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Flashcards in EMT Study Guide Deck (194)
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Duty to Act

-The EMT had an obligation to respond and provide care.

1

Negligence

-Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.

2

Breech of Duty

-The EMT failed to assess, treat, or transport patient according to the standard of care.

3

Abandonment

-Abandonment is the termination of care without transferring the patient to an equal or higher medical authority

4

Medical Direction

-Physician oversight of patient care

5

Advocacy

-Someone who works on behalf of the patient and their family

6

Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement

-Continuous audit and reviews of all aspects of the EMS system to identify areas of improvement

7

Denial

-1st stage of the grieving process. Or. May experience a "not me" stage

8

Systole

-Is the top number of the BP, the BP exerted during contraction of the left ventricle.

9

Diastole

-Is the bottom number of the BP, the BP in between contraction.

10

Perfusion

-Is the flow of blood throughout the body

11

Hypoperfusion

-AKA shock, means blood flow has been compromised to the point the entire body is at risk

12

Cyanosis

-Cyanosis/cyanotic is a bluish color that may indicate a lack of oxygenated blood. Often appear in the nail beds or around the mouth first. Late finding.

13

Jaundice

-Yellow skin that may indicate liver problems

14

Head tilt-chin lift

-The preferred manual method of opening the airway, do not use on patients with suspected c-spine injury

15

Modified Jaw Thrust

-Used on patients with suspected c-spine injury, do not used on conscious patients

16

Seesaw Breathing

-Chest and abdomen moving in opposition and is a sign of accessory muscle usage

17

Blow by Oxygen

-A technique used to apply oxygen when children may be frightened.

18

Bronchoconstriction

-(Asthma) is the constriction f the airways in the lungs due to tightening of the surrounding smooth muscle, with consequent coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.

19

OPQRST

-To help obtain information about the patients symptoms.
Onset
Provocation
Quality
Radiation
Severity
Time

20

DCAP-BTLS

-Used to assess trauma patients head to toe.
Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Punctures
Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling

21

SAMPLE

-Used to help in obtaining history.
Signs/Symptoms
Allergies
Medications
Past Medical History
Last Oral Intake
Events Leading Up To Incident

22

Hypoxia

-Inadequate delivery of oxygen to the cells. Early indications of hypoxia are restlessness, anxiety, irritability, dyspnea, tachycardia.
Late indications of hypoxia are altered or decreased LOC, severe dyspnea, cyanosis, bradycardia(especially in pediatric pts)

23

Status Epilepticus

-Prolonged seizure for approximately 30 minutes or recurring seizures without the patient regaining consciousness in between. Very dangerous and possibly leading to brain damage and death.

24

Syncope/Syncopal Episode

-Is fainting. Typically caused by a temporary loss of blood flow to the brain.
Causes include cardiac emergency, hypotension, neurological problem, stress, diabetes, pregnancy, anemia, medications, toxic exposure.

25

Dislocation

-The movement of a bone out of its normal position in a joint

26

Drowning

-The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid.

27

Near Drowning

-Same as drowning but pts that survive at least temporarily for 24 hours.

28

Bipolar Disorder

-Manic depression, characterized by drastic mood swings

29

Schizophrenia

-A state characterized by disorganized speech and thinking