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Pathology Pt. 5 > Buzzwords > Flashcards

Flashcards in Buzzwords Deck (55)
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1

Brushfield spots in the iris

Down syndrome

2

Single palmar crease

Down syndrome

3

Barr body

Klinefelter

4

Gynecomastia

Klinefelter

5

Silver-white scaly lesion

Psoriasis

6

Neutrophils in the stratum corneum

Psoriasis

7

multiple minute bleeding points

Psoriasis

8

edema between keratinocytes

eczema

9

Undulant epidermal hyperplasia

verrucae (common to both forms)

10

Blue-gray elastic fibers

actinic keratosis

11

Keratin pearls

squamous cell carcinoma

12

elevated serum creatine kinase

muscular dystrophy

13

dystrophin

Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy

14

pseudohypertrophy of calves

Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy

15

red granular stuff in sarcoplasm (ragged red fibers)

mitochondrial myopathy

16

para-crystalline "parking lot inclusions" in the cristae of mitochondria

mitochondrial myopathy

17

PAX3-FKHR gene fusion

rhabdomyosarcoma

18

its worse to be a man

melanoma

19

tadpole and strap cells

rhabdomyosarcoma

20

a1 or a2 type 1 collagen mutation

osteogenesis imperfecta

21

Blue sclera

Osteogenesis imperfecta TYPE 1!

22

Point mutation (gain of function) in FGFR3

Achondroplasia

23

Increased osteoclasts

Type 1 (postmenopausal) osteoporosis

24

Dowager's hump

aka kyphosis. Osteoporosis

25

Decreased osteoblasts

Type 2 (senile) osteoporosis

26

diffuse pain, aspirin doesn't help

osteoblastoma

27

aspirin helps

osteoid osteoma

28

central radiolucent nidus, rim of sclerotic bone

osteoid osteoma or osteoblastoma

29

elevated serum alkaline phosphatase

osteosarcoma

30

lifted periosteum --> Codman Triangle

osteosarcoma