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Flashcards in Buddhist Practices Deck (55):
1

Name two features of a Buddhist temple

-Buddha rupas, found in the main halls (statues of Buddha)
-Stupas a tower or room containing relics of important Buddhists

2

Give two reasons why shrines are important

-they provide a focal point for Buddhists to show devotion
-a way of showing gratitude to Buddha

3

Why are offerings given to a shrine and give an example

-they act as reminders of Buddha’s teaching
-flowers are offered as they decay and show impermanence

4

Give two reasons why monasteries are important

-a place of discipline and study
-shows devotion

5

What is an important part of a monastery

Stupa

6

Give two reasons why puja (worship) is important

-express gratitude towards Buddha
-deepen understanding of Buddha’s teachings

7

Give two reasons why chanting is important

-shows devotion
-calm and focus the mind

8

What is a mantra

A sequence of sacred syllables

9

Why is chanting mantras important

-concentrates the mind
-they contain magical powers and spiritual qualities of Buddha and bodhisttavs

10

What is a mala

Prayer beads

11

What is Samatha meditation

Calming meditation

12

Give three reasons why Samatha meditation is important

-allows a deeper concentration
-good preparation for Vipissana meditation
-helps to become more mindful and aware

13

Give two quotes for Samatha meditation

“Even the Gods envy those who are awakened and mindful”
“Do not encumber your mind wig useless thoughts”

14

What are the three aims of Vipassana meditation

1) understand are everything is characterised by the three marks of existence
2) develop a greater wisdom about the world
3) achieve enlightenment

15

What do people focus on is Vipassana meditation

Objects/Kasinas

16

What does Zazen meditation mean

Seated meditation

17

Where is Zazen practiced

Zazen buddhism Japan

18

Why is Zazen meditation important

Leads to a deeper understanding of the nature of existence

19

What happens during Zazen meditation

Sitting relaxing and for using on the mindfulness of breathing

20

What is walking meditation

Consists of walking slowly and combining the movement of the feet with breathing

21

What can walking meditation be used for

Samatha and Vippisana meditation

22

Give a quote for walking meditation

“Your objective is to attain total alertness (...) unblocked experience of the motion of walking”

23

Give two differences between Samatha meditation and Vipassana meditation

-Samatha develops concentration and calms the mind
-Vipassana is about understanding the three marks of existence

24

How are objects used in visualisation

-helps for concentration
-helps to engage with spiritual qualities

25

Why do Tibetan Buddhists visualise deities

-focus on the spiritual qualities of the deity being visualised
-helps to awaken Buddha-nature

26

Give an example of Buddha’s that may be visualised during meditation

-the medicine Buddha to promote healing powers
- Amitabha Buddha to be reborn in the pure land

27

What else is used in visualisations

-thangkas detailed paintings of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas
-mandala a detailed colourful circle shaped pattern using sand which are brushed away

28

What do Therevada Buddhists do when someone has died

-they transfer good merits
-they offer new robes to a monk or donate money
-person has a more favourable rebirth

29

What do Tibetan Buddhists do when someone has died

-sky burial
- body left on a mountain as a gift to the vultures
-shows impermanence

30

What do Japanese Buddhists do when someone has died

-they have pure land funerals
-chant he Amitbha’s Buddha’s name
-they are reborn in the pure land

31

Why do Buddhists celebrate Wesak

-celebrate Buddha’s life
-honour the Buddha’s teachings

32

What is the meaning of light in Wesak

Enlightenment and overcoming ignorance

33

What do people do during Wesak

-light their homes with candles
-make offerings to Buddha

34

Why do Buddhists celebrate Parinirvana

-celebrates Buddha’s passing into Parinirvana
- Buddhists can reflect on death and those who have recently died
-shows impermanence

35

What do Buddhists do during Parinirvana

-read scripture
-meditate
-go on retreats and reflect

36

What is Kamma

It explains how the intentions of a person’s actions lead to happiness or suffering

37

How does Kamma relate to rebirth

Depending on someone’s actions they are reborn into the six realms

38

What are the six realms

-animals
-angry Gods
-god’s
-humans
-hungry ghosts
-tormented beings

39

How does Kamma relate to Buddhist ethics

-acting skilfully reduces suffering
-acting skill fully leads to enlightenment

40

Give a quote for Kamma

“One might be freed from evil action”

41

What is Karuna

Compassion

42

Why is Karuna important

Essential quality for Bodhisattvas

43

What does Karuna mean

To feel concerned for the suffering of others

44

What are he four sublime states

1) loving kindness
2) compassion
3) sympathetic joy
4) equanimity

45

What is Rokpa

A charity set up in the 1980s motivated by compassion who help families through poverty

46

Give a quote for Karuna

“The key to a happier and more successful world is the growth of compassion” the delai lama

47

What is metta

Loving kindness

48

What does metta lead to

Happiness and peace

49

What does metta do

-reduces the tendency to act out of negative emotions
-helps to overcome suffering

50

What is loving kindness meditation

Helps Buddhists to develop an attitude of metta
Reflects on the positive qualities of a person and any acts of kindness

51

Give two quotes for metta

“Loving kindness is the wish that all may enjoy happiness”
“Loving kindness towards all the world”

52

What are the five moral precepts

1) Abstain from taking life
2) abstain from what is not freely given
3) abstain from sexual misconduct
4) abstain from wrong speech
5) abstain from intoxicants that cloud the mind

53

Give a quote for the five moral precepts

“Whoever destroys a living creature (...) digs up his own root here in this very world”

54

What are the six perfections

1)generosity
2)morality
3)patience
4)energy
5)meditation
6)wisdom

55

Why are the six perfections important

They are qualities needed to become a bodhisattva