C 1.5 products from oil Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C 1.5 products from oil Deck (19)
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1

What are plant oils?

Plant oils are oils derived from plant sources, as opposed to animal fats or petroleum.

2

What is the formula for ethanol?

C2H5OH

3

What is a emulsifier?

A substance that stabilizes an emulsion, in particular an additive used to stabilize processed foods.

4

What is cracking?

splitting up long chain hydrocarbons by passing vapour over a hot catalyst.

5

How is oil extracted from plant material?

pressing, steam distillation or solvent extraction

6

What catalyst is used in cracking?

Aluminium oxide

7

What properties do emulsions have?

They are thicker than oil or water so more spreadable. The more oil the thicker the emulsion is.

8

What are the advantages and disadvantages of reacting ethene with steam?

cheap, not much wasted, pure, fast and non renewable

9

Why are vegetable oils good for you?

They contain essential nutrients and fatty acids and provide energy.

10

What does the term hydrophobic mean?

Water hating

11

What does the term hydrophilic mean?

Water loving

12

What is the hydrophobic tail attracted to in an emulsion?

The oil

13

What is the hydrophilic head attracted to in an emulsion?

The water

14

Give an example of an emulsifier.

Egg yolk, mustard, washing up liquid or lecithin.

15

Give an example of an emulsion.

Ice cream, salad dressing, mayonnaise.

16

Give an example of an oil extracted by pressing.

Olive oil, peanut oil, sunflower oil

17

Give an example of an oil extracted by steam distillation.

Lavender oil, rose oil

18

Why do chips cook faster than boiled potatoes?

The boiling point of oil is much higher than the boiling point of water.

19

Why do chips contain more fat than boiled potatoes?

The chips absorb fat when cooking.