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Flashcards in Buddhist Beliefs Deck (72):
1

What was significant about Buddha’s birth

Queen Maya/ his mother had a dream about a white elephant that blessed her
Siddhartha could walk and with every step he took lotus flowers sprang

2

What did Siddhartha say at birth

“No further rebirths should I have to endure”

3

What was Siddhartha’s prophecy

If he never saw suffering he would become a king if he did he will become a holy man

4

What was his life of luxury

He lived in a place of luxury to ensure he never saw suffering as he always had the best food and never saw anything die

5

Quote for life of luxury

“I had three mansions”

6

What were the four sights

Old age (an old man)
Illness (someone lying on the road in agony)
Death ( a body being carried through the streets)
A holy man ( a man in rags carrying an alms bowl)

7

What impact did the four sights have on Siddhartha

He saw suffering and realised he wanted to become a holy man he wanted to find the problem of suffering by throwing away all his luxuries

8

What was Buddha’s ascetic life

Buddha lived with no luxuries to try and over come freedom

9

Why did Buddha turn away from the ascetic life

He became too weak to meditate until he was given a bowl of rice and milk by a girl and he realised two little and two much is bad and invented the middle way

10

What happened when Buddha became enlightened

Mara tried to prevent it by
Sending his daughters to seduce him
Armies to attack him
Offered control of his kingdom
And attacking him himself
Buddha acknowledged all his previous lives and overcame suffering by gaining true knowledge about the nature of reality

11

What are the three watches of the night

1) deep meditation
2) acknowledging previous lives
3) understanding the four noble truths

12

Quote for Buddha’s enlightenment

“Until I attain the supreme enlightenment will I give up this seat of meditation”

13

What does dhama mean

The truth
1) all those who are enlightened follow Buddha’s teachings
2) nuns and monks
3) the community of the those who follow Buddha’s teachings

14

What is dhama

One of the three jewels

15

What is dependant arising

The concept that nothing is permanent as everything relies on everything else and that everything is a constant process of change

16

Give quoteS for dependant arising

“Every wave is related to every other wave”
“All events and incidents in life are so intimately linked with the fate of others that a single person on his own cannot even begin to act”

17

What are the three marks of existence

1) Dukkha
2) Anicca
3) Anatta

18

What is dukkha

Dukkha is suffering

19

What are the types of suffering

Emotional or physical suffering
Change
Attachment

20

How can we reduce suffering

Right actions and intentions (following eight fold path)

21

What is anicca

Impermanence

22

How is Annica thought of

It affects living and non living things and our minds

23

How is anicca related to Dukkha

When things change (anicca) it causes suffering (Dukkha)

24

What is the story of Lisa Gotami

Her son died
She went to the Buddha asking him to bring him back to life
He asked her to get a mustard seed from any house that has never faced death
She realised everyone had faced death
This showed anicca

25

What is anatta

No fixed self

26

Quote for anatta

“If all the harm (...) in the world occurred due to me grasping on to the self what use is this great demon to me”

27

What are the five aggregates

1) form (our mind)
2) sensation (our feelings)
3) perception (our recognition of what things are)
4) mental formations (our thoughts)
5) consciousness ( our awareness of things)

28

What are the four noble truths

1) suffering exists (Dukkha)
2) suffering is caused by something (Samudaya)
3) suffering can end (nirodha)
4) there is a way to bring about the end to suffering (magga)

29

Why is Dukkha important (four noble truths)

We can recognise that suffering is a part of life and that we should not combat suffering with temporary pleasures

30

Quote for Dukkha

“Illness is suffering, death is suffering”

31

What did Buddha teach about happiness

They are temporary so we could crave them which causes more suffering

32

What does Samudaya teach

It teaches the concept of Tanha which means thirst or craving which is a cause of suffering

33

What are the three types of craving

Craving things that please the senses
Craving to be something your not
Craving not to be

34

What are the three poisons

Ignorance
Greed
Hatred

35

Quote for Samudaya

“Craving for existence craving for extermination”

36

What does Nirodha teach

Suffering can be ended through right actions and effort
People should let go of things to avoid suffering
To stop suffering have an inner satisfaction

37

Quote for nirodha

“Fading away and cessation of that same craving”

38

What does magga teach

Suffering can be ended through the eight fold path

39

Quote for magga

“The doctrine and the order as a refuge he perceives proper knowledge of the four noble truths”

40

What is the eight fold path

Right:
Speech
Action
Livelihood
Effort
Mindfulness
Concentration
Understanding
Intention

41

What is an Arhat

A perfected person who focuses on becoming enlightened which means they break the cycle of Samsara
Therevada

42

Quote for Arhats

“I alone am the fully enlightened one”

43

What is a Bodhisattva

A person who is nearly enlightened but helps others to be enlightened
Mahayana

44

What are the six perfections

Morality
Generosity
Patient
Energy
Meditation
Wisdom

45

Quote for Bodhisattva

“I vow to save them”

46

What is therevada buddhism what countries are apart of it

The oldest school in buddhism and Sri Lanka and Thailand

47

What do Therevada Buddhists focus on

The three refuges eg nuns and monks
Therevada monastics devote their whole life to becoming enlightened
They strongly believe in the five aggregates

48

How do Therevada Buddhists view Buddha

He is still active within the world

49

How do Mahayana Buddhists view Buddha

As a historical figure

50

What do Mahayana Buddhists focus on

Sunyata
Focus on achieving Buddha-nature

51

What is pure land buddhism

Part of Mahayana tradition

52

Where is pure land buddhism practiced

Japan

53

What do pure land Buddhists believe

They hope to be reborn in paradise in the ‘pure land’

54

How can the pure land be reached

Through reciting meditating on the Amitabha Buddha and worshipping the paradise

55

Give two quotes for pure land buddhism

“It is rich in a great variety of flowers”
“Even bad men will be received in Buddha’s land”

56

What does sunyata mean

Emptiness

57

What concept does sunyata teach

That nothing has a fixed independent unchanging nature

58

How does sunyata help

It can lead to trust compassion and selflessness

59

How is sunyata different to anatta

It applies to all things rather than human beings

60

What does Sunyata relate to

Anatta

61

What are the three marks of existence

Dukkha
Anicca
Anatta

62

For Dukkha in the three marks of existence what does it teach

-suffering is inevitable
-Buddhists reduce it through Buddha’s teachings

63

Give a quote for three marks of existence Dukkha

“What I teach is suffering and the cessation of suffering”

64

What is anicca

Impermanence

65

What does Anicca lead to

-letting go of things that we are attached to or impermanent
-leads to less suffering

66

What does anicca affect

Living
Non living
Peoples minds

67

What story shows Anicca

Kisa Gotama

68

What is Anatta

The idea that there is no fixed or permanent self

69

How does the five aggregates relate to Anatta

All parts of a person are not unchanging which explains the meaning of Anatta

70

What do therevada buddhists believe about the four noble truths

Leads to enlightenment

71

What do Mahayana Buddhists

He development of compassion is important is understanding the four noble truths

72

Give a quote for tanha (means craving)

“It is craving which leads to renewed existence”