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History Final > Building a national economy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Building a national economy Deck (28):
1

lives of workers

terrible, low wages. long day. full weeks. bad sanitation. no light. minimal breaks

2

eli whitney

inventor of cotton gin

3

cotton gin

machine that quickly and easily seperates cotton fibers from their seeds

4

samuel slater

early english industrialist known as the father of the american industrial revolution

5

steam engine

engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power

6

tenement

room or set of rooms forming a seperate residence within a house or apartment

7

factory life

poor

8

unions

legally recognized as reps of workers in many industries in the us

9

interchangable parts

made to specifications that ensure that they are so nearly identical that they will fit into any assemly of the same type

10

railroads

means of conveyance of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles

11

gadsden purchase

29,670 square mile region of present day southern arizona and southwestern new mexico that was purchased by the united states in a treaty

12

wilmont proviso

designed to eliminate slavery within the land acquired as a result of the mexican war

13

compromise of 1850

5 bills passed by congress which defused a four year political confrontation between slave and free statesrevarding the status of territories acquired during the mexican american war.

14

fugitive slave act

plpart of comp of 1850 between southern slave holding interests and northern free soldiers

15

uncle toms cabin

anti slaver novel by american author heriet beecher stowe

16

dred scott case

and landmark descision by the us supreme court in which the court held a "negro"

17

kansas nebraska act

alliwed people in the territories of both to decide weather or not to allow slavery within their borders

18

harpers ferry

john browns raid. an effort by white abolitionist john brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a united states arsenal at harpers ferry, viginia

19

abes views of slavery

claimed he was against slavery but never took action

20

election of 1860

19th election. served as the immediate impetus for for the outbreak of the american civil wat

21

sectionalism

restriction of interest to a narrow sphere.

22

secession

the act of withdrawing formally from union

23

hattiet beecher stowe

author of anti slavery novel uncle toms cabin

24

dred scott

enslaved AA man in us who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom and that of his family

25

john brow

american abolitionist who believed in armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the instutution of slavery

26

stephen douglass

designed of the kansas nebraska act

27

popular soverignty

the principle that the authority of a stat and its gov is created and sustained by the by the consent of its people through their representativesp

28

industrial rev

name of movement in which machines changed peoples way of life as well as their methods of manufacture