carbohydrates Flashcards

1
Q

carbohydrates contain:

A

hydrogen, carbon, oxygen

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
2
Q

monosaccharides

A

contains carbohydrate monomers

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
3
Q

empirical formula for monosaccharides

A

(CH2O)n

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
4
Q

types of monosaccharides

A
  1. ribose
  2. glucose
  3. fructose
How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
5
Q

ribose has:

A

5 carbons

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
6
Q

glucose has:

A

6 carbons

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
7
Q

fructose has:

A

6 carbons

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
8
Q

types of disaccharides:

A
  1. sucrose
  2. lactose
  3. maltose
How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
9
Q

sucrose is made of:

A

fructose + glucose

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
10
Q

lactose is made of:

A

galactose + glucose

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
11
Q

maltose is made of:

A

glucose + glucose

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
12
Q

disaccharides are made of:

A

2 monosaccharides

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
13
Q

disaccharides are linked by:

A

glycosidic bonds made from a dehydration(condensation) reaction

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
14
Q

dehydration(condensation) reaction is:

A

loss of water and addition of covalent bond

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
15
Q

polysaccharides contain:

A

multiple monosaccharides

How well did you know this?
1
Not at all
2
3
4
5
Perfectly
16
Q

polysaccharides are connected by:

A

glycosidic bonds to form long polymers

17
Q

types of polysaccharides:

A
  1. starch
  2. cellulose
  3. chitin
  4. glycogen
18
Q

starch is:

A

energy storage in plants

19
Q

what kind of bond does starch have?

A

alpha bond

20
Q

linear starch is called:

A

amylose

21
Q

branched starch is called:

A

amylopectin

22
Q

glycogen is:

A

energy storage in humans

23
Q

what type of bond does glycogen have?

A

alpha

24
Q

true or false: glycogen is more branched than starch.

A

true

25
Q

cellulose is:

A

structural component of plant cell walls

26
Q

cellulose is made up of ___ bonds

A

Beta

27
Q

chitin is:

A

structural component of fungi cell walls and insect exoskeletons

28
Q

chitin is made up of ___ bonds and has:

A

beta; nitrogen attached to each monomer