buddhism Flashcards Preview

RG ST 3 final > buddhism > Flashcards

Flashcards in buddhism Deck (41):
1

theraveda

-school of elders
-monastic emphasis
arhat (worthy one)
aka hinyana

2

lotus sutra

people invoked the name of bodhisattva guanyin
there is only one great vehicle
parable of the burning house
anyone can become a buddha (daughter of the dragon king)

3

jingtu/jodo

pure land buddhism
based on the sutra of the limitless life
amitabha sutra
amitayurdyana sutra
most common form of buddhism
- just gotta believe and chant

4

buddha nature

mahayana buddhism
fundamental nature of all beings
all beings allowed to realize enlightenment

5

zazen/zuochan

meditation sitting with yous legs crossed (chinese)

6

shikantaza

japanese word for zazen
meditation with legs crossed

7

dharmakara

monk that vowed to establish pure land buddhism
-called it sukhavata (blissful_
vows that any being can go to the pure land if they simple meditate 10 times, desire enlightenment, live morally, vow to be reborn there, practice virtue, dedicate their merit

8

linji/rinzai

kamakura buddhism - zen
school created by monk eisai

9

bodhisattva

person who is capable of reaching nirvana but holds it off so they can save people

10

huineng

6th patriarch for zen buddhism
platform sutra

11

sunyata

emptiness
chinese school of sanlun focused on it

12

shinran

one of honen's deciples, continues to emphasize the menbutsu
-made two changes: clergy can get married, single nembutsu is sufficient
-had dream kannon would come as beautiful woman and he was to marry her

13

dharmakaya

essence body = embodies the principle of enlightement w no limits
-refers to teaching of dharma, eternal truth

14

mofa/mappo

degenerate dharma in japan
-kamakura period
-third age of buddhism
lasts for 10000 years

15

pure land

sutra of the buddha of limitless life was the main text
-amitabha sutra - come from the pure land and take people there
-to get to the pure land, there must be combination of faith and work
-tanlun: first patriarch that spread pure land in chinese society
-shandao - 4th patriarch, emphasizes chanting amitabha
founded by honen

16

hinyana

Theravada vehicle
Lesser vehicle
Monastic view
Arhat “worthy one” follows path to nirvana

17

tendai (tianti)

lotus sutra school of buddhism founded by saicho

18

nichiren

Lotus sutra school of buddhism in japan founded by nichiren
-Broke out of the tendai school
Chant “Namu Myoho Renge Kyo” (Praise to the Sutra of the Wonderful Lotus)
No other practices effective in age of mappo
-Believed that if you didn’t study the lotus sutra, you’re going to hell
Made many enemies in the ruling class
Prayed for a tsunami

19

dogen

Founded the soto school of zen buddhism (japanese)
Began as a tendai monk
Studied with eisai and miyozen
Went to china at 24 to study zen
Returned and founded soto school

20

koan/gongan

Bodhidharma (first zen patriarch) encounter with emperor wudi
Emperor wudi paid for a lot of temples for zen buddhism, asked BD how much merit he gained from it
Bodhidharma said none
Got angry, asked who was bodhidharma to decide these things
Answers with i dont know
Banishes bodhidharma
Exemplified zen buddhism principles

21

bodhidharma

Legendary founder of chan/zen buddhism
First zen patriarch
Encounter with emperor wudi (koan)
Crosses the yangtze river on a leaf
Lived in a cave in shaolin
Heard ants screaming
Fell asleep while meditating, cut off his eye lids
Refused to teach huike until huike cut of his arm, showed dedication
Shocked by the poor shape of the shaolin temple, taught them martial arts

22

tendai

lotus sutra buddhist school founded by saicho

23

tariki

other power
-nembitsu buddhism - only kariki can save you
only thgouth amida's will can you be saved

24

flower sermon

zen buddhism
-sakyamuni gives sermon only by displaying white flower
everyone confused except fot mahakasyapa
-smiled, transmitted direct wisdom

25

emptiness

sunyata
buddhist school of sanlun focused on it

26

dhyana

meditation

27

sambhogakaya

second mode of trikana
-body of enjoyment, bliss of enlightenment

28

guanyin/kannon

shinran had a dream that bodhisattva kannon would come to him as a woman and he had to marry her
-founded basis for clergymen in pure land buddhism

29

chan/zen

kamakura buddhism branch
-traditions include meditation and intuition
-nonin starts daruma school of zen
-dogen found soto school of zen

30

mahayana

greater vehicle
-inclusion of normal people
-bodhisattva: enlightened being to help others
-not a grand universal view

31

amitabha/amitufo/amida

cosmic buddha of the pure land buddhism, infinit elight
-amitabha;s deliverance: came down from the pure land to bring people to it

32

saicho

founded the tendai buddhism in japan
-est. mt. hiei as buddhist learning center
-harmony w other buddhist schools
-less demanding of monks, 12 years of training,
s-simpler bodhisattva vows, ~10
-made buddhism more attractive
-more rigorous for elite monkw

33

nembutsu/nianfo

-pure land busshism: name of amida, cosmic buddha
-chanting was key in many pure land philosopher's beliefs

34

mahakashyapa

-disciple of buddha
-understood the flower sermon from sakymuni
-story of zen buddhism

35

soto

-schoo of japanese buddhist zen founded by dogen

36

shingon

-form of buddhism in japan
-kuka founded this esoteric school of buddhism
-"true word"

37

jiriki

self power
cannot use self power to save yourself, only through tikiri can you be saved

38

platform sutra

zen buddhist scripture from the 6th patriartch
refers to podium buddhist teacher stands on
emphasis on sila (conduct), dhyana (meditation) and prakna (wisdom_

39

honen

founded pure land buddhism in japan
-charismatic man, enthusiastically chanted nembutsu
-nembutsu only necessary for salvation
-exiled from buddhist establisthment for this teaching

40

trikaya

mahayana doctrine that buddha only has 3 bodies:
1. dharmakaya - essence body, enlightenment
2. sambhogakaya - bliss body, blissful light
3. nirmanakaya - create body: exists in time and space

41

nirmanakaya

one of the 3 buddha bodies accordring to mahayana docrtine
-create body, exists in time and space