Breast Cysts Flashcards Preview

Breast > Breast Cysts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Breast Cysts Deck (9)
Loading flashcards...
1

def

a fluid-filled sac within the breast

2

are beast cysts cancerous

not usually
they are usually benign

3

aetiology

develop naturally as the breast changes with age
often form as a result of growth of lobules (milk-producing glands) + ducts (tubes which carry milk to the nipple)

4

what are the risk factors of breast cysts

1 pregnancy (milk production)
2 develop more as women approaches menopause (stop once women approach menopause)
3 HRT

5

epi

common >35yrs
women with breast cysts may be at an increased risk of breast cancer

6

history + examination

1 smooth, mobile round/oval lump with distinct edges
2 breast pain in area of lump
3 increased lump size or tenderness just before menstruation
4 decreased lump size or tenderness after menstruation
5 discharge (clear/yellow/dark brown)

7

investigations

1 USS
2 aspiration (removal of contents with needle)
-diagnostic + curative
-for biopsy to determine if benign or malignant
3 mammogram

8

what is indicated if the cyst contains solid nodules on USS

lesion may be precancerous or cancerous

9

why might oral contraceptives be prescribed to someone with a drained cyst

treatment with needle aspiration biopsies often recur
OCP reduces recurrence