERVICAL ROOT LESION

SPASMODIC

64

AKA DRAFTMAN'S ELBOW , MINER'S ELBOW

OLECRANON BURSITIS

65

TYPE 1 RADIAL HEAD FX

NON DISPLACED

66

TYPE 2 RADIAL HEAD FX

MARGINAL RADIAL HEAD FX , MINIMAL DISPLACEMENT

67

TYPE 3 RADIAL HEAD FX

COMMINUTED FX

68

DORSAL PROMINENCE OF LOWER END OF ULNA

MADELUNG'S DEFORMITY

69

STAGE 1 KIENBOCK'S

NO VISIBLE CHANGES IN THE LUNATE

70

STAGE 2 KIENBOCK

SCLEROSIS OF LUNATE

71

STAGE 3A KIENBOCKS

SCLEROSIS AND FRAGMENTATION

72

STAGE 3B KIENBOCKS

SCLEROSIS AND FRAGMENTATION WITH PROXIMAL MIGRATION OF CAPITATE OR FIXED ROTATION OF THE SCAPHOID

73

AKA BASEBALL FINGER

MALLET FINGER

74

FLUCTUATION OF BLOOD SUGAR AT NIGHT D/T MULTIPLE INSULIN INJECTIONS

SOMOGYI PHENOMENON

75

ZONES OF PSEUDOFRACTURES READY TO BE FRACTURED IN PXS WITH OSTEOMALACIA

LOOSER'S

76

DECREASED FSH AND LH IN WOMEN POST PARTUM. DEPRESSION, APATHY AND UNEXPLAINED HATRED TOWARDS THEIR CHILD

SHEEHAN'S SYNDROME

77

ANOMALOUS CONNECTION OF AORTA TO THE (R) VENTRICLE CAUSING CYANOSIS

TRANSPOSITION OF GREAT ARTERIES

78

TRIAD OF HYPERCALCEMIA IN KIDNEY

POLYURIA, POLYDIPSIA AND CONSTIPATION

79

ABNORMAL PROMINENCES OF COSTOCHONDRAL JUNCTIONS IN PT'S WITH RICKETS

RACHITIC ROSARY

80

APPEARANCE OF EARLY QRS COMPLEX AND TALL R WAVES REFERRED TO AS DELTA WAVES

WOLFF PARKINSON WHITE SYNDROME

81

ACCUMULATION OF UNABSORBED AMINO ACIDS IN THE GIT IN PXS WITH DERMATITIS, DIARRHEA AND DEMENTIA

HARTNUP SYNDROME

82

PRESENCE OF JUNCTIONAL ESCAPE RHYTHM OR ABSENCE OF P WAVE

ATRIAL STANDSTILL