Breast Health Flashcards Preview

Physical Diagnosis II > Breast Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Breast Health Deck (16):
1

What are common conditions of the breast?

Mastitis
Fibrocystic breast disease
fibroadenoma
breast cancer

2

Mastitis is what?

An infection of the breast tissue.

3

Mastitis is common in whom?

Lactating women

4

When will mastitis occur in lactating women?

The 2nd to 3rd week after delivery

5

Can mastitis preclude breast feeding?

NO

6

What is fibrocystic breast disease (FBD)?

Ducal enlargement that causes benign, bilateral, single, or multiple, tender cysts to form.

7

When do the cysts in FBD become more painful?

Prior to menstruation

8

Fibroadenoma is a single, benign, bilateral tumor of what?

Terminal ducts

9

Is the fibroadenoma symptomatic?

No, asymptomatic

10

What is the initial symptom of a malignant breast tumor?

Single, painless, hard, irregular shaped, fixed lump.

11

What are the warning signs of BR CA?

dimpling/puckering
nipple deviation, flattening or retraction
Peau d'orange skin
Unilateral venous distention
Bloody discharge

12

Dimpling and puckering, nipple deviation, flattening and retraction suggests what?

Contraction of fibrotic tissue due to cancer

13

Peau d'orange skin is described as?

Thicker with prominent pores

14

Peau d'orange skin results from what?

Edema secondary to advanced or inflammatory BR CA

15

Unilateral venous distention may indicate what?

Increase blood flow to a malignancy

16

Which things increase the risk of BR CA?

Family or personal history
Female
Over 40
Starting menstruation before 12
Starting menopause after age 55
First child born after 30
Drinking alcohol 2-5 times daily
obese