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Medieval Literature > Canterbury Tales > Flashcards

Flashcards in Canterbury Tales Deck (54)
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1

Knight

true knight, not wearing fancy clothes because he just returned from war in his poor tunic

2

Squire

Only does a little training to gain women's love, spent time curling his hair, all dressed up

3

Yeoman

Farmer, dressed in horn, armor, St. Christopher's medal that guaranteed protection, only cares for himself

4

Prioress

Cares for animals only, fat (didn't fast), dainty and proper, decked in gold

5

Monk

Fat, fancy boots, fancy horse, bridles that jiggled as loud as the church bells, uncloistered, didn't follow the rules because it didn't agree with his comfort zone

6

Sergeant

great lawyer, intimidating

7

Franklin

gives much food, angry at cook when not

8

Haberdasher

men's furnishing

9

Haberdasher, Dyer, Carpenter, Weaver, Carpet-maker

wealthy, show off their mantles in church like a queen

10

Cook

excellent in cooking

11

Shipman

Thief - he stole wine from sleeping traders, killed any prisoners, excellent in sailing

12

Friar

doesn't stay in monasteries, sold penances so that he could use the money on himself in bars, inns - he didn't want to stay with the lowly

13

Merchant

Claims he is increasing in wealth, but he is in debt with loans and bargains

14

Clerk

He has education, but he loves books too much and loves teaching. Nerdy.

15

Doctor

extremely good in practicing, uses the course of favorable planets to medicate and examine

16

Wife of bath

Intimidating, sells merchandise of cloth, very large, married five times

17

Parson

Preaches gospel, gives to poor, loves God, follows Bible

18

Plowman

happy with job, loves God, cheerful doing all things

19

Miller

steals the grain instead of grinding it, charges three times the amount, had awful might, red beard, red wart, strong, foolish and said disgusting stories

20

Manciple

organizes food/resources for the lawyers, always wins over the educated men, hints he is cheating

21

Reeve

manages a master's household, keeps treasury, uses that money to please the master

22

Summoner

Summon sinners, garlic breath, pimples incurable, bribed people for drinks, allowed immorality since its hinted he has prostitutes in his house

23

Pardoner

Gives out pardons by the church, likes to rob poor of 2 months pay, great speaker so he convinces them to pay

24

Host

jolly, creative, hospitable

25

When did Geoffrey Chaucer live?

1343-1400

26

What does Canterbury show a picture of?

medieval life

27

How good a writer was Geoffrey?

Third in line

28

Describe the age this was written in.

It was deeply Christian, highly Catholic

29

Describe Chaucer's life

-Born into a family of wine merchants
- 14 years --> paige in the house of Countess Blanche
- When Blanche marries prince John of Gaunt, son of King Edward…
- 16 - squire, accompanies John's armies to France
- John of Gaunt buys him back (16 pounds) from France (special relationship because Chaucer credited his work to Blanche
- Chaucer travels with John as diplomat (rich life) and secret missions.
- When King Edward dies, Chaucer writes more
- Even Shakespeare writes a play after a poem
- Marries Filopa (lady in waiting to Edward's queen)

30

What was the language of Literature in that time and what was the Cant. tales written in

French (bc of William the Conquerer). Cant. tales written in vernacular (language of the common people). It was as popular as the Bible at that time.