What does each of the organic compounds classes consist of?
Consist of large molecules built from small subunits.
What are organic compounds? (5)
-carbohydrates -proteins -lipids -vitamins -nucleic acids
What is the smallest subunit?
What do several monomers combine to form?
What is a monomer?
Monomer, a molecule of any of a class of compounds, mostly organic, that can react with other molecules to form very large molecules or polymers.
What is polymer?
A polymer is a type of chemical compound whose molecules are bonded together in long repeating chains.
What is each of these polymers characterized by?
Characterized by a specific structure owing to the chemical bonds formed.
What are the structures in polymers characterized by?
These structures are related to the function of the compound in living organisms.
What are the elements of carbohydrates?
Name the monomer of carbohydrates.
What are the monosaccharides?
What is a condensation reaction?
When 2 monosaccharides join together it is called a condensation reaction. Water is removed.
What is the bond between 2 monosaccharides called?
What are two monosaccharides joined together called?
What are lots of monosaccharides joined together called?
What are the characteristics of simple carbohydrates? (5)
Structural composition of monosaccharides: (2)
Strcutural composition of disaccharides:
2 monosaccharides joined chemically by glycosidic bonds
Structural composition of complex carbohydrates:(5)
• Compact or long
• Not sweet tasting
• Not reducing sugars
____ is basically a Monosaccharide. A monosaccharide is also called simple sugar and is the most basic form of _____. Hexose sugars include ___,___, and _____.
How rings do monasaccharides have?
Glucose + Fructose
Glucose + Glucose
Glucose + Galactose
Draw on your wit bord how disaccharides form.
What happens to a disaccharide when it splits into two monomers?
It is called Hydrolysis because water is needed.
Where do we generally find starch?
We generally find starch in the plant’s roots and seeds. All plants when they synthesize glucose, the extra glucose is stored in the form of starch.
Starch is an element present in all _____ plants.
Why is starch called a glucan?
It only consists of glucose molecules all linked together.
What is cellulose?
Cellulose is an important structural element of the cell walls of all photosynthetic plants
What type of polysaccharide is cellulose?
It is a fibrous kind of polysaccharide which is highly insoluble in water.
What is glycogen?
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals, fungi, and bacteria.