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Flashcards in Buddhism Exam Deck (53)
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1

According to Lopez, what is one reference point for all of the different traditions labelled as Buddhist.

The Buddha

2

Lopez says that writing a book entitled The Story Of Buddhism is a distinctly modern and, until recently, ——— thing to do

Non-Buddhist

3

The Three Jewels of Buddhism are

Buddha, Dharma and Sangha

4

Lopez says that the universe is the product of

Karma

5

Lopez says ——- means wandering in Sanskrit

Samsara

6

Six reals are in the world which are the highest?

Gods

7

——- means extinction/ quenching

Nirvana/nibbana

8

—— means worthy

Arhat

9

The state of —— is described as both is and is not and neither is nor is not

Paticca-samuppada

10

Even happiness is understood to be a form of —— (suffering) because it does not last

Dukkha

11

_____ is the cause of suffering because it is a desire to hold on to things that constantly change and are unsatisfying.

Tanha

12

The Buddhist concept of _______ mean no-self and is very different from the Hindu concept of atman or the Jain concept of Jiva.

Anatta

13

Everything, except nirvana/nibbana is _______, that is, impermanent.

Anicca

14

Miao Shan is:

all of the above (bodhisattva, daughter to a king, vegetarian, unmarried, guanyin)

15

Who is the narrator of the Vessantara Jataka?

Gotama Buddha

16

What are Vessantara's first words?

Mommy, I want to give something

17

Maddi is detained in the forest while Vessantara is giving the children away by

A lion
A tiger
A pard
All of the above

18

Before Vessantara gives the children away, Maddi has a dream of

A man in robes assaulting her

19

When Vessantara gives the children away there is

Earthquake

20

Phusati is

The mother of Vessantara
Maha Maya the mother of Gotama Buddha
A girl who gave a donation to Vipassi Buddha
All of the above

21

_______ was a emperor who reigned from 268-239 BCE and spread Buddhism to most of the Indian sub-continent and beyond.

Asoka

22

Asoka sent his son and daughter as Buddhist missionaries to ______.

Sri Lanka

23

A stupa is another name for a pagoda. It contains ________.

Relics

24

Burmese Buddhists understand the Shwedagon pagoda to contain _____ brought from India by two merchants named Tapussa and Bhallika.

Hairs from the Buddha

25

Mahayana seems to have begun with the production of ______

texts

26

By the time that sutras like the Lotus Sutra were composed three different paths were accepted: the sravaka or listener path, the pratyekabuddha or solitary enlightened one path, and the _____.

Bodhisattva path

27

The story of the Lotus Sutra where the father offers the sons three different carts to tempt them out of a burning building is a good metaphor for the Mahayana concept of _____.

Upaya skillful means

28

In order to become a bodhisattva, one must develop _____ literally , "the aspiration to enlightenment".

Bodhicitta

29

_______ the Buddha of infinite light promised that anyone who hears his name, wishes to be reborn in his Pure Land and dedicates their merit to that end will be reborn there.

Amitabha

30

One of the thirteen practices of great asceticism mentioned by Lopez was dwelling in a charnel ground. What is a charnel ground?

A place where dead bodies are cremated

31

What practice does Lopez says has largely disappeared from Sri Lanka but it present in Thailand (and Burma)?

Daily alms rounds

32

Although most monks are required to be celibate, monks in one country are allowed to marry. Where?

Japan

33

The role of the monk is to maintain a certain purity, largely by keeping an elaborate set of vows. Such purity renders the monks as a suitable _____.

Field of Merit

34

In order to become a novice a boy had to be _____.

Old enough to scare away a crow

35

Bodhisattva vows differ from monastic vows in that is it a violation for those who have taken Bodhisattva vows not to be willing to violate the regulate the vows out of compassion. The story that Lopez uses to illustrate this point results in the Buddha _____.

Committing murder

36

In 1902 the king of Thailand passed the Sangha act that made it illegal for local abbots to _____.

ordain monks

37

According to Thai tradition the monk Phra Malai took eight lotuses as an offering to stupa in the Heaven of the Thirty-Three. What relic did the stupa contain?

Topknot relic

38

The Sutra of the Spell that Brought Deliverance to the Flaming Mouth Hungry Ghost is the basis for the Ghost Festival in China. “The structure of this ritual was that of a _____.”

Feast

39

Chanting is central to much of Buddhist practice. “Its use derives from early Buddhism when . . . a learned person was ‘____’ rather than ‘well read.’”

Much heard

40

The Holy Path of dharma can be described as “1) pariyatti, the study of the teachings 2) ____ the practice of the way 3) pativeda or realization of the states.”

patipatti

41

Devotion to Amitabha is the essence of ____ practice, which centers on the Buddha invocation. This is a repetition of a phrase that translates “Hail to Amitabha Buddha.”

Pure land

42

In a state of _____ concentration, the mind becomes free from all distractions and wavering, in a unified state of inner stillness.

Samadhi

43

One popular meditation is _____ lovingkindness meditation which when developed expands the mind into an immeasurable field of benevolent concern.

Metta

44

The most common calm meditation is the mindfulness of breathing _____.

Anapana sati

45

Calm meditation cannot lead to nirvana. While it can temporarily suspend attachment, hatred and delusion it cannot end them. Only ________ (insight) combined with calm can do this.

Vipassana

46

Insight seeks to experientially recognize the three marks of all things:

Impermanence, unsatisfactoriness and being empty of self

47

How much merit did Emperor Wu earn?
None at all
More than Amitabha Buddha
Enough to be reborn as a Buddha

none

48

You _____, I bow.

Spit

49

Does a dog have buddha nature?
Wu
Mu
Yes

Wu

50

If people already have Buddha nature why do they have to exert themselves to reach enlightenment?

they don't

51

Tibetans debated whether to follow the Chinese sudden path or the Indian gradual path in Buddhism. Which did they choose?

Indian

52

The head of the Geluk school is _____

Dalai lama

53

In Tantra practice one uses elements of _____ to produce visualizations of a transformed universe that reflects the essence of nirvana.

Samsara
Words and sounds
Images and diagrams
Bodies and substances
All of the above.