Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (18)
Which insulin do you give once a day?
basal (long acting) eg lantus
Which diabetic drug is weight neutral?
DPP4 inhibitors eg sitagliptin
What is strawberry milkshake coloured blood?
What are the calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphate levels in Paget's disease?
normal calcium and phosphate, high alkaline phosphate
Which hormone tests for pregnancy?
Which hormone peaks before ovulation?
LH (about 12 hrs before)
Which hormone is used to test for fertility?
Which is Paget's?
increased osteoclastic reabsorption followed by increased osteoblastic activity
Key words for Paget's?
family history, male, old age, FH, bone pain (pelvis, lumbar spine, femur)
What is Pagets linked to?
deafness, cardiac failure, fractures, skull thickening
What is osteomalacia in children?
What are the calcium, phosphate and alk, phosphate levels in osteomalacia?
low calcium and phosphate
What happens to bone in osteomalacia?
abnormal softening of bone due to mineralization of osteoid (immature) bone
Causes of osteomalacia?
malabsorption, poor diet or lack of sunlight
Symptoms/signs of osteomalacia?
bone pain, tenderness, fractures (especially femoral neck), proximal myopathy, waddling gait
Treatment of Paget's?
Treatment of osteomalacia?
vit D therapy
with calcium and phosphate supplements