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Flashcards in Captains Test 2021 Deck (303)
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1

The Automatic aid system is a consortium of governments that agree to act as ___?

-One entity for purpose of improved fire/rescue/ems.

2

What will we provide on every call?

-Excellent customer service on each and every call.

3

What does the SOP define as a customer?

-Any person who receives our services and anyone with who our members have dealings (including our own members).

4

What is every interaction an opportunity for?

-To solve their problem and leave a positive, lasting impression.

5

What questions allow a member to determine if they are empowered to provide exceptional customer service without asking for permission?

-Is it right for the customer? Is it right for the department? Is it legal, ethical, and nice? Is it safe? Is it on your organizational level? Is it something you are willing to be accountable for? Is it consistent with our departments values and policies?

6

CALSSRC delegates official authority and trusts its members with the power to provide customer service to_____?

-Their level of ability and imagination.

7

What are company officers and command officers responsible for, with relation to customer service?

-Provide a work environment in which exceptional customer service and added value are the result of a refined system where members are empowered to operate between the lines. Basic organizational behavior must be customer oriented. Invest in human resource by keeping customer service a part of an ongoing development process. Take responsibility for themselves and their subordinates and expand authority in others. Sustain and enhance regional commitment and consistency in the execution of professional services and customer satisfaction.

8

What system will we always operate under at the incident scene?

-The incident command system.

9

What system do we take components from to operate our system?

-NIMS.

10

What are command procedures designed to do?

-Fix the responsibility for command on a certain individual through a standard identification system dependent upon the arrival sequence of members and companies. Ensure a strong, direct and visible command will be established from the onset of the incident. Establish an effective incident organization defining the activities and responsibilities assigned to the IC and other individuals operating within the ICS. Provide as sytem to process information to support incident management, planning, and decision-making. Provide a system for the orderly transfer of command to subsequent arriving officers. Ensure a seamless transition from Type 5/4 incident to type 3/2/1.

11

What are the roles/responsibilities of Shift Commanders in
the ICS?

-Manage battalions and supervise BCs, occupy position of senior advisor on the command team at greater alarm incidents.

12

What are the roles/responsibilities of Battalion Chiefs in the
ICS?

-Manage companies and supervise company officers. Occupy position of IC. Occupy position of Sector Officer. Occupy position of IC on command team during first and greater alarms.

13

What are the roles/responsibilities of Captains in the ICS?

-Occupy position of IC. Occupy position of sector officer. Manage task level activities and supervise firefighters.

14

Who is responsible for the completion of tactical objectives
at an incident?

-Incident Commander is responsible.

15

What are the tactical objectives?

-Rescue (primary all clear), Fire control, Property Conservation (loss stop).

16

What are the standard activities that are performed by the IC to achieve the tactical objectives?

-the functions of command.

17

What are the 8 functions of command?

-1. Assume and announce command – establish effective initial command position (post).
​2. Rapidly evaluate the situation (size up).
​3. Initiate, maintain, and control effective incident communications.
​4. Provide and manage a steady, adequate, and timely stream of appropriate resources.
5. Identify the incident strategy, develop an IAP, and assigned companies and personnel consistent with plans and standard operating procedures.
6. Develop an effective incident organization using sectors/divisions/groups to decentralize and delegate geographical and functional responsibility.
​7. Review, and revise the strategy to keep the IAP current.
​8. Provide for the continuity, transfer, and termination of command.

18

Who is responsible for all the functions of command?
What about the responsibility for these functions?

-Incident commander is responsible, as well as the responsibility of these functions when command is transferred.

19

Which functions must be addressed immediately from the initial assumption of command?

-The first 6 functions of command.

20

Which model greatly increases effectiveness of the command team?

-Strategic decision making model.

21

Who establishes command?

-the first fire department member or unit to arrive at the scene of a multiple unit response shall assume command.

22

How long does this person stay in command for?

-They shall remain in command until command is transferred or the incident is stabilized and command is terminated.

23

What responses do not require assumption of command?

-One or two company responses that are not going to escalate beyond the commitment of those companies.

24

What is the first arriving unit or officer responsible for, even though they don’t assume command?

-Responsible for any needed command functions. Example: single unit response, check hazard, any ems call requiring only one or two companies.

25

How does the first arriving unit initiate command?

-On scene report.
​1. Clear alarm.
​2. Unity designation/on the scene
​3. building area/description (size, occupancy, height)
4. Obvious problems/conditions (nothing showing – out checking, smoke showing – amount and location, fire showing – amount and location, working fire, fully involved).
​5. Action taken (assume command, laying line, attacking
with....etc)
​6. Declaration of strategy (offensive or defensive) ​
7. Command confirmation with name

26

What can be used after the initial on scene report?

-Follow Up report
​1. Immediate safety concerns.
​2. Accountability started (announce the initial accountability location)
​3. Disposition of resources (hold/add/return)
​4. Disposition of IRIC (only required if IRIC will not be
present)

27

What radio designation will be used for the IC throughout the entire incident?

-radio designation COMMAND along with the occupancy or address of incident (7th street command, Metro Center command).

28

What command options define the company officers direct involvement in tactical activities?

-The MODES of command that may be utilized.

29

What are the three Modes?

-Investigative mode, Fast Attack, Command Mode – Stationary command post.

30

What defines an “investigative mode?”

-Mobile IC on a portable radio, moving around and evaluating conditions while looking for the incident problem.
Company officer goes with crew to investigate while utilizing portable radio.

31

What defines a “Fast Attack?”

-There is a visible working fire in a house or commercial occupancy and IC #1’s direct participation in the attack will make a positive difference in the outcome (search, rescue, fire control and crew safety).

32

Who does the IC quickly assign during their fast attack?

-They quickly assign an attack team (2 engines, ladder). Next arriving units all stage.

33

What are examples of when Fast Attack is appropriate?

-Visible working fire in house or small commercial occupancy. Critical life safety situations (rescue in compressed amount of time). Any incident where the safety and welfare of firefighters is of major concern. Obvious working incidents that require further investigation by the company officer. Combined crew experience level.

34

What are the responsibilities of the next arriving companies behind the fast attack IC?

-Understand the IC is inside the hazard zone trying to quickly solve problems. You must listen to radio traffic, update, review and reinforce the initial size up, verify the safety, welfare and accountability of the fast attackers, and back up the basic attack.

35

When does the fast attack command mode end?

-1. Situation is stabilized.
2. Command is transferred from the fast attack company officer IC to later arriving command officer.
​3. If situation is not stabilized, fast attack company officer IC must move to an exterior (stationary) command.

36

What defines a “Command mode, stationary command?”

-From the start of the incident, the IC stays out of the hazard zone in a stationary command post.

37

What are the options for remaining crew members during stationary command mode?

-1. Move up an acting officer within the company.
​2. Assign the crew members to perform staff functions.
​3. Assign company personnel to another company.

38

What does the transfer of command provide for the incident?

-Strengthens and continues command and the IAP from an upgraded command post outside the hazard zone.

39

What are the benefits of an upgraded command post?

-1. Provides IC #2 with a support officer.
​2. Establishes an incident safety officer.
​3. IC#2 has a wider view of fireground.
​4. Improves communication.
​5. Creates a lighted, warm and dry environment

40

What is the process for transfer of command?

-1. First arriving FD member assumes command
​2. First arriving command officer assumes command through transfer of command process.
​3. Subsequent command officers report to IC for assignment.
​4. Shift commander advises the IC and helps transfer into CRV.
​5. Senior advisor, IC and support officer become command team.
​6. Assumption of command is discretionary for assistant chief and fire chief.
​7. Longer incidents may require liasons, PIO, planning, Etc.
​8. May require IMT when incident is very long (several days).

41

When can initial IC pass command to second due company officer?

-When initial company operations requires full commitment to task (rescue, hi-rise).

42

Who will command NOT be passed to?

-not be passed to officer not on scene.

43

Why will command NOT be passed to these individuals?

-it creates a gap in the command process.

44

When will someone assume command without talking to the IC?

-When they are unable to reach command upon arrival

45

What is their next course of action?

-Confirm the status of the missing crew.

46

What is the procedure for transfer of command?

-1. The officer assuming command will communicate with IC#1 (radio or face to face, face to face preferred).
​2. The person being relieved will brief the officer on

​a. General situations
​1. Incident conditions (fire location and extension, hazmat spill, number of pts).


​2. Incident management plan, completion of tactical objectives.
​3. Safety considerations.
​b. Deployment and assignment of operating
companies
​c. appraisals of need for additional resources.
​3. if IMT is needed to size of incident, command will not transfer to IMT unless written delegation of authority has been signed.

47

Does arrival of higher ranking officer constitute transfer of command?

-No, only after transfer of command process has taken place.

48

When can a ranking officer elect to keep IC#1 as command?

-When they are effectively managing command and satisfactory progress is taking place.

49

In order to strengthen command, when can IC#2 add command officers to sectors?

-When any sector has 3 or more companies operating in it

50

What are the benefits of adding command officers?

-Improve safety, decreases span of control, improves communication, improves accountability, improves management and supervision of the sector.

51

What type of command post is a priority at all incidents?

-A vehicle designed to be a command post for work space, lighting, communications equipment, reference materials, protects from distractions.

52

How do command officers park?

-In a manner that doesn’t block access to the scene.

53

Who is responsible for managing the incident?

-the IC. Fire department empowers the IC to turn his plan into IAP and assign companies.

54

Who does the IC outrank?

-EVERYBODY

55

How does a ranking officer affect change on the fire ground?

-They must be on scene, then follow transfer of command process.

56

When can others affect change on an incident?

-Anyone can effect change in incident management in extreme situations relating to safety by notifying command and initiating corrective action

57

What does the ICS never do?

-It never sleeps. It is in a constant state of readiness.

58

What two “teams” have identical roles and responsibilities?

-The Command Team and the Incident advisory team.

59

What do these two teams consist of?

-The Command Team consists of IC, support officer and senior advisor. The incident advisory team consist of the IC, support advisor and the incident advisor.

60

The incident scene is often ______ and ______?

-Dynamic and Intense.

61

What is the usual, immediate need for command as an incident grows into greater alarms?

-The primary need for the IC is support. This can be the BSO/ISO or next arriving command officer.

62

How is the command team generally built?

-It starts with the initial arriving company officer (IC#1), then transfers to the first arriving command officer (IC#2) with his BSO filling the ISO or support officer role.

63

Who are the first and second members of the command team?

-First arriving command officer and their BSO/FIT.

64

What are the roles and responsibilities of the command team?

-To perform the functions of command, as previously noted in this guide.

65

What is the role and responsibility of the support officer, specifically?

-1. Define, evaluate and recommend changes to the IAP. ​
2. Provide direction relating to the tactical objectives and
the specific fire ground factors.
​3. Become an incident safety officer.
​4. Evaluate the need for additional resources.
​5. Assign logistics responsibilities.
​6. Assist with tactical worksheet for control and
accountability.
​7. Evaluate the fireground organization and span of control. ​
8. Other duties as necessary.

66

Who is the third member of the command team and how does he rank?

-The senior advisor, they are the highest ranking member of the command team.

67

What is the main focus of the IC and the support officer, compared to that of the senior advisor?

-IC/ISO focus on completion of the tactical objectives, strategic and tactical plan. Senior advisor focuses on the entire incident and its impact form a broader perspective (provide guidance and advice to the IC/ISO.

68

The IC/ISO and senior advisor work as a _______ and make the _______ effective.

-they work as a 3 man team and make the functions of command more effective.

69

How is the command structure built to stay ahead of the needs of an incident?

-Large scale and complex incidents = Big Command Structure
Small scale and Simple incidents = little command structure

70

What are the 3 levels of command configuration?

-Strategic level – overall direction of the incidents.
​Tactical level – Objectives assigned to sectors (divisions or groups)
​Task Level – Task objectives assigned to companies.

71

What takes place at the Strategic Level?

-designed around the IC and command team, operating in command mode at a stationary command post. Provide initial size up and critical fireground factors. Define the Incident action based on risk management profile. Determine the strategy (offensive/defensive). Establish IAP. Obtain and allocate resources. Deploy the appropriate resources. Predict outcomes and planning. Assign specific assignments and objectives.

72

What takes place at the Tactical level?

-First management “subdivision” of scene organization and is assigning sector responsibilities. These sector officers are assigned by the IC and responsible for the tactical deployment of resources, evaluate and communicate with the IC.

73

What takes place at the Task Level?

-The organizational level where the work is performed by assigned companies. The strategic and tactical levels are in place to support the task level. The accumulation of task level activities accomplish tactical objectives.

74

What are the tactical objectives for a fire?

-Rescue, Fire control, property conservation, customer stabilization.

75

What is a sector defined as?

-a smaller, more manageable unit of incident scene organization. Sectoring is a standard of dividing incident scene command into smaller pieces.

76

When should an IC assign a BC or ISO as sector office?

-When there are 3 or more units operating in that sector

77

Define span of control.

-The maximum number of sectors an IC can effectively manage.

78

What is the span of control for the IC?

-Usually 5 but should never exceed 7.

79

How can sectors be assigned?

-By geographical location or function.

80

How are divisions and groups assigned?

-Divisions are assigned geographical location, Groups are assigned by function.

81

Who manages the sector?

-Sector officers.

82

How is the incident broken down when span of control is exceeded?

-The IC will begin assigning Branches. These branches are responsible for multiple sectors and given a separate radio channel.

83

What advantages do sectors bring to the command structure?

-1. Reduces the IC span of control.
​2. Creates more effective incident scene communications.
​3. Provides a standard and logical system to divide large geographical incidents into effectively sized units.
​4. Provides an array of major support functions
​5. Improves firefighter safety.

84

Command should assign sectors based on the what factors?

-

85

How is “in transit” defined?

-The time it takes for a company to reach their assignment area after receiving an order.

86

What causes in transit time to vary?

-Distance between staging and the incident, size of the incident perimeter, amount of equipment the company needed to assemble.

87

Who loses accountability during transit?

-The IC loses accountability during company transit

88

What is the responsibility of the company officer during
transit?

-The company officer is responsible for monitoring the tactical radio channel.

89

What is the company officer to do when arrival at their assignment?

-Provide a radio announcement to the IC or report face to face with the sector officer that the company is intact and in
the assigned area.

90

What is “On Deck” defined as?

-A forward staging position located just outside the immediate hazard zone, safely distanced from the entrance of a tactical position/sector.

91

Who supervises the on deck crews?

-Their sector officer or company officer, remaining on deck until assigned by sector officer or IC.

92

What are the most likely assignments to an on deck crew?

-Reinforce a position within a sector, cew relief within an assigned sector, any other tactical position assigned by the
IC, RIC.

93

How does the IC provide for tactical reserves around the fireground?

-By layering on deck crews in order to manage work cycles or unexpected events.

94

How does a crew get assigned on deck?

-Contacting staged company and directing them to go On Deck in a specific geographic location or sector.

95

How does an on deck crew park?

-In a manner that doesn’t block access to the scene.

96

What must On Deck crews have upon arrival?

-Intact crew, Full PPE, forecast the need for and collect all the necessary tools and report directly to their assigned
location.

97

What should the On Deck crew assemble for arrival?

-Contact sector officer or IC and inform them they are ready for work.

98

What must on deck crews DO upon arrival?

-Remain intact in a ready state and monitor the tactical channel at all times. Then size up their area:
a. Locate structure entrance/exit ponts
b. Interior and exterior conditions
c. Unit ID of crews operating inside the structure d. Approximate location of interior crews
e. Identify which crews are operating each hose line

99

How and What information is transferred when on deck is
used as relief?

-Information should be done face to face with officer exiting the structure.
a. Interior conditions
b. Routing instructions to the work area c. Interior obstructions
d. Additional tools/resources required
e. Sector objectives

100

What should command establish at large scale incidents?

-At least 1 Rehab Sector for company recycle.

101

What is there potential for when rehab sector is long distance from work area?

-Command losing direct accountability of companies in transit to rehab, difficulty reassembling and reassigning
crews in a timely manner from rehab.

102

What is recycling defined as?

-A timely and efficient means of air replacement and re-hydration of companies while maintaining their sector assignment.

103

What is expected of recycling crews?

-Remain in their sector, Refill air, re-hydrate and report back to sector officer or IC they are ready for work.

104

What can help expedite recycle of companies?

-Placing utility companies in geographical areas/sectors on the fire ground.

105

What should company officers forecast?

-They should forecast their length of time they will be working and bring spare air cylinders if necessary.

106

Who is responsible to monitor the welfare of their personel?

-Sector and company officers; determine if sector recycling or a formal rehab is appropriate.

107

Definition of a mayday situation?

-Any situation where a firefighter is unable to safely exit the hazard zone or an event that cannot be resolved by that individual within 30 seconds.

108

Who is empowered to call a mayday?

-Any member working on duty.

109

What point of an incident may a Mayday be called?

-During response, on scene or any time when a member becomes in trouble and a portable radio is available.

110

What is critical during a mayday?

-Early identification of a mayday.

111

How is a mayday initiated?

-Any member communicating “mayday, mayday, mayday.”

112

What is the “rule of mayday readiness?”

-It is every individual firefighters responsibility to maintain
a high level of mayday readiness at all times. This includes everyday preparation and prevention as well as the practiced ability to communicate and respond to a mayday scenario.

113

What are mayday procedures and actions considered?

-They are considered perishable.

114

What is the definition of mayday readiness?

-A firefighter must adopt an attitude and preparation to look at every incident from the standpoint of “what if I or another firefighter gets in trouble” prior to the development of a bad scenario or outcome.
a. NFPA 1500 standard defines mayday readiness as the ability to “don, doff and manipulate the SCBA in zero visibility while wearing firefighting gloves.”

115

What are the most important factors for mayday prevention?

-Working within an incident command system/Risk management system, working within the IAP, always being accountable to someone within the ICS (no freelance), Maintaining individual and crew air management, management of work cycles, monitor distance traveled into buildings, layering of resources and providing for a tactical reserve, planning and acting out an exit plan.

116

What are the 2 main components for mayday readiness?

-Prevention and Response.

117

What are the individual responsibilities (task level) of mayday readiness?

-a. Maintain SCBA proficiency.
b. Practice individual air management
c. Use and care of PPE
d. Portable radio proficiency and use
e. Practiced crew communications
f. Roving/replacement firefighter integration into crew (individual firefighters have responsibility to ask if no initiated by the company officer.

118

Who is responsible for crew development and practice of
mayday readiness?

-The company officer

119

What needs to be established by the crew for mayday readiness and who needs to participate?

-Set a consistent attitude and expectation for all crew members. Company officer needs to participate.

120

What are the company officer responsibilities of mayday readiness?

-a. Integrate a daily scba check into the crew routine.
b. Practice crew communication in the hazard zone.
c. Rover integration into the crew
d. Maintain knowledge of portable radios and practicing their use.
e. Ensure company officer responsibilities and
expectations are clear to the entire crew.
f. Practice and maintain crew integrity/accountability g. Instilling the standard that firefighters should always stay on the hoseline.

121

Where does development of mayday readiness skills begin?

-Recruit level and maintained throughout career

122

Where is response to an individual firefighters mayday initially managed?

-Initially managed at the company level.

123

What are the individual firefighter responsibilities for mayday response?

-a. Maintain preparation and reaction skills
b. Early communication of mayday situation utilizing the above standard.
c. Control an emotional response to the situation
d. Once the mayday situation is recognized and reported,each firefighter should remember to BREATH, ORGANIZE and ACT (BOA)
e. Utilize the IAFF Fire ground survival training
i. SCBA Familiarization
ii. High/Low all breach
iii. Disentanglement
iv. Ladder Bail
v. Window Hang
vi. GRAB LIVES (Gauge, Radio, Activate pass,
control Breathing, stay LOW, Illuminate, Volume-make nose, find an EXIT, SHIELD your airway.

124

Who best manages the tactical level mayday responsibilities?

-The Battalion Chief and FIT/ISO tandem best manages these responsibilities.

125

What are the tactical level responsibilities?

-a. Work within the overall IAP
b. Continual assessment of the decision making model within the sector assignments
c. Management of tactical objectives for the sector
through position and functions of crews working within this sector.
d. Sector level air management
i. Manage geographical work areas, work/rest
cycles, distances into buildings. e. Accountability
i. Maintain adequate resources assigned to the sector
ii. Layered resources in position to manage tactical objectives and prepared to respond in the event of a mayday.
f. Maintain effective and appropriate communications with Command
i. Sector CAN reports
ii. Requesting or de-committing resources

126

Who takes responsibility of the resolution of the mayday situation?

-Sector officer.

127

What does the IC due during the mayday?

-Gives appropriate resources to the mayday sector officer while reinforcing the surrounding geographical functional sectors.

128

What are other responsibilities during a mayday?

-a. Respond to the mayday from inside out.
b. Manage communications with down FF.
c. Manage the search and rescue efforts for the down FF
d. Increase and maintain resources assigned to the sector
e. Improve survivability and tenability (increase exterior access, utilize RIC bag, improve ventilation)
f. Recognize and support the help order of a mayday
(self rescue, down FF’s crew, Crews working in same sector, crews from other sectors, requesting additional staged resources, communications with surrounding geographical or functional sectors.
g. Surrounding sectors not involved in the mayday
h. Maintain accountability of crews working to resolve the mayday.
i. Maintain awareness of fire and smoke conditions, as well as building conditions, as rescue efforts are initiated (no greater time for a clear and concise utilization or the risk management system than during mayday event, it is not acceptable to create further mayday situations when resolving an existing mayday, these conditions must be communicated to the IC as conditions deteriorate.

129

Who has the ultimate responsibility for prevention and response to mayday situation?

-Incident command team (Strategic Level readiness and response).

130

What are the responsibilities for the strategic level of an incident mayday?

-a. Continually reassess the incident through the strategic decision making model
i. Critical fireground factors, risk management, strategy, evaluation of the IAP, resources, plan and prepare for communications challenge.
b. Strategic level communications
i. Control incident communications (critical
messages only, manage pace and tone, incident and mayday stay on same tactical channel, accountability, tactical benchmarks, CAN and PAR reports).
c. Continue strategic level continuity
i. Ensure BCs are assigned to all critical tactical
level positions (sectors)
ii. Continue to manage remaining firefight (ensure
the overall incident actions match the overall
incident conditions).

131

What is the tactical benchmark for the end point of a mayday?

-“Mayday Resolved”

132

What has to be confirmed prior to a mayday being resolved?

-a. All individuals experiencing mayday are removed from hazard zone
b. All members involved in the rescue are accounted for an are out of the hazard zone
c. All members working all other sectors are accounted for
d. The IC can give a PAR for the entire hazard zone

133

Who notifies command of the completion of the rescue and that all members involved are out of the hazard zone?

-The officer of the individual sector in which the mayday occurred.

134

Who has the obligation to complete the accountability process for the entire incident?

-The IC has the obligation to complete accountability for benchmark “mayday resolved.”

135

Is mayday only a fireground term?

-No. it can be used in any hazard zone.

136

What does the TRO do when a mayday is transmitted?

-a. Transmits the emergency traffic tone
b. Voices on the tactical channel “we have a mayday, all units hold your traffic.”
c. Repeats the mayday message using the standard order model
d. Allows for the IC to speak to the mayday intiator.

137

What happens if the first FD company onscene of a fire incident initiates the mayday?

-The TRO shall:
a. Assure that help is on the way
b. Maintains communications with the mayday initiator until other units arrive
c. Reminds the member to initiate GRAB LIVES
d. Ensures all responding units are aware of the mayday
e. Upgrades the assignment to a mayday nature code

138

What are the automatic activations by the dispatch center during a mayday?

-a. additional resources (balances or upgrades to next greater alarm with medical or transport resources)
b. Monitors all possible hazard zone channels.

139

What is the best way to guarantee a successful outcome of mayday?

-PREVENT IT.

140

What Is the ultimate goal for any mayday?

-Resolve it without creating any further maydays.

141

What do all members need to remember at all levels of mayday incident?

-BOA (BREATHE, ORGANIZE, ACT)

142

All members will work within a standard ____________ during emergency operations.

-Risk Management Plan (risk a lot to save savable lives, risk a little for savable property, no risk for lives or property already lost).

143

What do “actions in a calculated manner” require?

-Continual use of the strategic decision making model, ICS established, Proper PPE, Accountability system established, safety procedures in place, continuous risk assessment by all members, uninterrupted communications.

144

What does the position in the risk management plan represent?

-It represents the “why” we are taking risk at this incident. It must be clear to all companies, working at all levels of
the ICS, that the incident strategy and plans are focused on either savable lives or savable property.

145

What situation provides for the greatest allowable threshold of risk?

-Savable lives may be present at an incident that the conditions exist that the fire crews can provide a rescue.

146

What are the questions necessary to determine this level of risk?

-a. Is it reasonable to believe that there are savable lives present?
b. Are there any survivable environments or compartments at this incident?
c. Do we have the resources and ability to affect a rescue and survive to complete it?

147

What may be the best thing for mitigating significant risk and allow for rescue and FF survivability?

-A quick and overwhelming attack on the fire from any reasonable position.

148

When will no or limited risk be taken with defensive strategy?

-If the incident size up has determined neither savable lives or savable property are present because of the conditions.

149

What type of incidents is the risk management plan effective for?

-Large scale medical, hazardous materials, TRT, violent incidents.

150

What is the purpose of the EPOP?

-Check and secure the welfare of those customers in the outage area that may be at high risk due to age, health/impairments or immobility during extreme weather conditions and no power.

151

What temperatures allow implementation of EPOP? Who
initiates it?

-Temps exceed 105 of below 34 degrees. At discretion or NDC/SDC, deployment BC or deployment supervisor, any executive staff chief officer or command officer.

152

What happens in affected area of power outage?

-BC of the area meets with power company to determine needs for evacuations, red cross, door to door check welfares, neighborhood activation, transportation, hospitals, loss control, ice, heating, rehab PIO, Occupant services sector and CR vans).

153

What type of outages exist?

-Local outages, feeder outages, rolling blackouts.

154

What is a major determining factor in any plans developed or actions taken?

-Time without power.

155

What is defined as the hot zone?

-Any area requiring the use of an SCBA.

156

Who must make a strong personal commitment to follow all policies and procedures regarding accountability?

-Each person involved in an incident whether at the strategic, tactical or task level.

157

What are the strategic/Command level responsibilities?

-a. track all crews, sectors by location and function
b. command knows who is in charge in each sector and who is assigned to those sectors
c. must react to any barriers to effective accountability
d. consider air supply when making tactical assignments
e. obtain PARs from sectors or crews

158

What are the Sector officer/ Tactical level responsibilities?

-a. Track crews assigned to their sector
b. Know location and function of their crews
c. Stay in assigned area for close supervision of assigned crews
d. Obtain PARs of all crewmembers in their sectors

159

What are the company officer/Task level responsibilities?

-a. Know where each firefighter is located and what they are doing
b. Maintain current PASSPORT
c. Maintain current MCT roster
d. Ensure all crewmembers have proper helmet ID and name tag on SCBA face piece and helmet.
e. Obtain PARs (account for crew and ensure they have adequate exit air supply).
f. Maintain crew integrity and awareness of exit air supply.
g. Ensure passport is delivered to accountability location and retrieve it upon exiting the hot zone.

160

What are the engineer responsibilities?

-
a. accountability officer tracks crews and crewmembers who take hoselines from his/her apparatus.
b. Collects passports from crews
c. Places passport/pouch on discharge gate when
hoselines is charged
d. Places hosline ID tags on each hoseline

161

What are the firefighter responsibilities?

-a. Have proper company ID on the helmet
b. Update passport and MCT roster
c. Stay with crew at all times
d. Maintain a constant awareness of air supply

162

What are the responsibilities of all members?

-a. Immediately update the passport
b. Ensure helmet ID tags are correct
c. Nametags on face piece and helmet

163

What are the responsibilities of all crews?

-a. no freelancing
b. remain intact (minimum crew size is two or more members)
c. each member has radio
d. All crews in hot zone have superisor
e. All crews go in together, stay together, exit together
f. Close supervision by company officer during reduced visibility and increased risk
g. Entire crew exits if scba, radio or any equipment that could compromise safety fails while in hot zone.

164

What is used to effectively track firefighters in the hot zone?

-The passport system.

165

What does the accountability equipment consist of?

-Passport with a pouch, small company id tag, helmet id stickers and hoseline ID tage.

166

Where are the passport, passport pouch and company hoseline id tag kept?

-Together on as one unity on the apparatus dash at the company officer position or passenger side.

167

What is the company officer responsible for, with regards to MCT?

-Passport and MCT roster reflects only the members presently assigned to the company and reflect only those crewmembers about to enter the hot zone.

168

What should the company officer do if entering hot zone with partial crew?

-Company officer must remove the nametags of those members not entering the hot zone.

169

When will use of the passport system be implemented?

-Any incident that requires the use of an SCBA.

170

When does the use of the accountability system commence?

-Upon arrival of the first unit on scene.

171

Where is accountability set up?

-During the follow up report. Unit identification and geographical area will be announced.

172

Who does the crew deliver their passport to?

-The engineer of the engine where they deployed a handline.

173

What is placed on the discharge gate at the pump panel?

-Passport, pouch and hoseline id tag.

174

Where will ladder crews leave their passport if gong to the roof? Going interior?

-They leave it on the dash on the apparatus or engine with closest point of their entry.

175

What must the company officer upon exiting the hot
zone?

-Retrieve the company passport.

176

When must you notify the original sector officer and accountability officer of their changed status?

-Anytime a crew exits at a different location than the original point of entry.

177

What is the backup accountability kit utilized for?

-Maintain accountability in the event that a crew arrives to a location without their equipment.

178

What is kept in backup accountability kit?

-Three blank hosline id tags, passport pouch, blank passport for grease pen, blank passport with Velcro, grease
pencil.

179

As sectors are assigned, who manages the accountability for that sector?

-The FIT/ISO assigned to the BC managing that sector

180

When can the accountability system be terminated?

-Following a report of “fire under control” and a PAR for all crews obtained.

181

When will command extend the use of the passport or accountability system?

-Any time visibility is reduced or significant hazard exists.

182

What are the passport rules?

-a. Passports will reflect only personnel presently in the hot zone
b. Passports will be delivered to the assigned accountability location
c. Passports will be maintained at the point of entry to the hot zone.
d. Passports will never enter the hot zone.
e. Passports will be retrieved by crews upon exiting the hot zone
f. Passport accountability location is the engine where crew deployed the hoseline.

183

What is the PAR?

-Accounting of all crewmembers assigned to your company and an adequate air supply.

184

How should PARs be communicated within the sector, when possible?

-Should be communicated face-to-face whenever possible

185

What situations require a PAR?

-a. Missing or trapped FF
b. Any change from offensive to defensive
c. Sudden hazardous event at the incident (flash,
backdraft, collapse, mayday etc)
d. All Clear
e. Fire Control
f. Every 30 minutes
g. Any time command feels its necessary.

186

When does accountability commence during a multi-story or hi rise?

-Arrival of the first unit on scene.

187

Where is the passport delivered in a multi-story or hi rise?

-Building lobby.

188

Where is the hoseline ID tag taken in multi-story hi rise?

-Mark the hoseline in the stairwell at the standpipe.

189

Where will crews leave their passports if lobby has not been established?

-Leave their passports in the fire control room with fire personnel.

190

When does OSHA say 2 in/ 2 out applies?

-Once firefighters begin the interior attack on an interior structural fire, the atmosphere is assumed IDLH and 2 in 2 out applies.

191

What is the objective of the 2 in / 2 out?

-Have fully equipped firefighters in position during the initial fire attack to react in the event of a mayday.

192

When will 2 in / 2 out be established?

-Any time firefighters are on air inside a structure and no other units have arrived on scene.

193

What are the exceptions for the 2 in 2 out rule?

-a. Report of suspected life hazard where immediate action could prevent loss of life.
b. Fire is in incipient stage.

194

What is defined as an incipient stage fire?

-Fire which is in the initial stage and can be controlled or extinguished by portable fire extinguishers, class II standpipe or small hose systems without need for PPE or breathing apparatus.

195

What is the only time radio traffic regarding 2 in 2 out is necessary?

-When the 2 in 2 out standard is NOT MET.

196

When is the 2 in 2 out standard met with other companies?

-When the second arriving fire company arrives and is positioned on scene or in Level I staging.

197

What is the requirement of the incident commander (initial arriving company officer)?

-To account for the individual members of the 2 in / 2 out team.

198

What is the requirement of the individual 2 in / 2 out team members?

-Make the IC aware of their position and function for accountability.

199

What is defined as the operational 2 in / 2 out?

-Temporary two person tactical reserve assigned at the outset of an incident to allow teams to enter an IDLH, or potential IDLH atmosphere.

200

What is one primary member dedicated to?

-Tracking interior personnel and reacting in a safe manner
based on their capabilities and ability to communicate in the event of a mayday by firefighters making the intial fire attack.

201

What may the second member of the 2 in / 2 out team be engaged in?

-Other activities within the hazard zone including engineers operating the pumper.

202

What will members of 2 in / 2 out team maintain during mayday?

-Accountability to command and communicate their actions to the AHQ.

203

When is the 2 in / 2 out procedure used?

-When the initial arriving company officer is operating in the fast attack mode on the interior

204

Who is primary and secondary in the 2 out positions?

-Plug person is primary, engineer is secondary.

205

How are any rescue efforts initiated by the 2 out?

-As a 2 person team with well communicated rescue efforts.

206

Who has the authority and obligation to intervene and stop an unsafe act?

-Any member witnessing an unsafe act by another member.

207

When will a safety system be implemented?

-Every time the FD responds to an incident.

208

Who is initially responsible for safety?

-Initial IC. They assume initial IC and ISO until command is transferred.

209

Who is the ISO during EMS (one or two unit) and still assignments?

-The company officer.

210

What are the company officer’s safety responsibilities?

-a. Manage task level safety (driving, ppe, equipment)
b. Size up critical factors and apply risk management plan
c. Manage crew accountability through sight, voice,
touch
d. Actively monitor air supply of crew.
e. Monitor crew member fatigue and need for recycle
f. Communication and mitigation of hazards
g. Continue monitor and reevaluate incident hazards and risk/benefit.
h. Request additional resources and command
components as necessary.

211

Who is the ISO during structure fire assignments?

-First arriving company officer assumes IC #1 and ISO.

212

Who assumes ISO after arrival of first command officer?

-The BSO/FIT will assume the responsibility of the ISO.

213

What is the role of the FIT/BSO as a sector safety officer partnered with a BC?

-

214

What does on Deck provide for in the sectors?

-

215

What is one of the most important reasons to assign an On Deck company?

-

216

What actions/tasks must be performed by On Deck companies to be ready for a firefighter rescue?

-

217

What are the On Deck company actions for rescue?

-

218

Who responds to all first or greater alarm incidents for the role of mobile AISO?

-

219

If these people need to enter the hot zone, how do they do that?

-

220

What other abilities does C957 have?

-

221

What is the role of the ISO once in the command van and who do they work under?

-

222

What does the presence of an ISO allow after moving to the CV?

-

223

What are the three reasons for ISO intervention at a scene?

-

224

What are the specific responsibilities of support sector?

-a. Assist logistics in initial and continuing evaluation of support needs
b. Re-supply all expendable supplies (air, O2, medical supplies, foam, Gatorade, etc)
c. Coordinate field refueling of apparatus
d. Liaison with equipment management
e. Coordinate equipment and manpower for delivery of fire hose and other equipment to the scene or back at station
f. Provide for delivery of incident specific specialized
equipment
g. Coordinate specialized equipment or services from other city departments or outside agencies
h. Coordinate exchange of portable radios and comms equipment requiring servicing.

225

What type of determination needs to be made on situations requiring resource sector?

-An early determination

226

When shall RM50 respond?

-All working first alarm or greater incidents, or any incident requested by command.

227

Who establishes resource sector?

-It can be an individual or company prior to the arrival of the resource officer.

228

What is lobby sector used for?

-Used to control access to a building or area during fires, hazardous materials incidents, rescue operations or any other time it is necessary to control and maintain accountability for the entry and exit of personnel.

229

What is lobby sector responsible for?

-a. Identify all entry/exit points
b. Control all access points when alternate entrances are present
c. Identify suitable entry/exit points
d. Maintain full accountability
e. Record names, times and assignment of personnel f. Collect all accountability tags
g. Lobby sector is on the ground floor of high-rise h. Perimeter is defined with hazard zone tape during
specials ops incidents.

230

Who is entry limited to?

-Command authorized personnel with appropriate PPE.

231

When responding to high-rise fires and other situations where control of access is necessary, how is lobby sector
initially established?

-At least one firefighter from the initial arriving company should be left to establish lobby sector.

232

Who should be assigned to lobby sector as quickly as possible?

-A company should be assigned to lobby sector as soon as possible.

233

Who must report to lobby sector?

-All personnel entering the building or area, before reporting to any other sector or assignment.

234

How will company officers organize their crew while in lobby sector?

-They will keep their crews intact while awaiting assignment.

235

How will civilians move through the building?

-They will be accompanied by a firefighter with a portable radio.

236

Who should be notified and respond to incidents with significant environmental impact?

-Phoenix fire special ops designee. DEQ. City of Phoenix safety designee. City of phoenix emergency management coordinator. Phoenix office of environmental programs. Maricopa county local emergency planning committee. State of Arizona response commission designee. State of Arizona depart of health services. Maricopa county health
department.

237

What dictates the amount of type of members that respond to these incidents?

-The severity of the incident

238

How is an action plan developed?

-As info is developed, the agency designated as the central point of contact will inform all members the information made to the public and plan of action.

239

What happens at the end of the incident?

-All members will reassemble and a joint report will be generated regarding all activity involving the incident.

240

Who does the environmental sector work under and report to?

-Incident Command

241

What is the key to an organized and manageable evacuation?

-Develop an ICS early and initiate a plan, continually update the plan.

242

What are the 12 factors an evacuation plan should address?

-Command structure, determine the need for evacuation versus in place sheltering, early notification of PD, identification of an area to be evacuated, perimeters, etc., required resources, evacuation time frame, identification of shelter sites, duration of evacuation, info about the hazard and evacuation presented to evacuees, follow up with evacuees upon reentry, security of the area evacuated.

243

Who identifies the area of evacuation?

-Incident Commander

244

Who evaluates and reevaluates the evacuation plan?

-Planning section.

245

What type of boundaries should the evacuation area follow?

-Streets and established roadways.

246

What may be used to protect the public rather than evacuation?

-Shelter in place.

247

When can shelter in place be an option?

-Hazard has been identified and has a low or moderate risk, material has been released and is now dissipating, leaks can be controlled rapidly before evacuation can be completed, exposure to the product is expected to be short term, public can be adequately protected by staying indoors.

248

What are the 3 levels of evacuation?

-a. Site evacuation – small number of citizens (workers and people from adjacent occupancies). Short evacuation times.
b. Intermediate level evacuation – larger number of
citizens and larger area (fewer than 100 people). People evacuated for 2-4 hours. More resources for controlling evacuees and perimeter security.
c. Large scale evacuation – large or concentrated release. Thousands of citizens evacuated. Rapid intervention of evacuation. Evacuated for many hours or days. Extended evac times. EOC is activated to support evac and site operations.

249

What are the precise parameters differentiating one level from another?

-There are none. Command implements structure that meets the needs of the incident.

250

How long should citizens be evacuated?

-As long as the risks continues in the evacuated area. Re-evacuation will be difficult.

251

Who should be evacuated?

-All residents living/working in the area defined. If they wont leave, inform them of risk and let them stay. Notify evacuation branch of their address.

252

What are the responsibilities of the red cross?

-Manage shelters. Red cross needs 3 hours to get adequate personnel, equipment and supplies.

253

How is shelter site selected?

-Selected early at decision of evacuation, cannot wait for red cross. Site needs sector officer.

254

Who is responsible for all planning associated with an evacuation?

-Planning section, plan approved by IC.

255

Who is responsible for the physical evacuation operations?

-Operations section (evacuation branch or sector).

256

Who does planning develop a plan with in joint cooperation?

-Police Department

257

Who may the evacuation branch officer be?

-A police officer.

258

Who should command put at the police liaison/police command post?

-A ranking fire officer

259

Which radio channel should be used for evacuation branch?

-A separate radio frequency, assigned early in the incident

260

Where does police provide a ranking officer?

-To the evacuation branch and the incident command post.

261

How many police officers may be needed for evacuation and who may be in charge of the evacuation branch?

-A large number of police officers may be needed, the evacuation branch officer may be a ranking police officer
or fire officer.

262

What order is the public evacuated?

-Those at greatest risk first, then the greatest concentrated areas next (apartment complex). May need individual sectors for large population occupancies.

263

How are duplication of efforts avoided?

-Closely document and maintain records. Document those addresses and times for those refusing to leave.

264

What type of evacuation is very time consuming and may not have appropriate resources?

-Face to face notification.

265

Use of what equipment will speed up the alert process?

-Sirens, air horns and PA systems.

266

What should you be wearing in door-to-door evacuations?

-Be in uniform, wear your helmet

267

What instructions are included in face to face notifications?

-a. There is an emergency.
b. You are in danger.
c. Leave immediately.
d. Go to shelter (location)
e. Take ( ) route out of area
f. Do you need transport?
g. Consider multi-lingual needs.

268

What items should evacuees bring?

-Wallet, house and car keys, money, eyeglasses, medications, warm clothing, family pet.

269

What method should be used when making rapid immediate evacuations?

-a. 3, 5 second blasts of the siren while on yelp
b. Follow standard evacuation instruction over PA system
c. Use maximum volume on PA system.
d. Proceed slowly to maximize notification
e. Initiate notification at the beginning of each block and 50 yards there after.

270

How do you handle someone who wont leave?

-a. Be in uniform
b. Wear your helmet
c. Wear scba facepiece
d. Ask for next of kin and phone number
e. Write down kin info
f. Refusal should be noted and report to branch officer

271

What are the responsibilities for transportation sector?

-a. Obtain buses
b. Stage all transportation resources
c. Put one firefighter on each vehicle with a fire or pd radio
d. Coordinate the evacuation sector pick up points.

272

What will be activated if major evacuation occurs?

-The citys Emergency Operations Center.

273

What is the objective of the EOC?

-Use the city resources to support the incident.

274

Who is responsible for assigning information sector?

-Command

275

When is command to implement information sector?

-As soon as practical, after basic rescue and fire operations are extended.

276

What is information sector designed to alleviate?

-Commands responsibility of dealing with the media.

277

Who will report to command and help establish information sector?

-PIO

278

What is the radio designation for information sector?

-Public Information Sector.

279

What is the basic information this sector should provide?

-a. Timely Response
b. Number of units or personnel on scene.
c. Human Interest or Safety Information.

280

What type of basic information should be added to enhance the story?

-a. Highly skilled and trained professionals (high rise, trt, hz, etc)
b. An extremely hazardous situation.
c. A person or company that did an outstanding job on or off duty assignment
d. A rescue scenario
e. Projected duration of incident

281

How are Certified Fire Journalist identified?

-Green helmets and fire journalist identification.

282

What needs to be done prior to releasing names of persons seriously injured or deceased?

-Confirm next of kin has been notified.

283

Who is responsible for all media personnel wear proper PPE on the fire ground?

-Information sector

284

Who is responsible for the safety of media personnel in the area?

-Each sector officer with media in their area. Avoid confrontations, ask them to leave.

285

What is the policy of the department with media relations?

-To cooperate with the media.

286

What does post incident critiques provide for?

-An opportunity to review the effectiveness of actions and procedures in their application during actual incidents. Review overall quality of services provided.

287

Who implements critique sector?

-Implemented by training academy officer, the tactical services chief or the incident commander, or a designated officer by command.

288

What may also be implemented?

-A critique “team” composed of tactical services chief and selected team members.

289

What are the critique sector responsibilities?

-Draw and layout of the incident with hoselines and equipment, descriptions of observations, photos and video of the incident, operations requests from the IC.

290

When does post incident preparation begin?

-Immediately following a major incident

291

How many levels of critique are there? Who determines the level used?

-5. Assistant chief of operations or designee.

292

What are the 5 levels of critique?

-a. Individual – conducted with individual or other companies, initiated by company officer
b. Company Level- post incident, on site, prior to departing the scene. Initiated by command or BC, informal and brief.
c. Battalion Level – Initiated by the BC, structured critique performed by BC.
d. Operations level- Conducted within the battalion by the BC of shift commander. May be first or multiple alarms with uncomplicated situation.
e. Department Level – Critiquing large scale or complex incidents that involve a lot of resources and outside agencies.

293

What are the summary items covered during critique?

-Response (type, alarms, etc), Unique problems, On scene actions, lessons learned, incident organization chart, incident organization chart, fire ground drawing.

294

When is a welfare sector set up?

-Any incident involving serious injury or fatality of a member of the Phoenix Regional Department, on and off duty incidents.

295

Who establishes this sector?

-IC for on duty incidents, Duty deputy for off duty incidents.

296

Where are officers assigned to?

-Welfare sector, hospital liaison, family liaison.

297

What are the duties of welfare sector?

-Obtain the latest info regarding injuries. Update dispatch and deployment supervisor. Manage fire station notifications. Assign a hospital liaison officer. Assign family liaison officer. Coordinate with PIO. Coordinate with L493. Notify senior staff. Provide family transportation. Coordinate chaplain and support needs. Secure personal belongings of injured member.

298

How is information communicated through the sector?

-In a confidential manner. Only released to approved people noted by the welfare sector.

299

How can stations be notified?

-Use of email messages to station computers. No names until family notified. All updates approved by welfare sector prior to release.

300

What two assignments are given out by welfare sector?

-Family Liaison and Hospital Liaison.

301

How can liaisons be set up outside of phoenix metro?

-By contacting local fire department and local FD union to serve as initial liaison officers.

302

What should FD members NOT due during these incidents?

-“freelance” and take self initiated action.

303

When will welfare “branch” be established?

-Multiple patients, multiple hospitals.