Flashcards in Buddhism Exam Deck (17):
What are the three jewels/refugees ?
Dharma - teaching of the Buddha
Dharma = truth
The Buddha - historical/cosmic/inner nature (dependent on tradition)
The sanga- Buddhist community
They are all lasting sources of safety from suffering.
What are the three types of dukkha ?
Dukkha dukkha - physical and mental suffering
Vimparna dukkha - suffering from change
Samkhara dukkha - craving the impossible
What are the three marks existence?
What is the concept of the dependent arising ?
Everything is dependent on conditions or actions i.e karma
People cling onto pleasant feelings which causes suffering from attachment so you need to break free of this to reach nirvana.
What are the seven states of suffering ?
Sorrow and despair
Contact with unpleasantness
Craving of what you can’t have
What is annica ?
Constant change and impermanence
Affects minds , non living things (a nail rusting) and living things (birth then death)
What is annata ?
No fixed self
Buddha taught that we’re made up of :
• form (our bodies)
• sensation (our feelings)
• mental formations
What are the four noble truths ?
1) truth of suffering (dukkha)
2) cause of suffering (samudaya)
3) truth of end of suffering (nirodha)
4) following the path to end suffering (Magga)
How where the noble truths discovered ?
Contain the message of Buddha and we’re discovered while he was meditating.
What are the causes of suffering ?
The three poisons:
What are the eight things in the eightfold path ?
Understanding and intention
Define the word Dhamma
What is a brief outline of the story of Buddha ?
Lived in a palace but then saw the four sights and gave up luxury for an ascetic lifestyle. He realised that starving himself didn’t achieve anything and meditated under a Bodhi tree for fourth night and fourth days
Ending suffering and become selfless. A state of awakening and escaping samara (rebirth)
What views do Theravada Buddhist have ?
Perfection of the noble truths
The blowing out of disturbing emotions (liberation)
The three poisons
What do Mahayana Buddhists believe in ?
Perfections of wisdom
Knowledge into ones true nature and understanding the true self
You shouldn’t strive for enlightenment it’s in everyone just waiting to be discovered