Flashcards in CAP Test 2016 3rd Year Deck (114)
In advanced CKD, what are often needed to maintain serum phosphate within the normal range?
Does phosphate tend to be low or high in CKD?
Under what level of iron in the blood should require blood transfusion rather than just oral iron?
When is IV iron indicated?
if there is no response to oral iron or a rapid increase in haemoglobin is needed e.g. major surgery
If one pill was missed in a pack, what should be advised?
take the missing pill now, resume as normal with next pill
When should extra measures be taken with missed contraceptive pills?
if two or more pills have been missed
What colour is CSF in viral meningitis?
What does xanthochromic CSF suggest?
What does cloudy CSF suggest?
acute bacterial infection
What colour is CSF normally or in MS?
What would the predominant white cells in CSF be in an acute bacterial infection?
In whom are oligoclonal bands present?
MS patients (over 90%)
Does protein level increase or decrease in an acute bacterial infection on CSF?
How are neutrophils recognized?
Which 3 cell types have segmented nuclei?
neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils
How can basophils be identified?
purple/black striking granules
How can eosinophils be identified?
red striking granules
Are neutrophils raised in pyogenic infections?
What is the area responsible for receptive aphasia?
What is the area responsible for expressive aphasia?
What is the area responsible for nominal aphasia?
What would be the cause for amenorrhea in a teenager who has never had a period, but whose breasts have developed and is a normal height and weight?
Secondary amenorrhea, and previous chemotherapy?
Secondary amenorrhea with facial/abdominal hair growth?
What may explain bilateral leg oedema?
low serum albumin, which could be caused by nephrotic syndrome, where proteinuria occurs
Dysfunction of what causes dysfunction of the posterior columns of the spinal tract?
What is the main mechanism of action of lamotrigine?
blockage of voltage sensitive sodium channels
Mode of inheritance for Wilson's?
Mode of inheritance for Becker's MD?
X linked recessive