Flashcards in Breast Deck (11):
What is the most common cause of malignant breast lump?
Invasive ductal carcinoma
Invasive lobular carcinoma
Name three causes of benign breast lumps?
Cyst (may be painful)
Abscess (painful, hot and swollen breasts)
What may breast dimpling imply?
May imply invasion of cancer into underlying musculature
May imply pulling on ligaments of breast by the cancer
What are the three stages of triple assessment?
Imaging (USS / MMG)
Triple negative breast cancer is negative for which three immunological markers?
Indications for mastectomy instead of a wide local excision?
Local reoccurrence after wide local excision
Invasive cancer of >4cm
What class of drug is tamoxifen and what are the side effects?
Increased risk of DVT
Endometrial thickening (polyps, hyperplasia, cancer)
What is lactational mastitis?
What is it caused by?
inflammatory condition of the interlobular connective tissue that affects 10% of breastfeeding women. The main underlying cause is milk stasis caused by overproduction or insufficient removal of milk. It may be infectious (retrograde spread of commensal organisms via a milk duct or a traumatised nipple) or non-infectious
What factors predispose someone to lactational mastitis?
Baby not attaching to breast
Use of dummy or bottle
Which antibiotics are preferred in breast feeding mothers?