Capitulo 4 - Grammar Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Capitulo 4 - Grammar Deck (350)
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1

Cerrar

to close

2

Pensar

to think

3

Empezar

to begin

4

Perder

to lose

5

Encender

to light/turn on

6

cierro

I close

7

pienso

I think

8

empiezo

I begin

9

pierdo

I lose

10

enciendo

I light/turn on

11

cierras

you close (inf sing)

12

piensas

you think (inf sing)

13

empiezas

you begin (inf sing)

14

pierdes

you lose (inf sing)

15

enciendas

you light/turn on (inf sing)

16

cierra

you/he/she closes (form sing)

17

piensa

you/he/she thinks (form sing)

18

empieza

you/he/she begins (form sing)

19

pierde

you/he/she loses (form sing)

20

enciende

you/he/she to light/turn on (form sing)

21

cerramos

we close

22

pensamos

we think

23

empezamos

we begin

24

perdemos

we lose

25

encendemos

we light/turn on

26

cerráis

you close (inf plural)

27

pensáis

you think (inf plural)

28

empezáis

you begin (inf plural)

29

perdáis

you lose (inf plural)

30

encendéis

you light/turn on (inf plural)

31

cierran

they close

32

piensen

they think

33

empiezan

they begin

34

pierden

they lose

35

encienden

they light/turn on

36

jugar

to play

37

dormir

to sleep

38

volver

to return/go back

39

almorzar

to have lunch

40

juego

I play

41

duermo

I sleep

42

vuelvo

I return/go back

43

almuerzo

I have lunch

44

juegas

you play (inf sing)

45

duermes

you sleep (inf sing)

46

vuelves

you return/go back (inf sing)

47

almuerzas

you have lunch (inf sing)

48

juega

you play (form sing)

49

duerme

you sleep (form sing)

50

vuelve

you return/go back (form sing)

51

almuerza

you have lunch (form sing)

52

jugamos

we play

53

dormimos

we sleep

54

volvemos

we return/go back

55

almorzamos

we lunch

56

jugáis

you play (inf plural)

57

dormís

you sleep (inf plural)

58

volvéis

you return/go back (inf plural)

59

almorzáis

you have lunch (inf plural)

60

juegan

they play

61

duermen

they sleep

62

vuelven

they return/go back

63

almuerzan

they have lunch

64

venir

to come

65

salir

to leave/go out

66

poner

to put

67

vengo

I come

68

salgo

I leave/go out

69

pongo

I put

70

vienes

you come (inf sing)

71

sales

you leave/go out (inf sing)

72

pones

you put (inf sing)

73

viene

you come (form sing)

74

sale

you leave/go out (form sing)

75

pone

you put (form sing)

76

venimos

we come

77

salimos

we leave/go out

78

ponemos

we put

79

venís

you come (inf plural)

80

salís

you leave/go out (inf plural)

81

ponéis

you put (inf plural)

82

vienen

they come

83

salen

they leave/go out

84

ponen

they put

85

traer

to bring

86

oír

to hear

87

hacer

to do/make

88

decir

to say/tell

89

traigo

I bring

90

oigo

I hear

91

hago

I do/make

92

digo

I say/tell

93

traes

you bring (inf sing)

94

oyes

you hear (inf sing)

95

haces

you do/make (inf sing)

96

dices

I say/tell (inf sing)

97

trae

you/he/she brings (form sing)

98

oye

you/he/she hears (form sing)

99

hace

you/he/she does/makes (form sing)

100

dice

you/he/she tells/says (form sing)

101

traemos

we bring

102

oímos

we hear

103

hacemos

we do/make

104

decimos

we tell/say

105

traéis

you bring (inf plural)

106

oís

you hear (inf plural)

107

hacéis

you do/make (inf plural)

108

decís

you say/tell (inf plural)

109

traen

they bring

110

oyen

they hear

111

hacen

they do/make

112

dicen

they say/tell

113

levantarse

to get up

114

me levantas

I get up

115

te levantas

you get up (inf sing)

116

se levanta

you/he/she gets up (form sing)

117

nos levantamos

we get up

118

os levantáis

you get up (inf plural)

119

se levantan

they get up

120

Indicate that someone does something to themselves. In Spanish they are preceded by reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nos, os)

What is a reflexive? and whats special about them in Spanish

121

acostarse

to go to bed

122

despertarse

to wake up

123

bañarse

to take a bath

124

ducharse

to take a shower

125

lavarse el pelo

to wash my hair

126

secarse

to dry off

127

afeitarse

to shave

128

lavarse los dientes

to brush ones teeth

129

peinarse

to comb ones hair

130

maquillarse

to put on make up

131

ponerse la rope

to put on clothes

132

quitarse la ropa

to take off clothes

133

(des)vestirse

to (un)dress

134

me acuesto

I go to bed

135

se acuesta

you/he/she goes to bed (form sing)

136

me despierto

I wake up

137

se despierta

you/he/she wakes up (form sing)

138

me levanto

I get up

139

se levanta

you/he/she gets up (form sing)

140

me baño

I take a bath

141

se baña

you/he/she takes a bath (form sing)

142

me ducho

I take a shower

143

se ducha

you/he/she takes a shower (form sing)

144

me lavo

I wash

145

se lava

you/he/she washes (form sing)

146

me seco

I dry off

147

se seca

you/he/she dries off (form sing)

148

me afeito

I shave

149

se afeita

you/he/she shaves (form sing)

150

me pieno

I comb

151

se piena

you/he/she combs (form sing)

152

me maquillo

I put on makeup

153

se maquillo

you/he/she puts on makeup (form sing)

154

me pongo

I put on

155

se pone

you/he/she puts on (form sing)

156

me quito

I take off

157

se quita

you/he/she takes off (form sing)

158

me (des)visto

I (un) dress

159

se (des)viste

you/he/she (un)dresses (form sing)

160

primero

first

161

luego

then

162

después

afterward

163

más tarde

later (on)

164

antes

before

165

finalmente

finally

166

por último

at last

167

to describe states

Estar is used to?

168

Estar

to be

169

estoy

I am

170

estás

you are (inf sing)

171

está

you/he/she is (form sing)

172

estamos

we are

173

estáis

you are (inf plural)

174

están

they are

175

Tener + noun

More physiological states (e.g. hunger, sleepy. thirsty) are described using?

176

to close

Cerrar

177

to think

Pensar

178

to begin

Empezar

179

to lose

Perder

180

to light/turn on

Encender

181

I close

cierro

182

I think

pienso

183

I begin

empiezo

184

I lose

pierdo

185

I light/turn on

enciendo

186

you close (inf sing)

cierras

187

you think (inf sing)

piensas

188

you begin (inf sing)

empiezas

189

you lose (inf sing)

pierdes

190

you light/turn on (inf sing)

enciendas

191

you/he/she closes (form sing)

cierra

192

you/he/she thinks (form sing)

piensa

193

you/he/she begins (form sing)

empieza

194

you/he/she loses (form sing)

pierde

195

you/he/she to light/turn on (form sing)

enciende

196

we close

cerramos

197

we think

pensamos

198

we begin

empezamos

199

we lose

perdemos

200

we light/turn on

encendemos

201

you close (inf plural)

cerráis

202

you think (inf plural)

pensáis

203

you begin (inf plural)

empezáis

204

you lose (inf plural)

perdáis

205

you light/turn on (inf plural)

encendéis

206

they close

cierran

207

they think

piensen

208

they begin

empiezan

209

they lose

pierden

210

they light/turn on

encienden

211

to play

jugar

212

to sleep

dormir

213

to return/go back

volver

214

to have lunch

almorzar

215

I play

juego

216

I sleep

duermo

217

I return/go back

vuelvo

218

I have lunch

almuerzo

219

you play (inf sing)

juegas

220

you sleep (inf sing)

duermes

221

you return/go back (inf sing)

vuelves

222

you have lunch (inf sing)

almuerzas

223

you play (form sing)

juega

224

you sleep (form sing)

duerme

225

you return/go back (form sing)

vuelve

226

you have lunch (form sing)

almuerza

227

we play

jugamos

228

we sleep

dormimos

229

we return/go back

volvemos

230

we lunch

almorzamos

231

you play (inf plural)

jugáis

232

you sleep (inf plural)

dormís

233

you return/go back (inf plural)

volvéis

234

you have lunch (inf plural)

almorzáis

235

they play

juegan

236

they sleep

duermen

237

they return/go back

vuelven

238

they have lunch

almuerzan

239

to come

venir

240

to leave/go out

salir

241

to put

poner

242

I come

vengo

243

I leave/go out

salgo

244

I put

pongo

245

you come (inf sing)

vienes

246

you leave/go out (inf sing)

sales

247

you put (inf sing)

pones

248

you come (form sing)

viene

249

you leave/go out (form sing)

sale

250

you put (form sing)

pone

251

we come

venimos

252

we leave/go out

salimos

253

we put

ponemos

254

you come (inf plural)

venís

255

you leave/go out (inf plural)

salís

256

you put (inf plural)

ponéis

257

they come

vienen

258

they leave/go out

salen

259

they put

ponen

260

to bring

traer

261

to hear

oír

262

to do/make

hacer

263

to say/tell

decir

264

I bring

traigo

265

I hear

oigo

266

I do/make

hago

267

I say/tell

digo

268

you bring (inf sing)

traes

269

you hear (inf sing)

oyes

270

you do/make (inf sing)

haces

271

I say/tell (inf sing)

dices

272

you/he/she brings (form sing)

trae

273

you/he/she hears (form sing)

oye

274

you/he/she does/makes (form sing)

hace

275

you/he/she tells/says (form sing)

dice

276

we bring

traemos

277

we hear

oímos

278

we do/make

hacemos

279

we tell/say

decimos

280

you bring (inf plural)

traéis

281

you hear (inf plural)

oís

282

you do/make (inf plural)

hacéis

283

you say/tell (inf plural)

decís

284

they bring

traen

285

they hear

oyen

286

they do/make

hacen

287

they say/tell

dicen

288

to get up

levantarse

289

I get up

me levantas

290

you get up (inf sing)

te levantas

291

you/he/she gets up (form sing)

se levanta

292

we get up

nos levantamos

293

you get up (inf plural)

os levantáis

294

they get up

se levantan

295

What is a reflexive? and whats special about them in Spanish

Indicate that someone does something to themselves. In Spanish they are preceded by reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nos, os)

296

to go to bed

acostarse

297

to wake up

despertarse

298

to take a bath

bañarse

299

to take a shower

ducharse

300

to wash my hair

lavarse el pelo

301

to dry off

secarse

302

to shave

afeitarse

303

to brush ones teeth

lavarse los dientes

304

to comb ones hair

peinarse

305

to put on make up

maquillarse

306

to put on clothes

ponerse la rope

307

to take off clothes

quitarse la ropa

308

to (un)dress

(des)vestirse

309

I go to bed

me acuesto

310

you/he/she goes to bed (form sing)

se acuesta

311

I wake up

me despierto

312

you/he/she wakes up (form sing)

se despierta

313

I get up

me levanto

314

you/he/she gets up (form sing)

se levanta

315

I take a bath

me baño

316

you/he/she takes a bath (form sing)

se baña

317

I take a shower

me ducho

318

you/he/she takes a shower (form sing)

se ducha

319

I wash

me lavo

320

you/he/she washes (form sing)

se lava

321

I dry off

me seco

322

you/he/she dries off (form sing)

se seca

323

I shave

me afeito

324

you/he/she shaves (form sing)

se afeita

325

I comb

me pieno

326

you/he/she combs (form sing)

se piena

327

I put on makeup

me maquillo

328

you/he/she puts on makeup (form sing)

se maquillo

329

I put on

me pongo

330

you/he/she puts on (form sing)

se pone

331

I take off

me quito

332

you/he/she takes off (form sing)

se quita

333

I (un) dress

me (des)visto

334

you/he/she (un)dresses (form sing)

se (des)viste

335

first

primero

336

then

luego

337

afterward

después

338

later (on)

más tarde

339

before

antes

340

finally

finalmente

341

at last

por último

342

Estar is used to?

to describe states

343

to be

Estar

344

I am

estoy

345

you are (inf sing)

estás

346

you/he/she is (form sing)

está

347

we are

estamos

348

you are (inf plural)

estáis

349

they are

están

350

More physiological states (e.g. hunger, sleepy. thirsty) are described using?

Tener + noun